NYU Black Renaissance Noire NYU Black Renaissance Noire V. 16.1 - Page 144

Contributors Stephon Alexander is a Professor of Physics at Brown University and the winner of the 2013 American Physical Society Bouchet Award. He is also a jazz musician and recently finished recording his first electronic jazz album with Erin Rioux. He lives in Providence, RI. Terry Blackhawk is the founder and Exe 7WFfRF&V7F VW&FbFWG&N( 266VB6FTWBƗFW&''G0&V7BWG2*֖662&w&6W'frfW"RWFW"V"W"&2bV26VFR&GbfV@֖6v7FFRVfW'6G&W72W66R'F7@&ֲ&W72#26VV7FVB'ǒV66f"FR6&F&SBFRG&VBB&6&W72#r6R2V&Ɨ6VBGv6&2G&f6W2g&FPחF2&FvWv&W72Bw&VFW7BG2*#0VFFrW6R&W72W"V2fRV&VBVW&W2FvW2BW&26VFr&&&&WfWr֖6vV'FW&ǒ&WfWrf&F&WfWr&&FW&G2'FgVFFvRFR4wVffB&BआW"W762fR&VVV&Ɨ6VB&WfWr&WgVRV֖ǒF66V76VFwVvR'G2W&`֖6vBFvW2g&FRFV6W'2bw&FW'06&&FfR6Rv2fƗ7Bf"FR#&W'VF&Rg&&B&W72f"( WBbFR'&F( ЦBFW"V2W"FW7BWG'6V7F2FRƖv@&WGvVVvR7FFRVfW'6G&W72#"6R6W'fW0FR&&BbFR766Fbw&FW'2Bw&Fp&w&2uB2fVFr&&BV&W"bFPtE2w&FW'2FR662Ɩ6RWFW"'&FWGFVFVBFR66WGb'G2B7&gG0FWG&BBFW"RVfW'6GR2FVvB@g&66VvRWr6&R2&fW76WW&V6W26VFRF&V7F"bFRWFW"v&66WFg&6766FRF&V7F"bFRW&2vW'Wr&v&6VFW"f"g&6'F7G2eT$*T54U*ԢbW6'W&r6WFg&6'F7@&W6FV6R7&7W6RVfW'6GWr&'&FW0&VV&W&W6VFVB'FRWFW"6FW"6V7Ff W&2vW'B2&VVVVB'FRwVvvVVФW6WVFRFTVf֖ǒ6֗76VB'&FWF7&VFRFRW&BB6FwVRFRFVWR6rfW"FR7BF'GV'2WFW"'&FW2W&FVB0Fw2B67VGW&W2BVW&W26w26VFpFRvFWW6WVbW&6'B&Vs"*s2BBFRvW'&FVRWr&6GBआ2v&2FRW&VB6V7F2bV&W"`W6WV2BvW&W26VFrFRWG&ƗFW6WVb'BBFRW6WVbFW&'BWr&6GFRfvrW6WVB'f&BVfW'6GFRW6WVbfR'G2W7F2vV2FPW6'W&r'BfVFF6WFg&6@FRGW7G&&brrR0&VVv&FVBFRfvrw&G2Bv&G3FR6&6W"v&BFRGv&fVFFW&Fw&BFRVFVB7FFW2*6WFg&6VFW W6vR&w&gVFrFRFVFvVBf FR'G2BfFF&W6FV7BFR6v&07GVFv&6FfRb2vVW24WBRF:Bv2V&W"bFRvGG2w&FW'2v&6@FRg&6V^( 