Military Review English Edition March-April 2016 - Page 76

This chronic heat exposure could compromise male fertility. However, the contribution from the male partner to infertile heterosexual couples is often difficult to identify without comprehensive clinical workups, and few studies have been conducted on infertility in male soldiers.25 Consequently, the extent to which military activities cause male infertility remains unknown. Conclusion We started with a U.S. Army of men, perhaps because they were available and the women were already busy with other work. It is not clear that men would have been allowed into a women’s Army, when some of the physiological differences and vulnerabilities of men are considered. The point is that there are challenges and advantages for both men and women, and we should call attention to some of these male-specific health and performance issues in just the same way we have identified issues for women. Unquestionably, it is time to stop searching for what women cannot do and to focus instead on how to get the best performance out of all soldiers, both men and women. In this manner, we can transform military culture to accept the greater effectiveness that comes with diversity. Col. Karl Friedl, U.S. Army, retired, is a fellow in the Knowledge Preservation Program, Oak Ridge Institute for Research and Education, and an adjunct professor of Neurology, University of California at San Francisco. He holds a BA, an MA, and a PhD from the University of California, Santa Barbara. During his thirty-year career, Friedl’s assignments included conducting physiology research at Madigan Army Medical Center, directing the Military Operational Medicine Research Program at the U.S. Army Medical Research and Materiel Command, commanding the U.S. Army Research Institute of Environmental Medicine, and directing the Telemedicine and Advanced Technology Research Center. Notes 1. “Dr. Mary Edwards Walker,” National Library of Medicine website, accessed 13 January 2016, https://www.nlm.nih.gov/changingthefaceofmedicine/physicians/biography_325.html. Mary Edwards Walker is the only woman to have received a Medal of Honor, presented for her service as a civilian contracted surgeon during the American Civil War. 2. Karl E. Friedl, “Biomedical Research on Health and Performance of Military Women: Accomplishments of the 1994 Defense Women’s Health Research Program (DWHRP),” Journal of Women’s Health 14(9) (December 2005): 764–802. 3. Claire C. Gordon et al., “1988 Anthropometric Survey of U.S. Army Personnel: Methods and Summary Statistics,” technical report, Anthropology Research Project, Inc., September 1989, accessed 13 November 2015, http://www.dtic.mil/cgi-bin/GetTRDoc?AD=ADA225094&Location=U2&doc=GetTRDoc.pdf. 4. Friedl, “Biomedical Research.” 5. Claire C. Gordon and Karl E. Friedl, “Anthro