Military Review English Edition March-April 2016 - Page 33

ISLAMIC STATE ACTIONS necks till you have bloodied them” (47:4). The beheading of between six and nine hundred Jews from the Banu Qurayza on the orders of Muhammad is recorded by Ibn Ishaq, the prophet’s earliest biographer; Islamists see his example as another justification for beheading.6 Third, the use of extreme violence in holy war is promoted by Abu Bakr Naji in his Islamist text that is known to have been studied by both the leaders and foot soldiers of IS.7 Naji says that holy war involves “naught but violence, crudeness, terrorism, frightening [others] and massacring. … We need to massacre (others) and (to take) actions like those that were undertaken against the Banu Qurayza and their like.”8 In July 2015, twenty-five Syrian soldiers were shot in the head by twenty-five of IS’s child soldiers at Palmyra, Syria; in volume 8 of Dabiq, child soldiers are pictured with guns in their hands as they stand in front of dead bodies. The article says that the prisoners in the accompanying picture had been killed by the child soldiers because they were Russian and Israeli agents. The use of children is justified, the magazine argues, because Muhammad used child soldiers at the Battle of Badr.9 Sexual Slavery and Rape Apart from Jews and Christians, who share with Muslims a belief in common descent from the ancient monotheistic patriarch, Abraham, Middle Eastern religious groups with origins unrelated to Abrahamic tradition have become special targets of IS brutality. Prominent among those are the Yazidis, members of a faith with ancient roots in Zoroastrianism, another monotheistic religion that originated before the birth of Christ. At least seven hundre d of its men have been executed and thousands of its women taken into slavery. In an article in Dabiq, the author justifies the actions of IS by referring to what is known as the Quranic “sword verse” (9:5, quoted above).10 The author further argues that because the Yazidi religion is categorized as an apostate faith (one whose members have turned away from Islam), Muslim law lays down that men must be killed and women taken into slavery. To justify his position, he quotes numerous traditions concerning Muhammad: the prophet is reported to have said that “Allah marvels at people who enter jannah [paradise] in chains”; and also that it is good to put people in chains until they convert to Islam.11 Other sayings of the Slave Prices in the Islamic State According to Sangwon Yoon, “Islamic State Circulates Sex Slave Price List,” website, 3 August 2015, “A senior United Nations official says Islamic State is circulating a slave price list for captured women and children, and that the group’s ongoing appeal and barbarity pose an unprecedented challenge. “The official, Zainab Bangura, said that on a trip to Iraq in April she was given a copy of an Islamic State pamphlet, which included the list [see figure on next page], showing that captured children as young as one fetch the highest price. The bidders include both the group’s own fighters and wealthy Middle Easterners. “The list shows the group’s view of the value of those it captures … , though its authenticity came under question. Bangura, who is the UN special envoy on sexual violence in conflict …, said she has verified that the document came from Islamic State and reflects real transactions. (MEMRI Jihad & Terrorism Threat Monitor) “‘The girls get peddled like barrels of petrol,’ she said in an interview last “Questions and Answers on week in New York. ‘One girl can be sold and bought by five or six different men. Taking Captives and Slaves,” Sometimes these fighters sell the girls back to their families for thousands of distributed by the Islamic State in late 2014. dollars of ransom.’ “For Islamic State fighters, the prices in Iraqi dinars for boys and girls aged 1 to 9 are equal to about $165, Bangura said. Prices for adolescent girls are $124, and it’s less for women over 20.” MILITARY REVIEW  March-April 2016 31