Military Review English Edition September-October 2014 - Page 25

PHYSICAL READINESS TRAINING Notes 1. Thomas C. Lowman, “Does Current Army Physical Fitness Training Doctrine Adequately Prepare Soldiers for War?” (master’s thesis, 2010, retrieved from Defense Technical Information Center online, www.dtic.mil, Accession Order No. ADA524239); Frederick M. O’Donnell, “Physical Training Programs in Light Infantry Units: Are They Preparing Soldiers for the Rigors of Combat?” (master’s thesis, 2001, retrieved from Defense Technical Information Center online, www.dtic.mil, Accession Order No. ADA397657); Michael D. Pemrick, “Physical Fitness and the 75th Ranger Regiment: The Components of Physical Fitness and the Ranger Mission” (master’s thesis, 1999, retrieved from Defense Technical Information Center online, www.dtic.mil, Accession Order No. ADA367762); James E. Batchelor, “The Applicability of the Army Physical Fitness Test in the Contemporary Operating Environment” (master’s thesis, 2008, retrieved from Defense Technical Information Center online, www. dtic.mil, Accession Order No. ADA483001). 2. Field Manual (FM) 7-22, Physical Readiness Training, (Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office [GPO], October 2012). For more information on the new APFT, see Lance M. Bacon, “When will we see the new PT test?”, Military Times (15 August 2012), http://www.militarytimes.com/article/20120815/ NEWS/208150328/When-will-we-see-new-PT-test-. In common Army usage, the term physical training (known as PT) is synonymous with PRT. 3. J.J. Knapik, K.G. Hauret, S. Arnold, M. Canham-Chervak, A.J. Mansfield, E.L. Hoedebecke, and D. McMillian, “Injury and Fitness Outcomes During Implementation of Physical Readiness Training,” International Journal of Sports Medicine 24(5)( July 2003): 372-381. 4. Army Regulation (AR) 350-1, Army Training and Leader Development (Washington, DC: U.S. GPO, 2010). 5. David Vergun, “Master Fitness Trainers Make a Comeback,” Official Homepage of the United States Army (10 September 2012), http://www.army.mil/article/87024. 6. Greg Glassman and staff, The CrossFit Training Guide , 2010, online at http://library.crossfit.com/free/pdf/CFJ_Seminars_TrainingGuide_012013-SDy.pdf. 7. See James G. Hay, The Biomechanics of Sports Techniques (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1993). 8. W. Larry Kenney, Jack H. Wilmore, David L. Costill, (2011) Physiology of Sport and Exercise, Fifth Edition (Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics Publishers, 2011). 9. FM 7-22. 10. Kenney, Wilmore, and Costill. 11. Santilla Matti, Keijo Häkkinen, Laura Karavirta, Heikki Kyröväinen, “Changes in Cardiovascular Performance During an 8-Week Military Basic Training Period Combined with Added Endurance or Strength Training,” Military Medicine, 173(12)(December 20 08):1173-79; W.J. Kraemer, J.D. Vescovi, J.S. Volek, B.C. Nindl, R.U. Newton, J.F. Patton, J.E. Dziados, D.N. French, K. Häkkinen, “Effects of Concurrent Resistance and Aerobic Training on Load-Bearing Performance and the Army Physical Fitness Test,” Military Medicine, 169(12)(December 2004): 994-99; A.G. Williams, M.P. Rayson, D.A. Jones, “Resistance Training and the Enhancement of the Gains in Material-Handling Ability and Physical Illness of MILITARY REVIEW  September-October 2014 British Army Recruits During Basic Training,” Ergonomics, 45(4) (2002): 267-79; A.G. Williams, M.P. Rayson, D.A. Jones, “Effects of Basic Training on Material Handling Ability and Physical Fitness of British Army Recruits,” Ergonomics, 42(8)(August 1999):1114-24; J.J. Knapik, “The Influence of Physical Fitness Training on the Manual Material Handling Capability of Women,” Applied Ergonomics, 28(5-6)(October-December 1997): 339-45; E.J. Marcinik, J.A. Hodgdon, J.J. O’Brien, K. Mittleman, “Fitness Changes of Naval Women Following Aerobic Based Programs Featuring Calisthenic or Circuit Weight Training Exercises,” European Journal of Applied Physiology and Occupational Physiology, 54(3)(1985):244-49. 12. K.M. Heinrich, V. Spencer, N. Fehl, W.S.C. Poston, “Mission Essential Fitness: Comparison of Functional Circuit Training to Traditional Army Physical Training for Active Duty Military,” Military Medicine, 177(10)(October 2012): l125-30. 13. Glassman. 14. Functional Movement Systems, “What is FMS?,” Functional Movement Systems.com, founded by Gray Cook, http://www. functionalmovement.com/fms. 15. F.G. O’Connor, P.A. Deuster, J. Davis, C.G. Pappas, J.J. Knapik, “Functional Movement Screening: Predicting Injuries in Officer Candidates,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(12)(December 2011): 2224–30; G. Cook, L. Burton L, and B. Hoogenboom, “Pre-Participation Screening: the Use of Fundamental Movements as an Assessment of Function - part 1,” North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 1(2)(May 2006): 62–72; G. Cook, L. Burton L, and B. Hoogenboom, “Pre-Participation Screening: the Use of Fundamental Movements as an Assessment of Function - part 2,” North American Journal of Sports Physical Therapy, 1(3)(August 2006):132–39; P. Lisman, F.G. O’Connor, P.A. Deuster, and J.J. Knapik, “Functional Movement Screen and Aerobic Fitness Predict Injuries in Military Training,” Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 45(4)(April 2013): 636–43; J.A. Onate, T. Dewey, R.O. Kollock, K.S. Thomas, B.L. Van Lunen, M. DeMaio, and S.I.Ringleb, “Real-Time Intersession and Interrater Reliability of the Functional Movement Screen,” The Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 26(2)(February 2012): 408–415. 16. USA Track & Field website, “Sport Performance Workshops – basic info,” http://www.usatf.org/groups/HighPerformance/ AthleteDevelopment/SportScience/WorkshopInfo.asp. 17. M.F. Bergeron, B.C. Nindl, P.A. Deuster, N. Baumgartner, S.F. Kane, W.J. Kraemer, L.R. Sexauer, W.R. Thompson, and F.G. O’Connor, “Consortium for Health and Military Performance and American College of Sports Medicine Consensus Paper on Extreme Conditioning Programs in Military Personnel,” Current Sports Medicine Reports, 10(6)(November-December 2011): 383-89. 18. Knapik, Hauret, et al, “Injury and Fitness Outcomes During Implementation of Physical Readiness Training.” 19. AR 350-1. 20. Lance M. Bacon, “Army Scraps Long-Awaited PT Test Update: Leaders Want New Test to Include Combat Readiness Events,” Army Times (27 August 2012), http:// www.armytimes.com/article/20120827/NEWS/208270341/ Army-scraps-long-awaited-PT-test-update. 23