Military Review English Edition March-April 2016 - Page 64

be replicated by FORSCOM and the geographic combatant commanders (GCCs). the U.S. government reevaluate the role of development assistance. While the United States tends to emphasize security cooperation and military assistance in dealing Military Operations in with the security problems that undergoverned territories Undergoverned Areas generate, the DOD should also strive to extend the reach Security cooperation and support to governance are of government into the targeted regions. not new Army concepts. In 1961, the secretary of the A second recommendation made by the study is to Army tasked Brig. Gen. Richard G. Stillwell to study promote competent government practices.8 Providing activities in underdeveloped countries short of declared expert advice to officials on how to coordinate their war. The study’s focus was how the U.S. government actions across departments and minimize bureaucratic should support political stability, conduct paramilitary competition is an important step in strengthening pubactivities in support of counterinsurgency, and conduct lic-sector capabilities. Joint doctrine also outlines nation foreign internal defense (FID) in underdeveloped areas. assistance and humanitarian-civic actions as tasks that Stillwell concluded that, in an environment possessing strengthen public-sector capabilities.9 Finally, the RAND characteristics of ineffective governance, activities constudy found that policy prescriptions aimed at addressing ducted by U.S. Army personnel would only be effective ungovernability must also reduce a region’s conduciveness if done in cooperation with all the elements of national to terrorist activities, for example, building the capacity of power.6 In the current environment, regionally aligned the local military and counterterrorism forces.10 forces must remain closely synchronized with the DOS Building military capacity is a task that the DOD mission in order to be effective. performs in many locations around the globe and appears In 2007, the RAND Corporation published a study to be the focus of regionally aligned forces. Joint doctrine on military operations in areas lacking effective govercalls for the use of FID and counterterrorism activities to nance. This study, titled “Ungoverned Territories,” defines address a region’s conduciveness for terrorist activities.11 ungovernability and provides three recommendations However, this study emphasizes that while FID may for how the United States may address current threats enhance the capability of the government, it must be conin undergoverned territories.7 It first recommends that ducted in conjunction with other programs that address the perceived ungovernability.12 This suggests that FID should expand its scope from merely training foreign militaries to training governance organizations; this requires greater synchronization with the DOS. Regarding the future operating environment, the AOC proposed that the Army, with unified action partners, is equipped to win in the future complex world. To accomplish this, the AOC describes the need for regionally engaged Army forces to shape security (Photo by Tech. Sgt. Ian Dean, U.S. Air Force) environments.13 However, Capt. Clemeunt Douglass, team chief of Team 0733, Company C, 407th Civil Affairs Battalion, listens the description of the threats as a Djibouti navy sailor briefs his leadership on a mock assessment during the Civil-Military Coopercreated by ineffective govation Training Course 11 December 2014 at Bat Hill 2, Arta, Djibouti. Members of the Djibouti army and navy participated in several scenarios to test what they had learned in the classroom. ernance, along with the U.S. 62 March-April 2016  MILITARY REVIEW