2&W7G&VFW"FRF&V7Fb7B&6RF66GBFRFRc2R@G'VW"&ǒvv2vW&R6*fVFW'2bFRv&@7FvRW&f&6RvW'*&fB'G27FGWF&V6VBbVW&W2'2v&G2BfVw62F:B27VB&RFfW"FV6FW2W&f&֖r&V6&Fr7W&FrFV6rB&GV6r&w&26626W&6W2&627F&Vg&G2'G2fVVW2Ɩ'&&W2fW7Ff26fW&V6W2&FFVWf6W6WV2BvW&W2FǒBFW&Fǒ2&06VFRFRwVvRb6W36VV7FVBV2`RF:B6GƖvG2V&Ɨ6W'2#RBFW0N( Vw&BFR2vVW2R67F"7G&V&Ɨ6W"#"&*ƖwVG&6FV&Ɨ6VBGW&r0'F7B֖&W6FV7B( VfW'6FR֖6VFRFvP&&FVWg&6RR&V6&FVBFR7&F6ǒ66V@4BVW'B&&V6&G2rF:B0&VVfVGW&VBWB6WfW&F7VVF&W26VFpƖfR26R&GV6VB'2V&6'BFP%2F7VVF'&6R2FR6R&Fv&GV7F2#RBVW'B&FR7F'bfvR6WF6VG&'VWGFRƖG6EdB#&P&V6VFǒRV'2BvVFRv( B7FFVBf&WB&"Vf'fW"&ǒvF'W'#bࠣC ǖFRFL:2f&GV6W"F&V7F"'B7&F2@7W&F"f"W&F2B'B&w&27V6ƗpFR'G2B7VGW&W2bg&6BFRg&6F7&FRfVFW"b( ::&GV7F26R66fVFV@B6F&V7FVBFR&VƖfRF7VVF'fW7Ff67&vg&#bF#"6R2w&GFVf f&W2V&Ɩ6F26VFrv6f&W6WVФvVVBB7W&F'6B7&W"&V6V@f26VFRFRF7VVF'R'&vB&sFP'BbVfVGv&G2C֖U4g&6R#bFP&GV7Fc:w&GVFSFwVR&WGvVVvP6B6Vv"S"֖g&6RU4vW&'GVv#RBVFV&BvƗ76CRv&B&VFS"֖g&6RU4#&FF&V7FVB'FFv&6Rv2FR7W&F"bƖV67&BG&vw2'vFW"6W#2FRv&Bbg,:L:&0''Vǒ&V',:B2&V7BFV6r#"Wp&6GदVF2'FW"D&VVvFR&&B&6VBGG6'W&vv2FRӓVG2WR6Ф62V2fRV&VBFRvRFRv6wF7B&W7BW&6WG'#BUE%6Vv6&W2F6&WfWr&VB'&6&WfWr6WfR&WfWr&VGvV'FW&ǒBFRFvW0'&V&VBWG2vFW&rw&VBfRWG'WBVBVs7Vv&Bg&FR&66B6'BgW6R&P6FVbWG'B3cFVw&VW2b&6WG'ࠥvFW"v&F2BƗF666V6RB07&֖BVFRwW"2vVW24vW&RR2&7F6VBf"fW"fW"FV6FW2R2FVv@BT4r66BV&Ɨ6VB'F6W2f&W2VvW&227B&V6VB&FRBGW&W"7W'&V7FG&3ח7F26&B&W6FW2FF2f&R62f֖ǒ7F'2FW'GvVBvF&V֖W.( 22vfR27WW&"6W'BVFvR&&v'WF&FvW"2FW"B67V F ƗfrWr&6GW"7B&V6VB6W&F0Wr&6VFRFR7FFRVfW'6GbWr&BvW7F'W'r6BVfW'6G'&ǖ'&'&2vW'"W'6⓲ffRזW2GvW'66p7W&FVB'6&GFF5$TvW'6FW6pvW'W6WVW"v&76SFR6G6'B66WG2#vG7F6'F7G2766FbW6WVӰ''VW"vW'v7FFRVfW'6GB6VG&7VGW&FR6FF֖v6W6rW VW&W2w&W6w2&S:R :FF6;&6W"&2g&6SF76VBG66R'&v'W&r哰4DR67VGW&R6WF&vR䣲7FW'2BVf㰤'&vW'W"v&2FR6V7F2bFPW6WVbFW&'BƖ'&''F7B&6V7F㰤66RGF&泲VGv&B&VRfVFFFRfWr&WfWw2b6RbW"W&F2&PfVBFRWr&FW2'BW&667VGW&PvR'D7&F6BFR'&ǖ&6R&V6VfV@$FVw&VR67667GVFW2w&GVFrv7VЦVFRg&VFW"6VvRWr&6G76FPVf&VF7Ff7B&FvW"2V&W"`F67W26FV2f"7W7F&ƗG&'&22VW&GW2&fW76"bVvƗ6BvP7FFRVfW'6GR&V6VfVBFR&W6vRfVFFV֖VB'F7Bv&Bf"#R2w&vBWBB'B7&F2Rf&W&ǒ6W'fVB2'F7F26&FF