Peace & Stability Journal Volume 7, Issue 1 - Page 30

Having international backing on the assertion that China’s claims are disproportionate is beneficial to the US and countries in the region. This newly founded legitimacy to the grievanc- es of the Philippines and other states does not afford an easy solution given the fragile nature of interactions in the South China Sea. Backing down, or losing focus on the South China Sea following this verdict would send the wrong message given that China has chosen to ignore The Hague’s ruling. First, the US should continue employing peaceful tactics that quietly stand up to China’s overbearing actions. This means that the US should continue Freedom of Navigation patrols and aerial patrols, all in the face of, or in spite of, harassment by China military or paramilitary (Maritime Militia) activity. This will demonstrate continuity and resolve in standing up for the basic international principles (UNCLOS) that China signed onto, and principles that the US stands for. Amanda Custer from Albu- querque, New Mexico, is a sophomore majoring in Inter- national Studies and Spanish at Dickinson College. Due to her interests in foreign policy and counterterrorism, she plans to concentrate in Secu- rity Studies. Amanda enjoyed exploring policy options for the United States in the South China Sea while interning at PKSOI. Following graduation, Amanda hopes to pursue a career in the intelligence field. Notes: Hunt, Katie. "South China Sea: Court rules in favor of Philip- pines over China." CNN, Turner Broadcasting System, 12 July 2016. Retrieved from: www.cnn.com/2016/07/12/asia/chi- Furthermore, based on these same principles, the US should na-philippines-south-china-sea/. Accessed 20 Sept. 2016. also expand military cooperation with the Philippines, Singa- 2 Houck, James W., "The Legal Challenges of Globalization: pore, Vietnam, and other smaller countries around the South A View From The Heartland: The United States, Chine, and China Sea. Two wildcards in this dispute going forward are the Freedom of Navigation In The South China Sea." Washington Philippines and Russia. The Philippines experienced a change University Global Studies Law Review 13, ( January 1, 2014): in leadership since they filed their claim with The Hague and 441-443. LexisNexis Academic: Law Reviews, EBSCOhost the announced ruling. The new president, Rodrigo Duterte, (accessed February 4, 2016). has critically changed the tone of communications between the 3 Ibid. 4 US and the Philippines in regards to the South China Sea and Pedrozo, Paul. "Close Encounters At Sea." Naval War College other foreign relations issues. In addition to making provocative Review 62, no. 3 (Summer 2009): 102. remarks about cutting ties with the US, he has expressed his de- 5 Houck, James W., "The Legal Challenges of Globalization: sire to ingratiate the Chinese and even the Russians. 9 If Russia’s A View From The Heartland: The United States, Chine, and interests were aligned with both the Philippines and China, the Freedom of Navigation In The South China Sea." Washington US would face even higher risks when challenging the contested University Global Studies Law Review 13, ( January 1, 2014): 441-443. LexisNexis Academic: Law Reviews, EBSCOhost sovereignty. This does not negate our other allies in the region, (accessed February 4, 2016). but it appears that relationships within the South China Sea 6 Cavas, Christopher P. "China’s Maritime Militia – Time to have shifted, and that the US will have to take this into account Call them Out?" Defense News, 18 Sept. 2016. Retrieved from: when making strategy for how to proceed. www.defensenews.com/articles/chinas-maritime-militia-time- to-call-them-out?utm_source=Sailthru&utm_medium=e- China’s escalating ambitions require close examination by the mail&utm_campaign=Military%20EBB%209-21-16&utm_ US in order to determine how to proceed. Encroachment on term=Editorial%20-%20Military%20-%20Early%20Bird%20 allies’ economic rights and freedom of the seas requires a set of Brief. Accessed 27 Sept. 2016. 7 correlating US regional and strategic policy given the level of Hamzah, B. A. "China and the freedom of navigation in the escalation the situation reaches. These US policies and actions, South China Sea." Korean Journal Of Defense Analysis 22, no. 2 ( June 2010): 235-247. Political Science Complete, EBSCO- perhaps with graded intensity and tempo, can address a range host (accessed September 20, 2016). of the scenarios that will play out over the time. The US must 8 Neill, Alexander. "The Submarines and Rivalries Underneath closely consider China’s interests and objectives in each poten- the South China Sea." BBC, 11 July 2016, www.bbc.com/news/ tial provocation and escalation, and define a strategy and action world-asia-36574590. that correlates to and mitigates any potential impact of China’s 9 CNBC. “Philippines’ Duterte says didn’t really mean ‘sep- actions. In this manner, the US can adapt and respond to the aration’ from US.” NBC Universal, 22 Oct. 2016, www. ever evolving climate in the South China Sea. cnbc.com/2016/10/22/philippines-duterte-says-didnt-real- ly-mean-separation-from-us.html. Accessed 24 Oct. 2016. 28 1