National Paranormal Society NPS FOCUS June 2016 - Page 66

properties. Chitin is defined as “biochemistry, a nitrogen containing polysaccharide, related chemically to cellulose that forms a semitransparent horny substance and is a principal constituent of the exoskeleton, or outer covering, of insects, crustaceans, and arachnids.” Visible light from camera flashes or invisible light from infrared sources can reflect off of the surfaces of the exoskeleton and depending on the shutter speeds of the camera, the reflection can either produce the round standard orb appearance (faster shutter speed) or an irregularly shaped light anomaly (longer shutter speed). Sometimes bugs will even appear as light streaks across the photograph.

There are other reasons light streaks and or trails that appear in photographs. Most of the time this is caused when the flash is used and the shutter is still open, if the camera is moved even slightly. It is more commonly known in the photography world as long exposure photography. This is when the shutter speed is slowed down allowing the camera to capture time. Because it tends to happen more in low light conditions, we’ll see it in pictures taken during paranormal investigations when the camera captures a light from a piece of equipment that ends up looking like a lightening streak. Sometimes these

lensing effect bends each wavelength a different amount.

When moisture is captured by a camera you see most of the light straight from a light source (the camera’s flash). You also see smaller amounts of light that went off at an angle but that got bent back towards the lens by the lensing effect. Since each wavelength bends light a different amount, the droplets that bend the light exactly towards the lens are in slightly different parts of the view for different colors. Each color in the orb corresponds to a different bending angle between the reflected light bounce from the flash and the photographer.

What's even more wonderful is that people evolved vision

streaks are white and sometimes they are colored – it all depends on what light source was captured. Light trails can be corrected by using a tripod, a camera with a timer and setting the shutter speed correctly. This way the camera is still during the picture capture and the shutter no long stays open longer than needed.

All too often people explain that the orbs the captured in photographs and videos are actually spirits because they are colored. Fortunately, science can easily explain this phenomenon very simply. When it comes to orbs created by moisture, the coloration is caused by white light which is mad(wavelengths) of light. Each wavelength interacts a little differently with the water droplet so the droplet's

Circle of Confusion