Military Review English Edition March-April 2016 - Page 37

ISLAMIC STATE ACTIONS Notes 1. Hava Lazarus-Yafeh, “Contemporary Fundamentalism: Judaism, Christianity and Islam,” The Jerusalem Quarterly 47 (1988): 27–39. 2. “From Hijrah to Khilafah,” Dabiq 1, 2014, 35, accessed 7 January 2016, https://azelin.files.wordpress.com/2014/07/ islamic-state-22dc481biq-magazine-122.pdf. The Quranic text identified here varies slightly from that cited in the article due to the author’s use of a different translation of the Quran. All editions of Dabiq can be found at http://jihadology.net/category/ dabiq-magazine/. 3. Abu Amr al-Kinaru, “It’s Either the Islamic State or the Flood,” Dabiq 2, 2014, 11, accessed 8 January 2016, https://azelin.files. wordpress.com/2014/07/islamic-state-e2809cdc481biq-magazine-2e280b3.pdf. 4. “Foreword,” Dabiq 5, 2014, 3, accessed 8 January 2016, https://azelin.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/the-islamic-state-e2809cdc481biq-magazine-522.pdf. 5. “Islam is the Religion of the Sword Not Pacifism,” Dabiq 7, 2015, 20, accessed 8 January 2016, https://azelin.files.wordpress. com/2015/02/the-islamic-state-e2809cdc481biq-magazine-722.pdf. 6. Timothy R. Furnish, “Beheading in the Name of Islam,” Middle East Quarterly 12(2) (2005): 1–57, accessed 8 January 2016, http:// www.meforum.org/713/beheading-in-the-name-of-islam. 7. Hassan Hassan, “Isis Has Reached New Depths of Depravity. But There is a Brutal Logic behind It,” Guardian website, 7 February 2015, accessed 8 January 2016, http://www.theguardian.com/world/2015/ feb/08/isis-islamic-state-ideology-sharia-syria-iraq-jordan-pilot. 8. Abu Bakr Naji, “The Management of Savagery: The Most Critical Stage Through Which the Ummah Will Pass,” trans. William McCants (Cambridge, MA: John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies at Harvard University, 23 May 2006), third topic, sec. 4, accessed 8 January 2016, https://azelin.files.wordpress.com/2010/08/ abu-bakr-naji-the-management-of-savagery-the-most-criticalstage-through-which-the-umma-will-pass.pdf. 9. “The Lions of Tomorrow: The Lion Cubs of the Khilafa,” Dabiq 8, 2015, 20–21, accessed 8 January 2016, https://azelin.files. wordpress.com/2015/03/the-islamic-state-e2809cdc481biq-magazine-8e280b3.pdf. 10. “The Revival of Slavery before the Hour,” Dabiq 4, 2014, 14, accessed 8 January 2016, https://azelin.files.wordpress. com/2015/02/the-islamic-state-e2809cdc481biq-magazine-422. pdf. 11. Ibid., 15. 12. Ibid., 15–17. 13. Quoted in Umm Sumayah al-Muharijah, “Slave Girls or Prostitutes?” Dabiq 9, 2015, 44, accessed 8 January 2016, https:// azelin.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/the-islamic-state-e2809cdc481biq-magazine-9e280b3.pdf. 14. Ibid., 45. 15. “The Burning of the Murtado Pilot,” Dabiq 7, 2015, 6, accessed 8 January 2016, https://azelin.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/ the-islamic-state-e2809cdc481biq-magazine-722.pdf. 16. Abu Muhammad al-Adnani ash-Shami, “Indeed Your Lord is Ever Watchful,” Dabiq 4, 2014, 9, accessed 8 January 2016, https:// azelin.files.wordpress.com/2015/02/the-islamic-state-e2809cdc481biq-magazine-422.pdf. 17. “Paris Terror Attacks Are an Abomination,” Leeds Makkah Masjid website, 14 November 2015, accessed 8 January 2016, http://www.makkahmasjid.co.uk/wp/index.php/2015/11/14/ paris-terror-attacks-are-an-abomination/. 18. Deuteronomy 20: 10–18, 21: 10–14. 19. Dr. Musharraf Hussain al Azhari, “What Jihad Are You Fighting For?” Haqiqah 2, 2015, 20, accessed 8 January 2016, http:// www.haqiqah.org/article/what-jihad-are-you-fighting/. 20. Quran 18:29, 2:256. 21. Tariq Ramadan, Western Muslims and the Future of Islam (New York: Oxford University Press, 2004), 36. 22. “‘We’re Just as Shocked’—Muslim Messages Going Viral after the Paris Attacks,” BBC Trending website, 18 November 2015, accessed 7 January 2016, http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/ blogs-trending-34858514. 23. “The IISS Manama Dialogue: The Regional Security Summit,” International Institute for Strategic Studies website, accessed 7 January 2016, http://www.iiss.org/en/events/manama%20dialogue/ archive/manama-dialogue-2014-3b96. This idea was discussed numerous times during the Arab leaders’ 2014 Manama Dialogue. MR We Recommend T he George Washington University report “ISIS in America: From Retweets to Raqqa,” by Lorenzo Vidino and Seamus Hughes, is a valuable resource for those interested in researching the threat to the United States posed by radical Islamists and the Islamic State. The report examines cases of Americans involved in ISIS-related activities, and provides a demographic analysis of those charged with ISIS-related crimes. It goes on to discuss the individual motivations of ISIS supporters, how they became radicalized, the role of the Internet and social media in their radicalization and recruitment processes, and how involved U.S.-based ISIS sympathizers actually are with that terrorist organization. Finally, the report provides recommendations on how to combat ISIS recruitment. Find the full report at http://cchs.gwu.edu/isis-in-america. MILITARY REVIEW  March-April 2016 35