Ohio Farm Bureau Landowner Toolkit - Page 11

Dog Laws Requirements for all Dogs Every dog over three months of age must be licensed.152 Licensing is facilitated by the county auditor, who will issue a certificate of registration as well as a metal tag for each dog. Annual registration is required between the preceding December 1 and January 31 of each year. After January 31, the auditor is permitted to charge a late registration fee. Dog owners should ensure the dog’s registration tag is displayed and worn by the dog at all times, unless constantly confined to a registered kennel.153 Dogs should always be confined to their owner’s property or under the control of their owner, unless they are engaged in hunting and accompanied by their owner.154 If a dog owner fails to keep the dog either confined or under reasonable control of some person, the owner could be subject to a fine, ranging from $25-$100 plus any court costs.155 The courts may also order the dog owner to personally supervise the dog and/or the dog to complete obedience training.156 152 153 154 155 156 ORC 955.01(A)(1) ORC 955.10 ORC 955.22(C) ORC 955.99(E)(1) ORC 955.99(E)(2) Additional Requirements for Nuisance, Dangerous, or Vicious Dogs Any public official with the ability to enforce the dog laws can determine a dog to be a nuisance, dangerous or vicious dog.157 This includes a county dog warden or any local law enforcement. A dog’s behavioral determination can be appealed through the county or municipal court with jurisdiction, using the procedures in ORC 955.222.158 A nuisance dog is one which, without provocation and while off the premises of its owner, has chased or approached a person in either a menacing fashion or an apparent attitude of attack, or has attempted to bite or otherwise endanger any person.159 The owner of a nuisance dog has no additional obligations, but will be subject to harsher pe