Mt. Cuba Center Research Report - Phlox for the Mid-Atlantic Region Mt. Cuba Center Phlox for the Mid-Atlantic Region - Page 16

POLLINATOR ATTRACTION P hlox is frequently listed as a great plant for attracting butterflies to the garden. Its funnel-shaped flower tubes are filled with the sugary nectar that butterflies feed on. However, Phlox paniculata, the species most utilized by butterflies, has been changed from its wild form to accommodate varied preferences in flower color and habit size. Throughout the process of developing those selections, little attention was paid to whether butterflies were still able to utilize the plants. In order to assess the ecological value of Phlox paniculata cultivars, Mt. Cuba Center enlisted both the help of citizen scientists as well as a graduate student at the University of Delaware. Mt. Cuba Center’s Pollinator Watch is a group of volunteers that monitor pollinator visitation in the trial garden in order to determine if any phlox species or selections are more preferred than others. With the ability to quantify which selections are most frequently visited by butterflies, Mt. Cuba Center can recommend to gardeners those plants that will attract and support the greatest number of pollinators in their own backyards. Best Phlox for Butterflies (539) This project was carried out over the second and third years of the trial in order to ensure consistent patterns of preference. Dedicated citizen scientists monitored the phlox trial in hour-long shifts and recorded the numbe Θ)½˜‰ΥΡΡ•Ι™±δΩ₯Ν₯Ρ́™½Θ•… Ν•±•Ρ₯½ΈΈ9Υ΅•Ι½Ύ͑₯™Ρ́ݕɔ)Α•Ι™½Ι΅•έ••­±δέ‘₯±”Ρ‘”Α‘±½ΰέ•Ι”₯Έ‰±½½΄ΈQ‘”™₯Ή…°)½ΥΉΡ́ݕɔΡ‘•Έ…Ω•Ι…•Α•ΘΑ±…ΉΠΝΌΡ‘…ЁΥ±Ρ₯Ω…Ίέ₯Ρ )™•έ•ΘΡ‘…Έ™₯Ω”Α±…ΉΡ́ݕɔΉ½Π‘₯Ν…‘Ω…ΉΡ…•Έ)Q‘”Ι•ΝΥ±Ρ́½˜Ρ‘₯́ݽɬΝ‘½άΡ‘…Ё‰ΥΡΡ•Ι™±₯•Μ₯Έ½Υȁ…Ι•„)½Ω•Ιέ‘•±΅₯ΉœΑΙ•™•ΘA‘±½ΰΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€)•…Ή„œΡΌ•Ω•Ιδ)½Ρ‘•ΘΥ±Ρ₯مȁ₯ΈΡ‘”ΡΙ₯…°Έ%Έ™…Π°έ‘•Έ…Ω•Ι…•Α•ΘΑ±…ΉΠ°()•…Ή„œΙ••₯Ω•€ΤΜδΩ₯Ν₯Ρ́½Ω•ΘΡ‘”ΡέΌ΅ε•…ȁΑ•Ι₯½°έ₯Ρ )Ρ‘”Ή•αЁ‘₯‘•ΝЁΥ±Ρ₯مȁ‰•₯Ήœ€1…Ω•±±”œ…Π€ΔΔ܁Ω₯Ν₯Ρ́Α•Θ)Α±…ΉΠΈQ‘”‘…ΙЁ½ΈΡ‘”Ι₯‘Ё‘•Ρ…₯±ΜΡ‘”‰•ΝЁΥ±Ρ₯Ω…Ί™½Θ)…ΡΡΙ…Ρ₯Ήœ‰ΥΡΡ•Ι™±₯•ΜΈ%ΉΡ•Ι•ΝΡ₯Ή±δ°Ν•Ω•Ι…°½˜Ρ‘”Ρ½ΐ΄)Α•Ι™½Ι΅₯ΉœΝ•±•Ρ₯½ΉΜ™Ι½΄„‘½ΙΡ₯Υ±ΡΥΙ…°Α•ΙΝΑ•Ρ₯Ω”)…Ι”…±ΝΌ…΅½ΉœΡ‘”΅½ΝЁΑΙ•™•ΙΙ•‰δ‰ΥΡΡ•Ι™±₯•ΜΈQ‘”)Ι•±…Ρ₯½ΉΝ‘₯ΐ‰•Ρέ••Έ‘½ΙΡ₯Υ±ΡΥΙ…°Α•Ι™½Ι΅…Ή”…Ή)Α½±±₯Ή…ѽȁ…ΡΡΙ…Ρ₯½Έ₯Μ°₯ΈΝ½΅”έ…εΜ°Ή½ΠΝΥΙΑΙ₯Ν₯ΉœΈ)QΙ…₯Ρ́ΝՍ …́™±½έ•ΘΑΙ½‘ՍΡ₯½Έ…Ή₯ΉΙ•…Ν•‰±½½΄)Ρ₯΅”ΑΙ½Ω₯‘”΅½Ι”½ΑΑ½ΙΡΥΉ₯Ρ₯•Μ™½ΘΑ½±±₯Ή…ѽȁΩ₯Ν₯ΡΜ°…Ή)‘•…Ρ‘₯•ΘΑ±…ΉΡ́…Ι”±₯­•±δ‰•Ρѕȁ…‰±”ΡΌΑΙ½‘Ս”™±½Ι…°)ɕ݅ɑ́ΝՍ …́ё”Ή•Ρ…ΘΈ)A½±±₯Ή…ѽȁ]…э Ω½±ΥΉΡ••ΘΙ•½Ι‘₯Ήœ‰ΥΡΡ•Ι™±δΩ₯Ν₯Ρ…Ρ₯½Έ(ΔΨ(ΔΈ$@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€)•…Ή„œ€¨( ΔΔά€€ΘΈ$@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€1…Ω•±±”œ€¨( ΔΔΨ€€ΜΈ$@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€)½‘Έ…Ή₯¬œ( ΔΐΤ€€ΠΈ$@Έƒ\…ΙΙ•Ή‘Ν₯€€ …‰ε™…”œ€¨( άΔ€€ΤΈ$@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€MΑ••1₯΅₯Π€ΠԜ( ΨΔ€€ΨΈ$@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€₯¬]•…Ω•Θœ€¨( Ψΐ€€άΈ$@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€ ±ΥΝ‘₯ΉœM‘½ΙΡέ½½œ( Τΰ€€ΰΈ$@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€QΙ…ηŠéQΙ•…ΝΥΙ”œ( ΤΨ€€δΈ$@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€Q‘…€A₯Ή¬)…‘”œ( ΤΤ€€ΔΐΈ%@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€…Ω₯“Šé1…Ω•Ή‘•Θœ( Τΐ€€ΔΔΈ%@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€I½‰•ΙЁA½½Ι”œ€¨( Πΰ€€ΔΘΈ%@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€1MLY₯Ή•ΉΠœ( ΠΤ€€ΔΜΈ%@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€M‘½ΙΡέ½½œ€¨( ΠΜ€€ΔΠΈ%@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€A…ΙΡδAΥΉ œ( ΠΜ€€ΔΤΈ%@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„€•±Ρ„MΉ½άœ€¨)Q‘₯́‘…ΙЁ͑½έ́ё”€ΔԁΥ±Ρ₯Ω…Ί΅½ΝЁ™Ι•ΕΥ•ΉΡ±δΩ₯Ν₯Ρ•‰δ‰ΥΡΡ•Ι™±₯•Μ₯Έ)5ΠΈ Υ‰„ •ΉΡ•ΛŠéΡΙ₯…°™Ι½΄€ΘΐΔΨ΄ΘΐΔάΈQ‘”ΉΥ΅‰•Θ½ΈΡ‘”±•™Π₯Ή‘₯…ѕ́ё”)Ρ½Ρ…°ΉΥ΅‰•Θ½˜‰ΥΡΡ•Ι™±δΩ₯Ν₯Ρ́Α•ΘΑ±…ΉΠ½‰Ν•ΙΩ•½Ω•ΘΡ‘…ЁΡέΌ΅ε•…ȁΑ•Ι₯½Έ)Q½ΐ΅Α•Ι™½Ι΅•Ί™Ι½΄„‘½ΙΡ₯Υ±ΡΥΙ…°Α•ΙΝΑ•Ρ₯Ω”…Ι”‘•Ή½Ρ•έ₯Ρ „…ΝΡ•Ι₯Ν¬€ ¨€Έ)]‘•ΈΝ•±•Ρ₯ΉœΑ±…ΉΡ́™½Θ‰ΥΡΡ•Ι™±δ…ΡΡΙ…Ρ₯½Έ°‰±½½΄Ρ₯΅”)₯́…Ή½Ρ‘•Θ₯΅Α½ΙΡ…ΉΠ…ΡΡΙ₯‰ΥΡ”ΡΌ½ΉΝ₯‘•ΘΈЁ5ΠΈ Υ‰„) •ΉΡ•Θ°΅½ΝЁ‰ΥΡΡ•Ι™±₯•Μ™₯ΙΝЁ…ΑΑ•…ȁ₯Έ•…Ι±δΡΌ΅₯΅)Υ±δΈ)Q‘₯́½₯Ή₯‘•Μέ₯Ρ Ρ‘”‰±½½΄Ρ₯΅”½˜΅…ΉδΝ•±•Ρ₯½ΉΜ½˜)A‘±½ΰΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„°έ‘₯ ₯́ݑδΡ‘•δ…Ι”Ι•…Ё‘½₯•Μ™½Θ)‰ΥΡΡ•Ι™±δ…Ι‘•ΉΜΈ!½έ•Ω•Θ°Ν½΅”Υ±Ρ₯Ω…Ί½˜@ΈΑ…Ή₯Υ±…Ρ„°)…́ݕ±°…͕ٕ́Ʌ°½Ρ‘•ΘΝΑ•₯•Μ½˜Α‘±½ΰ°‰±½½΄ΑΙ₯½ΘΡΌ))ձ丁Q‘•Ν”•…ɱ䁉±½½΅₯ΉœΑ‘±½ΰ…Ι”½™Ρ•Έ™₯Ή₯Ν‘•°½Θ…Π)±•…ΝЁΑ…ΝЁΑ•…¬°‰δΡ‘”Ρ₯΅”‰ΥΡΡ•Ι™±₯•Μ…ΙΙ₯Ω”…Ή…Ι”Ρ‘ΥΜ)Ή½ΠΡ‘”‰•ΝЁ‘½₯•Μ™½Θ…ΡΡΙ…Ρ₯Ήœ‰ΥΡΡ•Ι™±₯•ΜΈ)΅•Ι₯…Έ1…‘䁉ΥΡΡ•Ι™±δ