Pennsylvania Nurse 2019 Pennsylvania Nurse 74.1 - Page 20

A reporting system is a tool used to gather informa- tion about an incidence, setting, and circumstances surrounding medication errors in each unit (Ander- son & Townsend, 2010; Kruer et al., 2014). One of the effective strategies to reduce medication errors involves establishing a committee of safety manage- ment to collect the report system information and complete an on-site inspection of good medication handling habits. This committee will be responsible for the protocol of safe medication administration (Wang et al., 2015). It helps the managers identify major causes of medication errors in their units. It can be used as a quality assessment tool to avoid repeat events (Abubakar et al., 2014). Summary In summary, medication errors are a global prob- lem in the healthcare system. Medication errors can arise from negligence or miscommunication between healthcare providers who are involved in patient care. The literature reflects that the rate of medica- tion errors increases in hospital settings. Although many causes can lead to medication errors, the prevalence of errors increases when there are multi- ple causes associated in one circumstance. Medication errors cannot be eliminated totally. However, apply- ing evidence-based prevention strategies can decrease medication errors in an organization’s units. References Abubakar, A. R., Chedi, B. A., Simbak, N. B., & Haque, M. (2014). Medi- cation error: The role of healthcare professionals, sources of error and prevention strategies. Journal of Chemical & Pharmaceutical Research, 6(10), 646-651. Anderson, P., & Townsend, T. (2010). Medication error: Don’t let them happen to you. American Nurse Today, 5(3), 23-27. Keers, R. N., Williams, S. D., Cooke, J., & Ashcroft, D. M. (2013). Causes of medication administration errors in hospitals: A systematic review of quantitative and qualitative evidence. Ann Pharmacotherapy, 47(2), 237-256. Kruer, R. M., Jarrell, A. S., & Latif, A. (2014). Reducing medication errors in critical care:A multimodal approach. Clinical Pharmacology, 6117-126. Marquis, B., & Huston, C. (2012). Leadership roles and management func- tions in nursing (8th edition). Philadelphia, PA: Lippincott. Vazin, A., Zamani, Z., & Hatam, N. (2014). Frequency of medication er- rors in an emergency department of a large teaching hospital in southern Iran. Drug, Healthcare & Patient Safety, 6, 179-184. Wang, H., Jin, J., Feng, X., Huang, X., Zhu, L., Zhao, X., & Zhou, Q. (2015). Quality improvements in decreasing medication administration errors made by nursing staff in an academic medical center hospital: A trend analysis during the journey to Joint Commission International accreditation and in the post accreditation era. Therapeutics & Clinical Risk Management, 11, 393-406. Nouf Aldhafeeri earned his master’s degree with a focus on nursing administration from Indiana University of Pennsylvania. He is interested in workplace issues, bullying, and workplace culture. CHILD ABUSE An Overview for Mandated Reporters Mandated reporters need documented hours of child abuse education approved by the Pennsylvania Department of Public Welfare. Not offering 2.0 and 3.0 hour courses. "An Overview for Mandated Reporters" is an online program on how to identify and report child abuse. FREE to PSNA Members; $25 Non-members Earn your CNE today at ce.psna.org Issue 74, 1 2019 Pennsylvania Nurse 18