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45 Los Angeles Sentinel September 8, 1938 at 3, September 15, 1938 at 1. 46 California Eagle September 22, 1938 at 7A, August 11, 1938 at 4B. Los Angeles Sentinel September 1, 1938 at 1, 47 Clinton Papers, Box 1, F30, Letter from Walter Gordon, Sr. to Clinton dated October 14, 1938. 48 In two districts with a heavy black population, Bowron received 12,078 and Shaw 10,428 in the 7th and Bowron 11,705 to Shaw’s 8,712 in the 8th. Caplan, The CIVIC Committee in the Recall of Mayor Frank Shaw 122-123. See also: Cline, “The Los Angeles Mayoralty Recall Election” at 1024. People’s World September 13, 1928 at 2. 49 California Eagle September 22, 1938 at 4B. 50 Sitton, Los Angeles Transformed at xi, 32-38. Minutes of the Board of Police Commissioners, November 9, 1938, November 18, 1938. Clinton Papers, Box 15, Scrap Book 14, 10/25/38 to 11/15/38 at at 20, 37; Box 15, Scrap Book 15, 11/15/38 to 12/7/38 at 2, 11. Los Angeles Sentinel September 22, 1938 at 1, September 29, 1938 at 1. People’s World September 19, 1938 at 1, September 24, 1938 at 2, September 26, 1938 at 1, September 29, 1938 at 1, California Eagle October 20, 1938 at 1. 51 Los Angeles Sentinel September 22, 1938 at 1. Clinton papers, Box 1, F25, Federation Minutes October 11, 1938 at 1, October 18, 1938 at 1. 52 Los Angeles Sentinel October 13, 1938 at 1, September 29, 1938 at 1, October 6, 1938 at 1. 53 California Eagle October 6, 1938 at 1B. 54 California Eagle December 8, 1938 at 4B; see also: October 6, 1938 at 4B, October 20, 1938 at 1, November 3, 1938 at 1, November 10, 1938 at 4B, November 17, 1938 at 4B, November 23, 1938 at 4B, December 1, 1938 at 1, 4B, December 15, 1938 at 1, 9B. Los Angeles Sentinel December 8, 1938 at 1. 55 James W. Ford, “Rally The Negro Masses For The Democratic Front”, The Communist March 1938 at 268; Ford, “Forging The Negro People‘s Sector Of The Democratic Front”, The Communist July 1938 at 615; Ford, “The Negro People March”, The Daily People’s World Magazine, August 13, 1938 at 5; Note the reviews of Ford’s book The Negro and the Democratic Front in Daily Worker November 20, 1938 at 1, 5, November 26, 1938 at 6. See also the Daily Worker January 1, 1938 at 4, March 9, 1938 at 3. Schomburg, National Negro Congress Records Part 1, Reel 13, Letter from John P. Davis to Lillian Jones February 24, 1938. 57 Schomburg, National Negro Congress Records, Part 1, Reel 13, Letter from John P. Davis to Lillian Jones May 23, 1938; Letter from John P. Davis to Lillian Jones April 19, 1938, Letter from Lillian Jones to John P. Davis May 17, 1938. 58 Schomburg, National Negro Congress Records, Part 1, Reel 13, Letters John P. Davis to Clarence Johnson April 27, 1938, Davis to Johnson May 2, 1938, Johnson to Davis May 19, 1938, Davis to Johnson July 7, 1938, Thom M. Hall, Executive Officer for the Administration to Clarence Johnson August 4, 1938, Johnson to Davis August 6, 1938. Los Angeles Sentinel August 11, 1938 at 1. California Eagle August 18, 1938 at 4B. 59 Schomburg, National Negro Congress Records, Part 1, Reel 13, Letter from Lillian Jones to John P. Davis January 26, 1938, Letter from Davis to Jones January 29, 1938, Letter Jones to Davis May 3, 1938, Letter from Jones to Davis May 17, 1938, Letter from Davis to Jones May 19, 1938, Letter from Davis to Jones May 23, 1938, Pamphlet “Housing” issued by L.A. Council National Negro Congress undated, Announcement of a mass meeting “People and Their Houses” set for May 20, 1938. California Eagle March 24, 1938 at 4B, March 31, 1938 at 4B, April 14, 1938 at 8, June 16, 1938 at 6. Los Angeles Sentinel July 7, 1938 at 1, July 21, 1938 at 1. 60 Schomburg, National Negro Congress Records, Part 1, Reel 10, Letter from John P. Davis to Lillian Jones December 28, 1938; Part 1, Reel 13, Letter from Lillian Jones to Davis December 26, 1938. Los Angeles Sentinel December 15, 1938 at 1, December 29, 1938 at 1. 61 Schomburg, National Negro Congress Records, Part 1, Reel 10, Letter from John P. Davis to Lillian Jones December 28, 1938. 62 Carey McWilliams, The Education of Carey McWilliams (Simon And Schuster, 1978) at 70. Cline, “The Los Angeles Mayoralty Recall Election” at 1024-1025. The Daily Worker October 9, 1938 at 2, October 10, 1938 at 1, November 10, 1938 at 1, 4, November 11, 1938 at 6, December 21, 1938 at 1. Los Angeles Sentinel November 3, 1938 at 1, November 17, 1938 at 2, November 22, 1938 at 1. California Eagle October `3, 1938 at 17, November 23, 1938 at 1, December 1, 1938 at 1. 63 William Z. Foster, “The Communist Party And The Professionals”, The Communist September 1938 at 809; “Review of the Month”, The Communist May 1938 at 402-403. Daily Worker January 14, 1938 at 3. 64 Ford, “Forging The Negro People’s Sector Of The Democratic Front”, at 622, William Schneiderman, “The Election Struggle in California”, The Communist, October 1938 at 919-926; “Review of the Month”, The Communist November 1938 at 1027. California Eagle June 9, 1938 at 5. People’s World June 25, 1938 at 1, August 9, 1938 at 2. Daily Worker November 11, 1938 at 1. 65 California Eagle June 30, 1938 at 1, July 28, 1938 at 2, December 1, 1938 at 9. Party Organizer June 1938 at 19. 66 Greg Hise, “Property Rights and Civil Rights: Loren Miller’s Quest for Open Housing”, unpublished work in progress (2014), at 70-71. Daniel Hurewitz, Bohemian Los Angeles (University of California Press, 2007). California Eagle April 28, 1938 at 8, May 2, 1940 at 9B. 67 Miller, The Petitioners at 335. Missouri ex rel. Gaines v. Canada (1938) 305 U.S. 337. John Anson Ford Papers, Box 76, Bindle on the Negro, F2 (1938). California Eagle April 14, 1938 at 2, September 1, 1938 at 1, September 8, 1938 at 1, September 15, 1938 at 1, December 8, 1938 at 4B, December 15, 1938 at 1, 9B. Los Angeles Sentinel September 8, 1938 at 1. 68 LMP, Box 21, F1, “Biographical Data: Loren Miller”, at 9-10. Los Angeles Sentinel July 7, 1938 at 2, July 28, 1938 at 1, August 4, 1938 at 5, August 25, 1938 at 1, August 28, 1938 at 1, September 22, 1938 at 1, October 6, 1938 at 1, October 13, 1938 at 7. California Eagle June 16, 1938 at 4B, June 23, 1938 at 3, July 21, 1938 at 9, August 11, 1938 at 9, September 1, 1938 at 1, September 8, 1938 at 4B, November 3, 1938 at 4B, November 10, 1938 at 1. People’s World July 1, 1938 at 2. 69 “On the Street”, California Eagle December 1, 1938 at 1. 70 Cline, “The Los Angeles Mayoralty Recall Election” at 1024-1025. Los Angeles Sentinel November 3, 1938 at 13, November 10, 1938 at 1, December 1, 1938 at 1, December 8, 1938 at 1, December 18, 1938 at 1. People’s World January 1, 1938 at 2, September 9, 1938 at 1. 71 California Eagle December 1, 1938 at 1. 72 “Review of the Month”, The Communist March, 1938 at 202. 73 California Eagle August 18, 1938 at 11, August 25, 1938 at 9. Susan Quinn, Furious Improvisation (Walker & Company, 2008) at 239-250. Daily Worker October 15, 1938 at 4, December 12, 1938 at 1. People’s World August 24, 1938 at 1. Robert Terrall, “How Dies Was Born”, New Masses December 27, 1938 at 16. 74 Nanc y Lynn Schwartz, The Hollywood Writer’s Wars (Alfred A. Knopf, 1982) at 135-139. California Eagle September 29, 1938 at 4B, October 27, 1938 at 4B. 75 Ailsby, The Third Reich Day by Day at 94-101. 76 Daily Worker December 26, 1938 at 1 and 4, November 23, 1938 at 5. Ilya Ehrenburg, Memoirs: 1921-1941 (The World Publishing Company, 1964) at 431-442. LMP, Box 21, F1, “Biographical Data: Loren Miller”, at 8. People’s World August 8, 1938 at 3, August 11, 1938 at 1. California Eagle December 8, 1938 at 1. BLACK RENAISSANCE NOIRE 44 Clinton Papers Box 1, F32, Clipping from the Highland Park Post Dispatch, September 9, 1938; Box 14, Scrap Book 12, 9/15/38 to 9/30/38 at 3; Box 14, Scrap Book 14, 8/1/38 to 9/1/38 Los Angeles Citizens Appeal, September 9, 1938 at 1. People’s World August 18, 1938 at 2, August 26, 1938 at 2, August 56 Schomburg, National Negro Congress Records, Part 1, Reel 13, Letter from Lillian Jones to John P. Davis January 26, 1938. 49 43 Clinton Papers, Box 1, F28, Bowron Campaign Pledge at 2. People’s World August 13, 1938 at 1, August 17, 1938 at 1, August 30, 1938 at 2, September 7, 1938 at 2, September 13, 1938 at 1.