Military Review English Edition September-October 2014 - Page 82

have a moral obligation to facilitate as rapidly as possible the coming of an honorable and just peace, not just for the United States, but also throughout the world. While hastening the defeat of global terrorism and pursuing the goal of a just peace, leaders must analyze ethical decisions carefully, prudently, and with an eye to their second and third order effects on the final prize. Notes 1. Don M. Snider, “The Moral Corrosion within Our Military Professions,” Strategic Studies Institute, 27 November, 2012, http://www.strategicstudiesinstitute.army.mil/index.cfm/articles/ The-Moral-Corrosion-within-Our-Military-Professions/2012/11/27. 2. David J. Snowden and Mary E. Boone, “A Leader’s Framework for Decision Making,” Harvard Business Review (November 2007), http://sistemas.uniandes.edu.co/~isis4617/dokuwiki/lib/exe/fetch. php?media=principal:hbr-article.pdf. 3. David J. Snowden, “Introduction to the Cynefin Framework,” videorecording, Cognitive Edge Website, 29 October 2011, http://cognitive-edge.com/library/more/video/ introduction-to-the-cynefin-framework/. 4. “dubious,” Merriam-Webster.com, 2014. http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/dubious. 5. Snowden and Boone. Note that in 2013, the context (or domain) Snowden and Boone originally called simple was changed to obvious. 6. Snowden and Boone (2007). 7. Ibid. 8. Ibid. 9. A. Edward Major, “Law and Ethics in Command Decision-Making,” Military Review, May-June 2012, 62, http://c.ymcdn.com/sites/ www.leavenworthethicssymposium.org/resource/resmgr/2012_papers/major-law_and_ethics_in_comm.pdf. Within this passage, Major cites Alastair Macdonald, “Analysis: Bin Laden again unites, then divides, U.S. and Europe,” Reuters, 5 May 2011. 10. Ibid., 63. Within this passage, Major cites Philip Zelikow, “Legal Policy for a Twilight War,” Annual Lecture to the Houston Journal of International Law, 2007. 11. Snowden, “Introduction to the Cynefin Framework.” 12. Ibid. 13. Ibid. 14. Ibid. 15. Ibid. 16. Snowden and Boone. 17. Ibid. 18. Ibid. 19. Ibid. 20. Ibid. 21. Kirsten Lundberg, The Accidental Statesman: General Petraeus and the City of Mosul, Iraq (Cambridge, MA: John F. Kennedy School of Government, Case Program: 2006). 22. Dexter Filkins, “Fall of the Warrior King,” New York Times, 23 October 2005, http://www.nytimes.com/2005/10/23/magazine/23sassaman.html?pagewanted=all&_r=0. 23. Ibid. 24. David L. Anderson, Columbia Guide to the Vietnam War (New 80 York, NY: Columbia University Press, 2002), 75, http://site.ebrary.com/ lib/carl/Doc?id=10183508&ppg=95. 25. Ibid. 26. Dennis D. Wainstock, Decision to Drop the Atomic Bomb: Hiroshima and Nagasaki: August 1945 (New York, NY: Enigma Books, 2011), 164, http://site.ebrary.com/lib/carl/ Doc?id=10472064&ppg=177. 27. Ibid. 28. Ibid. 29. Tsuyoshi Hasegawa, Racing the Enemy: Stalin, Truman, and the Surrender of Japan (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005), 212, http://site.ebrary.com/lib/carl/Doc?id=10314266&ppg=212. 30. Wainstock, 166. 31. Ibid., 178. 32. Dr. Daniel M. Bell, Jr., “The Ethics of Vicarious Warfare: Debating Drones,” lecture given at the Fort Leavenworth Ethics Symposium, Fort Leavenworth, KS, 4 December, 2012. 33. Ibid. 34. Ibid. 35. Ibid. 36. Ibid. 37. Ibid. 38. Ibid. 39. Ibid. 40. Ibid. 41. Ibid. 42. Ibid. 43. Ibid. 44. Douglas A. Pryer, “The Rise of the Machines: Why Increasingly ‘Perfect’ Weapons Help Perpetuate our Wars and Endanger Our Nation,” Military Review, March-April 2013, http:// usacac.army.mil/CAC2/MilitaryReview/Archives/English/MilitaryReview_20130430_art005.pdf. 45. Ibid. 46. Ibid. 47. Ibid. 48. Ibid. See Pryer’s fifteenth end note, which cites “Pakistani Public Opinion Ever More Critical of U.S,” Pew Research Global Attitudes Project, 27 June 2012, http://www.pewglobal.org/2012/06/27/ pakistani-public-opinion-ever-more-critical-of-u-s/. 49. Pryer. 50. Ibid. See Pryer’s fifth end note, which cites The Bureau of Investigative Journalism, “Covert Drone War,” The Bureau of Investigative Journalism, 12 November 2012, http://www.thebureauinvestigates. com/category/projects/drones/. 51. Pryer. 52. Ibid. September-October 2014  MILITARY REVIEW