NYU Black Renaissance Noire Spring 2015 - Page 160

Caliphate Colonialism— By CHINWEIZU The taproot of the trouble with Nigeria …Continued from Volume 14 Issue 2, Fall 2014, page 174 P art Three: Boko Haram as Caliphate agents — the evidence thus far How did Boko Haram originate? And what are its links to the Caliphate? A: Early history of Boko Haram: its origins and cooptation by powerful sponsors Excerpt from Olusegun Adeniyi, Power, Politics and Death, Lagos: Prestige, 2011, pp. 106-112. Olusegun Adeniyi was the media spokesperson for President Yar’ Adua, and his account is based on what the Yar’ Adua’s Presidency (Aso Rock) knew of the origins of Boko Haram. It can therefore be regarded as the official story of the rise of Boko Haram: L 158 ———————————————— q29) The history of the sect can easily be traced to 2002 with Muhammad Yusuf, a native of Jakusko in Yobe State, as its spiritual leader and founder. His rise from relative obscurity to prominence in the Salafi Islamic religious circle (Wahabites) derived from the fact that he was a close disciple of the BRN-SPRING-2015.indb 158 late Sheikh Jaafar Adam. So prominent was Yusuf within the sect that at a time he was regarded as heir to the pulpit at Muhammadu Ndimi Mosque in Maiduguri, where Jaafar Adam used to conduct annual tafsir in the month of Ramadan. With time, however, Yusuf began to introduce some unorthodox beliefs — including aversion to western education and a call for jihad to oust the secular status quo — within the Salafi circle. He also began what was considered a rigorous proselytizing campaign to capture impressionable minds, especially among the youth who frequented the mosque. Eventually, he had to part ways with his spiritual leader, Jaafar Adam and was sent packing from the Ndimi mosque by the mosque committee. He moved to Daggash mosque, where he continued the same teaching. His daring and scathing verbal attacks on the government portrayed Yusuf as a fiery and intrepid cleric and this obviously endeared him to the common people, who began to see him as a champion of the downtrodden. Members of the political elite in Maiduguri were, however, taking note, and Yusuf was considered no more than a nuisance. It was therefore no surprise that the 3/29/15 11:42 AM