New York By Rail 14th ed. - Page 88

100th Anniversary The U.S. Enters WWI Brooklyn Navy Yard and Commandant’s House provides insight into the Navy’s role in the Great War. It was a hub of activity during the run-up to World War I, employing 18,000 men and women to construct vessels ranging from major battleships to wooden submarine chasers. Guided tours include a dry dock in use since before the Civil War, the former Navy hospital campus and an interactive museum. Cradle of Aviation Museum in Garden City features a WWI gallery with early biplanes like a Curtiss JN-4 “Jenny,” a Thomas Morse S4C Scout fighter plane and a Breese Penguin non-flying trainer designed to give student pilots the feel of airplane controls at near-flying speeds, without the danger of actual flight. Seven other galleries of planes and spacecraft make this one of the world's most diverse aerospace collections. Old Rhinebeck Aerodrome in Rhinebeck, is a living museum of antique aviation, possessing one of the world’s largest collections of early aeroplanes as well as an array of early automobiles, motorcycles, engines and memorabilia spanning the period from 1900-1939. Airshows are offered on weekends from June to October, with Saturday shows featuring pioneer, World War I and Lindbergh-era aircraft, while Sunday’s show is a WWI spectacular complete with aerial dogfight and barnstorming aircraft. Hardy visitors may take their own biplane ride. The New York State Museum in Albany exhibit honoring the centennial, gathers iconic artifacts from museums, libraries and historical societies across the state to tell the story of New York State's outsized contribution to the American war effort. The exhibit includes a life-size recreation of a trench, ringed with barbed wire, of the sort used on the Western Front to face off against the enemy across a mine-filled no man’s land. A Spirit of Sacrifice: New York State in the First World War runs from April 2017 through June 2018. New York State Military Museum in Saratoga Springs focuses on the history of New York State's military forces, from the Revolutionary War to Desert Storm. Among the 10,000 artifacts housed in the Museum's historic armory are significant holdings relating to New York’s 27th Division in World War I and World War II and notable state military regiments such as the 7th (Silk Stocking Regiment), 69th (Fighting Irish), 71st and 369th (Harlem Hell fighters). National The United States Military Academy at West Point houses West Point Museum, the oldest and largest public collection of military artifacts in the western hemisphere. WWI is amply represented with exhibits that include the artillery piece that fired the first shot by the American Expeditionary Force, as well as armored vehicles, communications equipment and period uniforms. Visitors can also find exhibits on American Wars, History of the U.S. Army and History of Warfare. Photo by ornoth via flickr Chief Nurse Beatrice Mary MacDonald, wounded in action in 1917, is the first known woman to be awarded the Purple Heart. New York and New Yorkers played pivotal roles in "The Great War." One in ten of America's WWI military personnel hailed from New York, more than from any other state, and more than 13,000 New Yorkers died in service to their country during the conflict. From war diaries and weapons, to artwork, photographs and actual aerial “dogfights” enacted with period airplanes, exhibits and sites across New York shine a light on the state’s many roles in WWI. View of USS ARIZONA in 1916, taken from Manhattan Bridge on the East River in New York City, on its way back from sea trials. 86 | 2017 in new york: A yeAr of milestones National Purple Heart Hall of Honor in New Windsor inspires visitors with its stories of sacrifice and valor in conflicts from World War I through today. Exhibits chronicle the