May 2018 smartGOV_eMagazine_May2018 - Page 18

Smart Governance RenewableEnergy at rapid pace. The total installed capacity has reached to 310 GW with generation mix of Thermal (69.4%), Hydro (13.9%), Renewable (14.8%) and Nuclear (1.9%). It is evident that the renewable power has secured 2nd position after Thermal and is spreading its wings rapidly in Ind ia. The Government of India has upscaled the target of renewable power capacity to 175 GW which includes 100 GW from Solar, 60 GW from wind, 10 GW from bio-power and 5 GW from small hydro power to be achieved by 2022. Over the years, renewable energy sector in India has emerged as a significant layer in the grid connected power generation capacity. It supports the government agenda of sustainable growth, while, emerging as an integral part of the solution to meet the nation’s energy needs and an essential player for energy access. It has been realized that renewable energy has to play a much deeper role in achieving energy security in the years ahead and be an integral part of the energy planning process. There has been a visible impact of renewable energy in the Indian energy scenario during the last five years. Renewable energy sector landscape in India has, during the last few years, witnessed tremendous changes in the policy framework with accelerated and ambitious plans to increase the contribution of solar energy. There is a perception that renewable energy can now play a significant role, as also, there is a confidence in the technologies and capacity to do so. Enlarging the scope of the National Solar Mission symbolizes both, and indeed encapsulates the vision and ambition for the future. The Government of India has taken several initiatives during the last two years such as the largest renewable capacity expansion programme in the world is being taken up by India. The government is aiming to increase share of clean energy through massive thrust in renewables. The core drivers for development and deployment of new and renewable energy in India have been Energy Security, Electricity shortages, Energy Access, Climate change etc. India has an estimated renewable energy potential of about 900 GW from commercially exploitable sources viz. Wind – 102 GW (at 80 metre mast height); Small Hydro – 20 GW; Bio- energy – 25 GW; and 750 GW solar power ( assuming 3% wasteland is made available) Renewable energy has a great potential to usher in universal energy access. In a decentralized or standalone mode, renewable energy is an appropriate, scalable and viable solution for providing power to un-electrified or power deficient villages and hamlets. Over 1.2 million households are using solar energy to meet their lighting energy needs and almost similar numbers of the households meet their cooking energy needs from biogas plants. Solar Photovoltaic (PV) power systems are being used for a variety of applications such as rural electrification, railway signaling, microwave repeaters, mobile towers, TV transmission and reception and for providing power to border outposts. India’s economic growth is intrinsically linked to the increasing consumption of energy and natural resources. Energy demand has outpaced capacity additions in recent years, which has resulted in persistent peak power deficits in the country. In addition, the Indian government has made it a priority to provide electricity to the estimated 304 million people who are without this service. Solar is an attractive option to help address this energy gap driven by regional fundamentals and regulatory support by the Indian government. The Indian government increased its 2022 target for solar capacity from 20GW to 100GW, ratified Paris climate change agreement and committed to 40% renewables by 2030 up from 15%. During fiscal year 2017, 49% of total renewable installations were solar and solar has clearly outpaced all other renewables sources. The Central Government, in collaboration with 18 | May 2018 | www.smartgovernance.in