LPHR Magazine (March 2013) - Page 31

HIERARCHY OF NEEDS Maslow [1954] Maslow’s theory presents five levels of needs experienced by humans. People move into higher levels of need as lower levels of need are sufficiently satisfied. Those levels, from most fundamental to most evolved, are: •• Basic physical needs: Includes food, water, shelter, acceptable working conditions, and other fundamental, foundational needs. •• Safety and security: Speaks to the need to live and work in an environment that feels - and is - safe. •• Belonging and love: In the workplace, this need can manifest itself through membership in a department, a profession, a division, clubs, affinity groups, or simply through friendships and relationships. •• Esteem: Manifests in two dimensions - self and others. Self-esteem refers to valuing one’s own self, personally and/or professionally. Esteem from others relates to receiving recognition and approval from others. •• Self-actualization: Individuals want to, and strive to, reach their full potential. Self-actualization is, very often, its own reward. MARCH 2013 | LPRH.CO