North Texas Dentistry Volume 5 Issue 2 - Page 12

new product profile Livionex Dental Gel A Molecular Level Redesign with Game-Changing Results T by Tina Cauller oothpaste is such a basic part of our daily routines that we usually don’t think very much about it. Paste or gel, green, blue, white, sparkly or striped, it’s all about the same, with essentially the same ingredients. Water. Toothpaste is made up partly of water (20-40%) with a bit of flavoring and sweetener. Abrasives. Another 50% or so is some sort of abrasive designed to help remove plaque. Soap. Most garden-variety toothpastes contain sodium lauryl sulfate, the same detergent that gives your shampoo that nice foamy quality (consumers seem to associate that foaminess with “clean”). However, detergents like sodium lauryl sulfate can disrupt human cell membranes and can potentially damage the epidermis, organs, and immune system. Antimicrobials. Some brands have added triclosan to kill bacteria, although various studies have raised concerns about triclosan, including possible interference with hormone regulation, creating antibiotic resistance, and the potential to form a carcinogen when mixed with tap water. Because of these studies, the FDA is currently conducting a safety review of triclosan. A small amount of sodium fluoride or stannous fluoride (about 1,000 ppm) has been present in American toothpaste since the 1950s to fight decay. The ability of typical toothpaste to remove plaque is limited. Various studies have shown that regular brushing brings down the Plaque Index from about 4 on a 5-point scale to about 2, where it remains stable, despite regular brushing. Whatever the brand, we brush, we rinse, we spit – and then we go see our hygienist every so often to have the accumulation of tartar removed. Leave it to a Silicon Valley start-up to re-think the whole thing. “We examined the chemistry behind plaque formation,” notes Amit Goswamy of Livionex, Inc. “In high school science c \