ME/NA/SA FUTURISMS MENASA FUTURISMS :: 1 - Page 14

Throughout the 1970s, Afrofuturistic expression was taken up by Funk musician George Clinton, becoming a notable musical genre. Then a more pronounced artistic framework through the sci-fi literature of Octavia Butler and Samuel R. Delany, it did not become a recognised discourse until the critical and scholarly attempts of the 1990s (Mark Dery, Kudwo Eshun, Mark Sinker, and Paul Gilroy, for example). In 1993, the term Afrofuturism was coined by cultural critic Mark Dery in an attempt to address the scarcity of Black sci-fi productions in the face of the total lack of representation of African Americans in popular science fiction. Since then, Afrofuturism has been evolving into a wider Pan-African cultural propinquity, by navigating the future, present, and past through the use of advanced technologies. While it may seem (and is sometimes criticized as) a recent appropriation of science fiction, the idea and progression of Afrofuturism has had ever- deepening roots in African diasporic history and Black culture. In one of the most analytically rich chapters, The Armageddon Effe Π聙ɽ™ΥΡΥΙ₯Ν΄)…ΉΡ‘” ‘Ι½Ή½Α½±₯Ρ₯Μ½˜±₯•Έ9…Ρ₯½Έ° …Ή…‘₯…ΈΝ‘½±…ȁѽ‰₯…́ŒΈΩ…Έ)Y••ΈΝ‘½έ́ё…ΠƒŠq„ΉΥ΅‰•Θ½˜™Ι½‘₯…ΝΑ½Ι₯ŒΥ±ΡΥΙ…°ΑΙ½‘ՍΡ₯½ΉΜ)•΅‰Ι…•…±₯•Έ°½ΥΡ•ΙΝΑ…”°…Ή½™˜΅έ½Ι±ΡΙ½Α•ΜΈ •ΉΡΙ…°ΡΌΡ‘•Ν”Ν₯•Ή”)™₯Ρ₯½Ή…°ΡΙ½Α•Μέ…́…Έ…½ΥΉΠ½˜Ρ‘”Ρ±…ΉΡ₯ŒΝ±…Ω”ΡΙ…‘”°Ή…ΙΙ…Ρ₯Ω₯镐)…ΉΙ•₯΅…₯Ή•…́ё”…Ι΅…•‘‘½Έ½˜…±₯•Έ…‰‘ՍΡ₯½»Št€‘Ή‘•ΙΝ½Έ…Ή))½Ή•Μ°€ΘΐΔΨθΨΰ€Έ]‘•Ρ‘•Θ₯Ё₯́₯Έ΅•Ρ…Α‘½Ί½˜…±₯•Έ…‰‘ՍΡ₯½ΉΜ½ΘΙ½‰½Π)Ν±…Ω•Ι䰁™½Θ™Ι½™ΥΡΥΙ₯Ν΄€΄ΥΉ±₯­”]•ΝΡ•ΙΈ‘εΝΡ½Α₯…ΈΝ€΅™€€΄Ρ‘”…Α½…±εΑΝ”)‘…́…±Ι•…‘䁑…ΑΑ•Ή•μ₯Ё₯́ё”Ω•Ι䁝•Ή•Ν₯́™Ι½΄έ‘₯ ₯Ё‘•Ω•±½ΑΜΈ%Έ)Ρ‘”έ½Ι‘́½˜ Ι₯Ρ₯Ν έΙ₯ѕȁ5…Ι¬M₯Ή­•Θ°ΕΥ½Ρ•₯ΈΡ‘”‰½½―ŠeΜ€ΡΡ ‘…ΑΡ•Θ( ΔδδΘ€θ)Q‘”Ν‘₯Ά±…Ή‘•±½Ήœ…ΌθΡ‘•δ…±Ι•…‘䁱…₯έ…ΝΡ”)έ‘½±”Ν½₯•Ρ₯•Μ°…‰‘Սѕ…Ή•Ή•Ρ₯…±±δ…±Ρ•Ι•)Νέ…Ρ‘•Μ½˜₯Ρ₯ι•ΉΙ䰁₯΅Α½Ν•έ₯Ρ‘½ΥЁΝΥɍ•…Ν”Ρ‘•₯Θ)Ω…±Υ•ΜΈ™Ι₯„…Ή΅•Ι₯„ƒŠL…ΉΝΌ‰δ•αΡ•ΉΝ₯½Έ)ΥΙ½Α”…ΉΝ₯„ƒŠL…Ι”…±Ι•…‘δ₯ΈΡ‘•₯ȁمΙ₯½Ύ݅εΜ)±₯•Έ9…Ρ₯½ΈΈ9ΌΙ•ΡΥΙΈΡΌΉ½Ι΅…°₯́Α½ΝΝ₯‰±”θέ‘…Π+ŠqΉ½Ι΅…³Št₯́ё•Ι”ΡΌΙ•ΡΥΙΈΡΌ