Military Review English Edition November-December 2015 - Page 73

UAS THREAT technologies to enhance detection capabilities micromissile. The unhardened nature of smaller UAVs found in our fielded programs of record such as the makes the use of electromagnetic pulse tactics possible AN/MPQ-64 Sentinel radar. Preliminary results as well.14 from joint tests, as well as observations from exOther technologies to examine that possibly apply ercises, support retired Air Force Col. David M. to the C-UAS fight include Extended Area Protection Neuenswander’s conclusion that “effective C-UAS and Survivability, a science and technology program operations require the joint force to fuse air- and applicable for C-UAS comprised of miniaturized hitground-based sensors in a real-time common operto-kill interceptor technology, high-energy lasers, and ating picture, enabling the force to detect and engage the use of defensive swarms. threat UASs using lethal and nonlethal options.”10 Of course, an important issue for any future defeat Other materiel solutions for improving detection technology will be the consideration of the cost, as capability are being examined. More sensors available analyst Paul Scharre explains: for detection of the threat, as well as a greater variety of It is not enough merely to find a way to destroy sensor capabilities provided by the joint force, increases an enemy’s drone; it must be done in a cost-efoverall situational awareness of the warfighter. Lessons fective manner. If taking out a $1,000 enemy learned from the Israeli C-UAS experience illustrate drone requires a $1 million missile, then every this point: drone shot down is a win for the enemy because The UAVs pose several challenges…, one it imposes tremendous costs on the defender.15 of the most important of which is the process of identification and classification. To deal with this problem, the IAF [Israeli Air Force] uses a larger number of detection and identification systems, both radar-guided and optical.11 Services must modernize their airand-missile defense capabilities and examine other materiel solutions to address the growing threat. The Department of Defense is taking a proactive approach with the military acquisition Milestone A decision to develop the Army’s Indirect Fire Protection Capability (IFPC), Increment 2-Intercept (IFPC Inc 2-I) capability.12 IFPC Inc-2I is a mobile groundbased weapon system, slated to replace the Avenger system. IFPC is designed to acquire, track, engage, and defeat multiple threats, to include UASs. It can provide 360-degree protection and will simultaneously engage threats arriving from different directions.13 Additionally, C-UAS defeat is not just achieved by options on the ground. Traditional electronic warfare will play a role, along with kinetic alternatives such (Photo by 1st Lt. Lee-Ann Craig, 2nd Battalion, 44th Air Defense Artillery Regiment) as proximity fragmented explosive devices Soldiers from Battery A, 2nd Battalion, 44th Air Defense Artillery Regiment, 101st carried by systems like Spike or United States Sustainment Brigade, 101st Airborne Division (Air Assault), load ammunition into a Special Operations Command’s Switchblade Land-Based Phalanx Weapon System 18 December 2013, Fort Sill, Oklahoma. MILITARY REVIEW  November-December 2015 67