Military Review English Edition July-August 2014 - Page 86

Rape in Wartime Edited by Raphaëlle Branche and Fabrice Virgili, Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2012, 237 pages, $90 (Hardback) Joseph Miller Joseph Miller is a Ph.D. student and a former U.S. Army infantry officer with three deployments to Iraq. He received a B.A. in history from North Georgia College and State University and an M.A. in history from the University of Maine. T he editors of Rape in Wartime and I share the inability to give their impressive collection of essays on this topic the summary it deserves. The U.S. military’s highly publicized efforts to prevent sexual assault within its ranks illustrate how intense discussion of this subject can be, even in an army that very rarely rapes civilians and enemy combatants. There is a pressing need for substance in this increasingly emotional debate. Rape in Wartime contributes that substance in a collection of meticulously researched, carefully argued, and painstakingly translated essays from diverse scholars who studied rape globally and historically. It provides a brilliant combination of military history, anthropology, and legal studies that are perfectly balanced by a feminist perspective. This anthology is an ideal work for commissioned and noncommissioned officers who are facing cultural reform regarding gender roles in the military and the integration of women into combat units. Rape in Wartime is a substantive, concise, and readable book on women in combat and rape that occurs during wars. The work casts some indirect criticism on the current policies of the Uniform Code of Military Justice in multiple essays that describe German, Russian, and Belgian military courts that treated rape as problem of conduct, or good order and discipline, managed by commanders. In all three cases (less so with Belgian), rapes went widely unpunished or carried minor internal disciplinary reprimands. It is important to 84 July-August 2014  MILITARY REVIEW