Natura May- June 2014 - Page 30

Projeler/Projects: Doha B asra Körfezi kıyısındaki Doha, Katar’ın batısında yer alan ve büyük çoğunluğunu inşaat sektöründe çalışan yabancı uyruklu işçilerin oluşturduğu 500.000 nüfusa sahip bir kent. Monarşiyle yönetilen ülkede 2000 yılından bu yana yoğun bir inşaat çalışması devam ediyor. Şehrin büyük bir ticaret ve alışveriş merkezine dönüştürülüp Ortadoğu’da Dubai ile yarışır bir merkez olması planlanıyor. Yapımı halen devam eden yeni Doha Uluslararası Havaalanı Projesi (NDIA) de buna en iyi örnek. Projenin, tamamlandığında bölgenin en büyük havaalanı olarak Ortadoğu’nun yeni aktarma ve bakım merkezi olması bekleniyor. Katar’ın ulusal 2030 hedefleri doğrultusunda Msheireb Properties tarafından hayata geçirilmeye başlanan Msheireb Downtown Doha projesi, Körfez TASARIM, TAŞ CEPHESİ İLE DIŞ ÇEVRESİNE HEYKELSİ BİR SINIR ÇEKEREK, KAMUSAL MEYDANI VE BİTİŞİĞİNDEKİ KONUTLARI, ANA ARTER OLAN AL DIWAN’DAN AYIRIYOR. THE BUILDING’S DESIGN CREATES A SCULPTURAL BOUNDARY, PROTECTING THE PEDESTRIAN SQUARE TO THE EAST AND ADJACENT RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS FROM THE MAIN HIGHWAY, AL DIWAN ROAD. 30 NATURA • MAYIS - HAZİRAN 2014 / MAY - JUNE 2014 L ocated on the shores of the Persian Gulf, Doha, Qatar is a city with 500.000 inhabitants that importantly includes a wide range of foreign workers in the countries booming construction industry. Since 2000, there has been extensive construction activity in the country ruled by a monarchy intended to transform it into a modern state. Doha, competing with Dubai, is envisioned as a center of the Middle East as a commercial and a retail focal point for the region. New construction projects including the World Cup planned for 2022 and recent efforts such as the Doha International Airport currently under construction that is projected to be the largest airport of the region and a transfer center of the Middle East are indicative of this vision. Along with major infrastructural projects Doha is also intended to be a commercial and cultur al center. As a part of this planning the developers Msheireb Downtown Properties within the context of Qatar’s 2030 national objectives are developing the Msheireb Downtown Doha Project as one of the examples of the recent eco-cities trend in the Gulf countries. Foster + Partners’s Masdar City master plan for Abu Dhabi is especially a benchmark for an ecological urban center in the region funded by the state and is today drawing worldwide attention as it promises a city of zero carbon emission. Creating a new planned city instead of creating singular iconic buildings as landmarks as seen in Dubai is one of the newly developing urban approaches of today. Experiments such as Masdar and Msheireb Downtown as newly planned cities at different scales and functional properties are a key to solving the problem of ecologically sustainable urban growth. Msheireb Downtown aims to revive the city’s commercial district through