B&RBFRWrfVFW&FVG&RWr&Bv26Vb7W&F"BFR6&W2w&vBW6WVЦbg&6W&67F'FWG&B22fP&VV&GV6VBFvFRBR2V&Ɨ6VB&0b2WG'B&V&62bW&67F'&W"BbFVӢ&VW222FW7BV&Ɩ6F6&R'&22f&W"'F7Bv&r&&ǒFP'BVBVFVW"v&26VFVB6WfW&&fFPB7FGWF6V7F2B2&VVW&FV@WFV6fVǒv&GvFR&V6VBvƖvB26W6FRW&F( FR7Vb'G3#RVFW'0#7B6VGW'W&6( v6FW&VB6vW&R6Pv2wVW7BV7GW&W"6R26&V6VfVBVW&W0v&G26VFr#R&W6vRfVFFf7V'G0fVw66RV&VB"bFVw&VRg&vR7FFPVfW'6GFWG&BcbG"7FWfV6&FWF&VBBVFFVB6VG&fVVP6VG32vVW2VfW'6Gb6Ɩf&&W72v6vFR&7F'766F&v&B2vV2VFFrvVW&F26FWV#B6w2bFRV7VrGVRVfW'6G&W72#FRWF&w&W2bw&VG2'VFG6WGFPB&6RF66GB#b27F'bFRg&VW2&W7G&B6VG'G2fVV@b6WF6VG&2vVW2( BFRF&G&VS@FR6VG'G22vVW2( Bv2V&Ɨ6V@'FRVfW'6Gb6Ɩf&&W72R26W'fVB267VFBf&W2F7VVF'f26VFpVW'B&FR7F'bfvR6WF6VG&2vVW2( B&GV6VBBF&V7FVB'2'FW"VWGFRƖG6B&VV6VBEdB#7W'&VFǒG"6&F2v&rvFRF:B&W&r^( 2fgGV'2FR2vVW0&6'G2fVVBF2V6R2FVg&F@v&֖&w&W72R26FV7B&fW76"BF6VfW'6G7W&F"f"FRFW&7FfRW6WV@FR6F&R67G'V7FVB&W'7VfW"6G4B2&v旦r6W&W2b66W'G2f"FRP6FƖ'&'bW6WV67VfW"6G6w62FRWF"b7VVBVGV6FइV&Vr6wW"W6R&W72#2DPԔT&2#bBFRf'F6֖rF( &VGF6VRg&6V6GW&Ɩ&2#W"v&2V&VB6&F&WfWr֕W626WFFF&WfWrBFRW&6R2V&W"bFPfg&6WG2֒rFvWGB2WF"bFV&2bWG'WF&w&BGvFWF&26R6VFFVBGvFvW26VFrFRw&VF'&VrFbl:&6vV&6Rb&6V6R2&VVFPWBW&VFRbFWG&B66R#Bv2vW"`FR&W7FvW2#"&W6vRV֖VB'F7Bv&B6P2FRfVFW"bGW2&W722r'&G6FRGW0&W72B6W'fVB2G2V&Ɨ6W"BVFF"g&s"F#R6R26&fW76"bVvƗ6VW&FBV7FW&֖6vVfW'6G6FԒद6W4&V2&fW76"VW&GW2g7G&VfW'6GvW&RRFVvBg&6W&6Bg&6ƗFW&GW&Rआ2V&Ɩ6F26VFRf&WGb'F6W2ƗFW&GW&PB7VGW&RR2FRWF"bw7FVvW3fƲG&F7BFR&FW7BG&FF#C2rखFFFR6VFFVBg&66WFFVBBg&6f62#BVFFVBGvfVW2bFP6V7FVBv&2bw7FVvW3FR&r6V#"BvFW"2vFW"#"vFVvVF''F7BגVFR6WF&VBvƶVBvFvG0#VF( 2WF&w&&fW76"4&V6V&Ɨ6VBW76VFFVB( 6W7VS&6'G0ƗFW&'vV&^( 6( 2֖6vv&GfWsWV"f"6FV&'&67GVFW2#RࠤRWFV&W'B֖W"2w&FW"WBBƗFW&'7Ff7Bआ26V7FVBV2VFFVB''7FV'FW"v2&VV6V@&6#b'vr&2&#RRv0GV7FVBFFRv6wFD2bfRR2FPWF"bWFrV"BR2V&BgFVFV&Ɩ2&F"&VR6"26RW"FW"W7G&F"6FR7V6f27FFW&f&6RBW"7WB'F7Bb֗VBwVFVWBg&V66W7G'6"v0&&g&6RBFfFW2W"FR&WGvVVW"7GVF0wVFVWRB֖֒d6Rw&GVFVBg&ЧFR 86R7W :&WW&RFW2&VW'G2WBFW2'G2L:6&Fg2&&FVWg&6RvF7V6G'BBFVFW"6W@FW6v6R27FW'2FVw&VRBRƖVB'G0g&FRVfW'6Gb&&FVW66R#W"v&2&VVW&FVBFW&Fǒ6Bw&W6w2&VBFRv&B6VFrvW7Bg&66W