Milano Map Fair 2019 catalogo MMF2019 - Page 38

Librairie Loeb-Larocque 31 rue de Tolbiac, 75013 Paris France Tel. +33 (0)144248580 info@loeb-larocque Visscher, C.J. LEO BELGICUS Johan van Doetechum fecit [Amsterdam] C.J.Visscher Excudit, Anno 1641. Amsterdam, 1641 34.0 x 55.0 cm, Original o/l. colours Margins cut to the plate mark, with some very minor fraying along lower part. Repair of a tear 5cm. into engraved area, next to lower part center fold. A very good and dark impression It is well-known that the Leo maps are a symbol of strength and bravery in their heraldic representation. The series of Leo-maps should be placed in the context of the Eighty Years’ War or “Dutch War of Independence” (1566-1648). They symbolized the revolt of the Seven United Provinces of the Netherlands against the Spanish (Habsburg) Empire. - Claes Jansz. Visscher must have acquired the copper plate from Henricus Hondius already around 1641 and not as suggested by Günter Schilder and Henk van der Heijden in 1650 at the death of Henricus Hondius. - With the discovery of this example of Visscher’s edition, with the date 1641, it becomes much clearer why Visscher dated the map 1641 and why he added the medallions portraits of Archduke Ferdinand (governor 1 634-1641) and Prince Frederik Hendrik of Orange (Stadholder 1625-1647) to the plate. To insert these new portraits the title had to be moved and broken off, the tail of the lion shortened and lowered. - The text panel is also updated. The last lines of the Dutch text now read : (...) ende hooggeborene Ferdinandus Infans Cardinael en de Edelen en meer dan Martium Frederik Hendrick die beyde tegenwoordelick regiere. So Ferdinandus was still alive at the date of publication. - Other changes included the adornment of the sea, which was changed completely and was now filled with nine vessels.