Peace & Stability Journal Volume 7, Issue 1 - Page 5

Introduction During my first six months assigned to PKSOI, the pace has been fast and furious. The PKSOI team continuously takes on a myriad of challenges impacting everything from Women Peace and Security (WPS), Protection of Civilians (POC) to how climate change will impact national and global security in the years to come. But, the one challenge of dealing with “migrants at sea” has been the most compelling to me. I had the unique honor this year to be asked by the Commander, Naval Supply Systems Command, to be a 2016 evaluator for the Sec- retary of the Navy 2016 Captain Edward F. Ney food service award program. I was truly humbled to get the opportunity to evaluate the Navy’s submarine force, also known as the nation’s “silent service.” In addition, I evaluated the small ashore food service operations. Ironically, a few of these evaluations took me to locations around the world where I saw firsthand the impact migration can have on peace, stability, protection of civilians, and the choice between life or death. I met a few migrants, who were going through the vetting and adminis- trative process at a migrant camp in the Mediterranean (Italy), and were willing to share their personal stories. By virtue of still being alive, their journey has been successful thus far, but thousands of migrants were less fortunate in 2016. I wanted to share my unique experience with others to highlight an ongoing and increasing operational and humanitarian challenge for the United States and international community, with the hope of finding a humane resolution to resolve this challenge and save lives. We have to better understand what influences migrants to make this life or death decision to take to the sea. What is the international community’s ethical responsibility to assist migrants at sea? Ethics at Sea runs deep, in that it is the moral responsibility of all mariners, both U.S. and international to assist other mariners stranded at sea. During my first Ney food service evaluation in October 2016, I was onboard an afloat unit moored at Souda Bay, Greece. By chance, the USS CARNEY (DDG 64), forward deployed to Rota, Spain, pulled in briefly to Souda for logistics support affording me the opportunity to meet with the ship’s Supply Officer LT James Conklin. The USS Carney aided in the rescue of 97 migrants in July 2016, and we discussed lessons learned from their heroic and courageous rescue. LT Conklin described the events of that day as the USS Carney encountered a migrant boat in distress and provided aid until the SOS Mediterranean (an independent European humanitarian association focusing on sea rescue) arrived to take the migrants to safety. Prior to the arrival of the SOS Mediterranean, the crew of the Carney was doing what Americans are most known for and that is providing assistance and compassion to save lives and make life through- out the world a little better. A drafted instruction and more information in reference to the CARNEY’s experience can be found by going to: Refugees & Internally Displaced Persons, and going to the PKSOI SOLLIMS Sampler table of contents and clicking on Annex B (PKSOI’s CDR King Visits USS Carney, page 54). My follow on travels took me to a location in the Mediterra- nean close to Augusta, Sicily,a port where numerous migrants have arrived dead and alive. Migrant maritime traffic has slowed for now due to the cold winter weather, but the above picture depicts a group of empty coffins le