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Notes 1. “The king is dead, long live the king!” MedLibrary.org website, accessed 24 September 2015, http://medlibrary.org/ medwiki/The_king_is_dead,_long_live_the_king! 2. Bernard Cecil Cohen, The Press and Foreign Policy (Princeton, NJ: Princeton University Press, 1963), 13. 3. Maxwell E. McCombs and Donald L. Shaw, “The Agenda-Setting Function of Mass Media,” Public Opinion Quarterly 36(2) (1972): 174, doi:10.1086/267990, provides the first instance of such studies; for more examples see Maxwell E. McCombs, Setting the Agenda: The Mass Media and Public Opinion, 2nd ed. (Malden, MA: Polity, 2014). 4. Maxwell McCombs, Juan Pablo Llamas, Esteban Lopez-Escobar, and Federico Rey, “Candidate Images in Spanish Elections: Second-Level Agenda-Setting Effects,” Journalism & Mass Communication Quarterly 74(4) (1997): 703-717. 5. Donald L. Shaw, Bradley J. Hamm, and Thomas Terry, “Vertical vs. Horizontal Media: Using Agenda-Setting and Audience Agenda-Melding to Create Public Information Strategies in the Emerging Papyrus Society,” Military Review 86(6) (2006): 13–25. 6. The Pew Research Center, Trends in News Consumption: 1991-2012: In Changing News Landscape, Even Television Is Vulnerable, 27 September 2012, accessed 8 September 2015, http://www.people-press.org/files/legacy-pdf/2012%20 News%20Consumption%20Report.pdf. 7. Office of the Deputy Assistant Secretary of Defense (Military Community and Family Policy), 2013 Demographics Profile of the Military Community, 2014, accessed 8 September 2015, http://download.militaryonesource.mil/12038/MOS/Reports/2013-Demographics-Report.pdf. 8. Newzulu, “About Us,” news website, accessed 8 September 2015, http://www.newzulu.com/en/about-us.html. 9. Chris Cillizza, “How the Seating Chart of the White House Press Room Has Changed, in 1 Cool Graphic,” The Fix, Washington Post blog, 25 March 2015, accessed 8 September 2015, http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/the-fix/ wp/2015/03/25/how-the-seating-chart-of-the-white-housepress-room-has-changed-in-1-cool-graphic/. 10. Donald L. Shaw, The Rise and Fall of American Mass Media: Roles of Technology and Leadership 2 (Bloomington, IN: Roy W. Howard Project, School of Journalism, Indiana University, 1991). 11. Thomas C. Terry, Donald L. Shaw, Brooke Ericson, and Sherine El-Toukhy, “Still Haunts Our Apprehensions—A Fourth, Micro Level of Agenda Setting: Nouns, Adjectives, Affect Residues, and Agenda Triggers through Newspaper Descriptions of Dale Earnhardt, Sr.” (unpublished manuscript). 12. Figure 3 adapted from Maxwell E. McCombs, Donald L. Shaw, and David H. Weaver, “New Directions in Agenda-Setting Theory and Research,” Mass Communication and Society 17(6) (2 November 2014): 781–802, doi:10.1080/15205436.2014.9 64871. 13. Ibid. 14. George Orwell, Nineteen Eighty-Four (London: Secker and Warburg, 1949). 28 15. McCombs and Shaw, “The Agenda-Setting Function of Mass Media.” 16. Ibid., and McCombs, Setting the Agenda: Mass Media and Public Opinion. 17. McCombs and Shaw, “The Agenda-Setting Function of Mass Media,” and McCombs, Setting the Agenda: Mass Media and Public Opinion. 18. Hamid Mowlana, “Technology versus Tradition: Communication in the Iranian Revolution,” Journal of Communication 29(3) (September 1979): 107–12, doi:10.1111/j.1460-2466.1979.tb01718.x. 19. Annabelle Sreberny-Mohammadi, “Small Media for a Big Revolution: Iran,” International Journal of Politics, Culture and Society 3(3) (March 1990): 344, doi:10.1007/BF01384966. 20. Mowlana, “Technology versus Tradition.” 21. Bigan Kimiachi, “History and Development of Broadcasting in Iran,” (unpublished PhD dissertation, Bowling Green State University). 22. Daniel P. Ritter and Alexander H. Trechsel, “Revolutionary Cells: On the Role of Texts, Tweets, and Status Updates in Nonviolent Revolutions,” paper presented at the conference on Internet, Voting, and Democracy, Laguna Beach, CA, 2011, accessed 8 September 2015, http://www.democracy.uci.edu/files/ docs/conferences/2011/Ritter_Trechsel_Laguna_Beach_2011_ final.pdf. 23. Majid Tehranian, “Communication and Revolution in Iran: The Passing of a Paradigm,” Iranian Studies 13(1–4) ( January 1980): 21, doi:10.1080/00210868008701563. 24. Ahmad Ashraf and Ali Banuazizi, “The State, Classes and Modes of Mobilization in the Iranian Revolution,” State, Culture, and Society 1(3) (1985): 7. 25. “Reaction to Iran Deaths,” Washington Post, 13 January 1978. 26. Jonathan Randal, “Iranian Protesters Shout ‘Death to Shah’; Demonstrators Again Disobey Curfew in Iran,” Washington Post, 8 December 1978, http://www.lexisnexis.com/ lnacui2api/api/version1/getDocCui?oc=00240&hnsd=f&hgn=t&lni=3S8G-C2R0-0009-N41W&hns=t&perma=true&hv=t&hl=t&csi=270944%2C270077%2C11059%2C8411& secondRedirectIndicator=true (access requires subscription to LexisNexis). 27. Tehranian, “Communication and Revolution in Iran,” 22. 28. Narges Bajoghli, “How Iran Is Trying to Win Back the Youth,” The Guardian website, 20 July 2015, Iran section, accessed 8 September 2015, http:// www.theguardian.com/world/iran-blog/2015/jul/20/ iran-military-goes-hip-hop-for-youth-appeal-amir-tataloo. 29. Seth Mnookin, Hard News: Twenty-One Brutal Months at The New York Times and How They Changed the American Media (New York: Random House Trade Paperbacks, 2005), 22. 30. Dave Evans, Social Media Marketing: An Hour a Day, 2nd ed. (Indianapolis: Wiley, 2012); Dan Zarrella, The Social Media Marketing Book (Sebastopol, CA: O’Reilly, 2010); Pierre R. Berthon et al., “Marketing Meets Web 2.0, Social Media, and Creative Consumers: Implications for International Marketing Strategy,” Business Horizons 55(3) (May 2012): 261–71. November-December 2015  MILITARY REVIEW