Military Review English Edition March-April 2016 - Page 66

identifying and mitigating sources of instability. This training allows CA to be much more palatable to a U.S. ambassador because it provides a solution that is not traditional and, moreover, directly assists the ambassador in gaining access for governance programs. When the National Security Strategy seeks to apply the skills of our military, diplomats, and development experts in order to prevent the emergence of conflict, the Army has already (Photo by Master Sgt. Dawn M. Price, U.S. Air Force) Capt. Jill Lynn, a veterinarian assigned to the 402nd Civil Affairs Battalion Functional Specialty Team, Comequipped CA to bridge bined Joint Task Force–Horn of Africa (CJTF–HOA), conducts an examination of a donkey 6 June 2011 all three domains through during a veterinary civic action project in the rural village of Kagamongole, Uganda. The visit occurred human interaction.20 during the first of a three-phase veterinary civic action program sponsored through the collaborative efforts of CJTF–HOA, the Ugandan government, and the U.S. Embassy in Uganda. CA soldiers do not have to confine their activities 5. Conduct activities by, with, and through host-nato permissive or semipermissive areas. As a component of tion authorities, USG partners, intergovernmental SOF, CA soldiers receive survivability and force protecorganizations, and NGOs, private entities, or intertion training consistent with SOF standards. Each memnational military partners to deny support to violent ber of a CA team, deployed on a CMSE, goes through a extremist organizations or networks. full pre-mission training that includes survival, evasion, 6. Increase USSOCOM, GCC, TSOC, U.S. counresistance, and escape; force protection; and countertry team, and USG situational awareness. Provide surveillance; as well as other regionally specific training. understanding of key areas and populations to enEach team has an organic medic, allowing them to survive able future operations planning through civil inforinjury in hostile or denied areas for short periods of time.21 mation management.18 Since 2006, CA soldiers have conducted CMSE opCA is a component of Army SOF, and is specifically erations in over twenty countries that can be categorized tasked by Title X to enhance the relationship beas either undergoverned or containing regions that lack tween military forces and civil authorities, coordinate central governance.22 Theoretically, the CME program with government agencies, and, if needed, apply the is a doctrinal and policy solution to achieve SOF and functional specialty skills that normally would be the national objectives in undergoverned regions. In addition responsibility of civil government to enhance the conto CA’s Title X directives, the CA regiment’s doctrinal duct of civil-military operations.19 The CME program, tasks of civil reconnaissance, civil information managecombined with congressional direction, highlights that ment, and support to civil administration allow them to CA forces have the license to be a primary role player become the solution for a force that requires a diplomatfor regionally aligned force commanders. ic soldier, capable of operating in a politically sensitive CA soldiers receive education in language, cultural environment with a small footprint.23 analysis, vulnerability assessment, mediation, and interAll active-duty CA soldiers share SOF as their agency collaboration. Where a typical soldier focuses branch proponent. However, CA soldiers who are on defeating an enemy, CA soldiers train and focus on assigned to the 95th CA Brigade support SOCOM and 64 March-April 2016  MILITARY REVIEW