Military Review English Edition July-August 2014 - Page 88

Nigeria, married women had significantly higher rates of depression and mental illness than married men: 46 percent versus 11 percent. Of particular interest and value is Nadine Puechguirbal’s article on the reduction of stigma associated with rape in African conflicts. Some African countries follow a policy of comprehensive medical treatment, synchronizing physical and psychological aid. They understand the value of expressing trauma to a qualified listener, providing “listening houses” with trained psychological caregivers. The U.S. military could achieve similar gains by placing similar emphasis on mental illness care. The most compelling article in the series was also the most unusual. Tal Nitsán’s essay describes the moral outrage over her master’s thesis on the lack of rape during the Israeli occupation of Palestine. The thesis won awards and was praised by Israeli military leaders—yet morally driven, nationalistic journalists attacked Nitsán. Her work did not argue that the moral superiority of the Israeli people resulted in the lack of rapes. Rather, it looked at institutional culture—how the sense of place and occupation made Israeli soldiers more aware of rape and therefore achieved objectives “not by rape, but by rape avoidance.” Awareness rather than morality prevented the rapes; for Israeli nationalists this was an affront to their sense of moral superiority. The author, by the circumstances of getting her 86 doctorate in Canada and the misspelling of her name in the original press source, was insulated from the highly vitriolic criticism of a thesis that was complimentary of the Israeli military. Some sources went so far as to wish for someone to rape her, even erroneously providing a picture of a different woman, though claiming she was not attractive e