Military Review English Edition March-April 2016 - Page 75

BIASES readiness of men more effectively than it measures the readiness of women. admitting men to all Army occupations, it is possible that the Army would bar them from service entirely. Frontal Lobe Development and Self-Control Hormones and Mood Young men engage in reckless and antisocial behaviors more often than women do. If more men were introduced into a women’s Army, these behaviors could cause numerous problems from misconduct, alcohol and other substance abuse, suicide, and uncontrolled aggression—such as sexual aggression and even misconduct in war. These would be issues of great concern. They likely would be the focus of study to develop behavioral screening techniques for use at recruitment stations and behavioral training for use during initial entry training.18 If including men in a women’s Army were considered important, brain and behavioral maturation in teen boys could even become the focus of national attention, as the question of suitable future recruits could be construed as a national security issue.19 Arguments that impulsive, aggressive, or risk-taking behaviors make great warriors need to distinguish between unrepressed response and carefully measured action. Research needs to consider how men and women perform under the demands of a variety of situations. For example, in one experiment of soldiers standing watch, men and women began to fatigue from their continued vigilance activities after about two hours, Y