ME/NA/SA FUTURISMS MENASA FUTURISMS :: 1 - Page 28

The dependence of development on exploitation continues today as a way for developing nations to rapidly ‘modernize’ by following a capitalist path of development laid out by Western nations, particularly the United States. 6 Nations in the Global North have emerged as global superpowers and have paved the way to modernization through established modes of exploitation. Propped up by organizations like the World Bank and the IMF, they lock developing nations - in search of the promise of a modernized nation that is economically sound, industrially powerful and socially self-sufficient - into devastating cycles of debt. 7 In the age of globalization, this mode of development has spread far beyond the borders of Western nations to many Middle Eastern countries, who, in a rush to keep up with global superpowers, have jumped at the chance to be oppressors through the formation of private enterprise and the encouragement of capitalist endeavors. In keeping with the rush to appear modernized, countries of the Middle East have embraced futuristic aesthetics and awe-inspiring projects. However, this modernization is only surface deep. Exploitative conditions for workers in the exploding economies of the Global South, like the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, are well documented, and though some steps have been taken to alleviate the conditions of workers, abuses continue regularly. 8, 9, 10, 11 In much the same way that Kuwait, “sought to project the spatial and economic bases” of a modern nation through architecture onto the world in the early 70s during the Gulf construction boom, Dubai uses architecture as a means to project its vision of the future onto the world. 12 This projection has serious costs. Just this year VICE News released video footage showing migrant workers living in inhumane conditions while const ÉՍѥ¹œ„QÉÕµÀ%¹Ñ•É¹…Ñ¥½¹…°½±˜ ±Õˆ¥¸Չ…¤¸9•…ɉ䁥¸)‰Ô¡…‰¤°…Ёѡ”½¹ÍÑÉՍѥ½¸Í¥Ñ”½˜„¹•ÜÕ±ÑÕɅ°¡Õˆ™½ÈÑ¡”T¹¹¸°)ݽɭ¥¹œ½¹‘¥Ñ¥½¹Ì™½Èµ¥É…¹Ñ́¡…Ù”‰••¸½µÁ…É•ƒŠqѼ…¸½Á•¸)Áɥͽ¸»Št€Ä́%¸E…Ñ…È°Ñ¡•É”¡…Ù”‰••¸¹Õµ•É½Ṍ½Õэɥ•Ì½Ù•È¡Õµ…¸É¥¡ÑÌ)Ù¥½±…Ñ¥½¹Ì™½±±½Ý¥¹œÙ…É¥½Ṍ¥¹Ù•ÍÑ¥…Ñ¥½¹Ì¥¹Ñ¼Ñ¡”½¹½¥¹œ½¹ÍÑÉՍѥ½¸½˜)ٕ¹Õ•Ì™½ÈÑ¡”ÕÁ½µ¥¹œ]½É± ÕÀÑ½Õɹ…µ•¹Ð¥¸€ÈÀÈȸQ¡”-¡…±¥™„)%¹Ñ•É¹…Ñ¥½¹…°Mх‘¥Õ´¥¸½¡„…¹Ñ¡”ÍÕÉɽչ‘¥¹œÍÁ½ÉÑ́½µÁ±•à°¥Ì)ÕÉɕ¹Ñ±ä‰•¥¹œÉ•¹½Ù…Ñ•™½ÈÑ¡”•Ù•¹Ð°…¹É•Á½ÉÑ́½˜¡Õµ…¸É¥¡ÑÌ)Ù¥½±…Ñ¥½¹Ì™É½´µ¹•ÍÑä%¹Ñ•É¹…Ñ¥½¹…°…É”É…µÁ…¹Ð¸Q¡”Ý¡½±”Í¥ÑՅѥ½¸¥¸)E…хȁ¥Ì…ÁÁ…±±¥¹œ°‰ÕЁ¥ÓŠé•Ù•¸µ½É”Õ¹‘•É¡…¹‘•¥˜å½Ô