Military Review English Edition November-December 2015 - Page 10

(Photo by Alexander Zemlianichenko, Associated Press) Ukraine’s opposition leader, Viktor Yushchenko, addresses a crowd of more than ten thousand people 22 November 2004 in Kiev’s Independence Square, accusing government officials of falsifying election results. Yushchenko's followers adopted the color orange as a symbol of the mass movement opposing the legitimacy of the elected government. The use of bright colors as a symbol of rebellion by other popular movements employing civil disobedience as a principal tactic gave rise to the term “color revolution.” The Urban Individual Unassailable Source of Power in Twenty-First Century Armed Conflicts 1st Place, 2015 DePuy Contest Winner Lt. Col. Erik A. Claessen, Belgian Army A fter the battle of Borodino in September 1812, Napoleon marched on Moscow. In this time of crisis, most generals urged Field Marshal Mikhail Kutuzov to defend the city at all cost. Kutuzov refused because “the very act of giving up Moscow will prepare us to defeat our enemy. As long as the army exists and is capable of resisting the enemy, we are safe in 8 the hope that the war will conclude happily; but when the army is destroyed, Moscow and Russia will perish. I order the retreat!”1 Upon that command, the citizens evacuated the city and set it on fire. War is an act of violence to compel the enemy to do our will by rendering the enemy powerless.2 Therefore, the sources of power are of the utmost importance. Every November-December 2015  MILITARY REVIEW