Military Review English Edition November-December 2015 - Page 55

CAVALRY operate as decentralized elements. They should be trained, experts of fieldcraft and concealability, drawing equipped, and empowered for detachment at the platoon, upon—as opposed to merely hand-waving—the squad, and team levels, in keeping with the Army’s vision lessons of Iraq and Afghanistan in order to confor Force 2025 and future asymmetric warfare settings. duct deceptive infiltration and exfiltration when We must accomplish this for the simple reason that rising attached to infantry units conducting operations hybrid and swarming such as cordon and threats call for a pursearch. These teams pose-built response. would then be vastly As future enemies more effective when become increasingly paired with emerging urban, networked, technologies. and dispersed, we Force 2025 demust evaluate how our scribes science and cavalry squadrons will technology—particcontinue to provide ularly commercial maximum value to the off-the-shelf—as Army. One must conintegral to the future sider that think tanks, of warfare. This bodes military blogs, and our well for our cavalry Army’s strategic vision squadrons because, as for Force 2025 have all the Army’s reconnais(Artist’s concept courtesy of DARPA) highlighted the imporsance professionals, An artist’s concept of the new Ground-X Vehicle (GXV-T). tance of special operations they are uniquely pocapabilities and decentralization. To this end, we have sitioned to push for these capabilities and not simply to an untapped asset in the form of cavalry scouts and the wait and see what technologies develop elsewhere and light cavalry squadron, especially given that “an asympercolate down. Cheap and ubiquitous sensors could metric enemy requires scouts capable of conducting revolutionize the use of light cavalry as the sensors reconnaissance dismounted in small teams [italics added] greatly expand potential reconnaissance and surveilto be effective.”11 lance depth and coverage area, especially when paired Modular requirements necessitate unbinding with a structure of small, decentralized scout units. cavalry. When detached from their parent squadron Such teams would be equipped and trained and working within infantry formations, small scout to employ currently available sensors, such as the teams with enhanced training and technical capaClose-Access Target Reconnaissance system and the bilities could act as information nodes in an urban Unattended Ground Sensor system.13 These are devices operational area, providing updated data and targetthat enable audio and visual tagging, tracking, and ing information through close-access reconnaissance locating of targets—particularly, though not exclusiveand surveillance. These teams could either work in a ly, in urban settings—and easily, and comparatively reconnaissance and surveillance capacity as “hunters,” cheaply, increase information-gathering capabilities supporting infantry “killers,” or they could fulfill a for the entire combat formation. Teams would also security function similar to the successful small-unit be equipped with currently available mobile target kill team methodology of OIF, where small ambush acquisition systems, such as the VECTOR rangefinder teams targeted improvised explosive device emplacebinoculars that, when paired with a Global Positioning ment cells within urban areas and along main supply System receiver, allow the operator to generate tarroutes.12 Whether actively or passively employed, get-location grids as accurately as, and with much these decentralized teams would be professionalized greater freedom of employment than, a massive, unthrough schools, such as the Reconnaissance and wieldy Long-Range Advance Scout Surveillance System Surveillance Leaders Course. They could become (LRAS3), at ranges common to urban environments.14 MILITARY REVIEW  November-December 2015 49