Pennsylvania Nurse 2019 Pennsylvania Nurse 74.1 - Page 16

Shaping the Future of Nursing Practice by Reducing Medication Error by Nouf Afit Aldhafeeri, MSN, RN King Saud Bin Abdul-Aziz University for Health Sciences, College of Nursing PhD Student 1.0 contact hour by Roqayah Alamatrouk, MSN, RN Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Damam PSNA is accredited as a provider of continuing nursing education by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation. The planners and author for this continuing education activity have declared they have no conflict of interest. Successful completion is reading the article and taking the post-test. Abstract Medication Error Medication errors are widely acknowledged and well- known as a significant problem causing serious ad- verse effects that may lead to death. There are many interrelated factors that lead to medication errors. Regardless of how they are made, medication errors can increase patients’ length of stay, leading to an increase in the cost of healthcare. For the safety of patients and the wholeness of healthcare systems, it is crucial that healthcare professionals work together to carefully assess, detect, and understand the nature and sources of medication errors. The purpose of this article is to assess healthcare professional and system failures that lead to medication errors and to suggest guidelines and prevention strategies to reduce their incidence. Medication errors are an alarming problem in health- care systems all over the world. Medication errors happen in almost all hospital departments. Many patients have experienced medication errors at least once (Anderson & Townsend, 2010). According to Kruer, Jarrell, and Latif (2014), medication errors, which are counted as common errors in health- care systems, impacted approximately 1.5 million patients. Medication errors cause serious adverse effects, which may lead to death. The Institute of Medicine (IoM) stated that medication errors cause almost 7,000 deaths yearly, becoming the eighth highest reason for death in the United States (Kruer et al., 2014). Moreover, according to Vazin, Zamani, and Hatam (2014), medication errors increase pa- tients’ length of stay, which leads to increased cost Issue 74, 1 2019 Pennsylvania Nurse 14