Military Review English Edition July-August 2014 - Page 104

encompassing all areas of the PLA from the macro- to the micro-level. As an ex-military attaché to Beijing, he is familiar with China’s military and the various aspects of their culture. He has access to information found mainly in Chinese-language sources, attainable because of his fluency in the Chinese language. For example, he notes that A Guide to the Study of Campaign Theory is an unclassified “study guide” for PLA officers on how to understand and apply the campaign doctrine presented in the PLA book, The Science of Campaigns. Any Chinese military analyst would consider such a document vital to his understanding of the PLA’s conduct of military operations, but it is only accessible to those who can read Mandarin. The Dragon Extends Its Reach examines a number of areas, each of which is usually covered individually by a single U.S. specialist (C4ISR, ground forces, nuclear doctrine, etc.). Wortzel exceeds this parameter of singularity and offers readers a comprehensive look at the PLA in a single source. His analysis encompasses not only the traditional areas of the military services and their equipment, but also the PLA’s thoughts on deterrence and its use, the integration of information operations into political departments, the PLA’s role in foreign policy, and the integration of current thought with past legacies, among other issues. The book rarely misses a topic area. For example, there are detailed discussions of the Chinese general staff system; military regions, theaters of war, and military districts; the decision-making process of the military; and legal issues affecting space and ocean activities. Wortzel descends into the depths of the services, to include an examination of topics such as how network-centric operations affect their activities. More importantly, he touches on topics that are seldom, if ever, seen in the open press, such as the Chinese Qu Dian theater-level, automated system of command and control. The information in this book serves as an excellent introduction to the PLA for those just starting to study the Chinese military, and as a well-rounded compendium for those senior Chinese analysts who may have set their focus on one area of military research. Tim Thomas, Fort Leavenworth, Kansas 102 BREACH OF TRUST: How Americans Failed Their Soldiers and Their Country Andrew J. Bacevich, Metropolitan Books, New York, 2013, 238 pages, $26.00 A ndrew Bacevich’s Breach of Trust is a must read for policymakers, military professionals, and the citizens on whose behalf those groups serve. The only critique is that the book’s title does not capture the richness of Bacevich’s argument. His foundational argument is that the all-volunteer force has allowed 99 percent of the population to shirk the shared responsibility of national defense. Although this accusation has become trite over the last 11 years, Bacevich moves beyond the simple military versus civilian argument, identifying how the all-volunteer force is eroding the checks-and-balances construct upon which American democracy is based and creating perverse incentives that enable global adventurism. Bacevich argues that initially, the all-volunteer force seemed like a “bargain” for both citizen and soldier. Citizens received a professionally trained military capable of protecting the nation, while remaining unburdened by the requirements of common defense. Soldiers received the approbation of 99 percent of the population who were not only grateful for their service, but more than willing to pay the costs of contracting common defense to the other one percent. Overtime, the population became unconcerned with how the professional Army was employed, as long as the costs were not immediate and life continued seemingly uninterrupted. I