Pennsylvania Nurse 2019 Pennsylvania Nurse 74.1 - Page 25

Hundreds of nursing journals exist in print and online. They differ in focus, subjects, and their rigor in publica- tion of articles. Refereed journals are also called peer- reviewed or scholarly journals because manuscripts are written by authors with strong knowledge of their topics and reviewed by experts before acceptance for publica- tion. Some journals only publish research, some target specialty areas, and others, like Pennsylvania Nurse, welcome a variety of articles. Getting Started Read. Read. Read. Authors need to read a variety of journals before submitting a manuscript because your submission needs to fit your area of interest and exper- tise, as well as the journal’s focus. For example, a manu- script that targets a highly specialized audience is better suited to the topic’s specialty journal than to a publica- tion like Pennsylvania Nurse and its broad audience. Generic journals welcome manuscripts on a range of subjects and are not specific to one nursing specialty. Examples include Pennsylvania Nurse, American Nurse Today, and The American Journal of Nursing. Examples of specialty journals include Home Healthcare Now, Ge- riatric Nursing, Journal of Nursing Administration, and the Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic and Neonatal Nursing (JOGNN). Specialty journals might publish a general manuscript if it is targeted to needs of the journal’s audi- ence. Beware of predatory journals that send out invitations to publish your manuscript (Weingarten, 2015). Predatory open-access publishing is an exploitative business model that involves charging publishing fees to authors without providing the editorial and publishing services associated with legitimate journals (reputable open-access journals also charge fees). The predatory journals often have titles that are similar to respected journals and heap high praise in their letters of invitation. Open access publishing is a business model used interna- tionally by reputable sources, too. With the traditional publishing model, the publisher absorbs costs, which hopefully are covered by advertising, grants, or other support. With open access journals, except for a few like Pennsylvania Nurse, the costs are “up front” and paid by authors or their institutions. Author’s need to know the source for publication. Authors also should know the need for or cost of any fees. This should be communicated in advance. Predatory publishers often do not disclose all costs and burdens faced by the author. Predatory publishers may be quick to add respected names to their “boards.” There- fore, writers should be extra care- ful. These names are used as lures to others. In addition, your topic needs to relate to the journal’s focus. Your manuscript may be rejected, because the topic does not fit the journal or a similar article may have been published in a recent issue. See the next page for information on preparing your manuscript for publication. What Next? What becomes of a manuscript after it is submitted to a refereed publication? If it meets the basic requirements of the journal, it is sent for review by people with experience and expertise in the content area. Reviewers may rec- ommend that the manuscript be accepted, accepted pending revi- sion, or rejected. The editor then communicates with the author. Editors and authors communicate to ensure that manuscripts that are accepted and those that need revision are publication ready. Journal staff may assist with basic editing as the manuscript is formatted for the journal. Authors usually have one last op- portunity to see the manuscript as it will be published before it is released. When a manuscript is not ac- cepted, the editor may summarize the peer reviewers’ comments or provide feedback upon request. In fact, authors can learn a lot through this experience. Some- times what has been submitted truly does not meet the needs of the journal or would be bet- Issue 74, 1 2019 Pennsylvania Nurse 23