Tehran IRAN Afghanistan Iraq Saudi Arabia ABOUT Iran largely consists of high mountains and dry, desert-like basins. The Muslim country borders the Caspian Sea to the north and the Persian Gulf to the south. Tehran is located 1 500m above sea level. Iran has around 81 million inhabitants and is six times as big as Germany. VISA Request one with the consulate in advance, or directly when entering. CURRENCY Iranian Rial, exchange rate: 100 000 rial is around R29. It’s best to exchange currency at the airport upon entry as you will find the best exchange rates there. Important: bring your travel money in cash. As a result of the economic embargo you cannot withdraw cash in Iran and credit cards do not work. JOURNEY Direct flight from Johannesburg, with one connection, costs around R5 500. CAPITAL CITY Tehran, population: 14 million MOUNTAINS The Alborz mountain range extends throughout the north-western part of the country and makes up the southern border of the Caspian Sea. With a length of around 600km and a width of 60-130km, it offers several summits that are taller than 4 000m. Mount Damavand is of volcanic origin and is the tallest mountain in the Orient.