Military Review English Edition November-December 2015 - Page 139

BOOK REVIEWS wealth of information regarding orders of battle and lists of key individuals. Of particular note in this chapter is a description of how Gen. George C. Marshall Jr. groomed selected officers during the interwar years for significant future assignments. The information provided in this chapter offers a broad context of the overall condition of the Army leading up to the Battle of the Bulge. In the subsequent chapters, Morelock provides insightful details and battlefield leadership analysis of six general officers who led large Army formations in late 1944. Morelock begins with Gen. Dwight D. Eisenhower, the supreme commander, Allied Expeditionary Force; then it continues with Lt. Gen. Omar N. Bradley and the 12th Army Group, to provide significant understanding into strategic-level leadership. There are several references to the influential leadership of then Chief of Staff of the Army Gen. Marshall on these individuals. The author continues with his review of Lt. Gen. William H. Simpson and the Ninth Army; Maj. Gen. Troy H. Middleton’s VIII Corps; Maj. Gen. Alan W. Jones, commander, 106th Infantry Division; and Brig. Gen. Bruce C. Clarke, commander, Combat Command B. In each account of these general officers, the author brings to light their strengths and weakness as commanders by reflecting on their prewar experiences and their actions during the Army’s toughest battle of the war. The strongest point Morelock brings in the conclusion of his book is, “strength of character is the common denominator shared by successful leaders.” Gen. Eisenhower’s character trait of being a team player strongly influenced his success in leading a wartime coalition. His leadership by consensus is a significant example for all future coalition leaders. Lt. Gen. Simpson’s unselfish leadership, Maj. Gen. Middleton’s calm leadership, and Brig. Gen. Clarke’s self-confidence are more examples of successful senior-level military leadership traits illuminated in this book. Morelock also provides honest examples of flaws and weaknesses in leadership at the most senior levels. The author’s balance of examining these officers’ successes and failures provides a far-reaching examination of senior Army leadership that is [