Leadership magazine Sept/Oct 2018 V48 No. 1 - Page 10

system ; Threat Assessment protocol based on the Cornell Model ; District Threat Assessment Review Panel ; Options-based Active Shooter protocol ( endorsed by San Diego Sheriffs and Chiefs Association ); Options-based Bomb Threat protocol ; Remote Reunification district-supported Incident Action Plan ; and a Student Demonstration safety and communications plan .
Infrastructure initiatives include a phoneto-PA project ; safe school lock upgrades ; Raptor electronic screening systems ; analytic video pilot systems ; RFID electronic lockset retrofits ; vestibule pilots ; districtwide radio replacement and upgrade project ; and a classroom emergency bucket project . Formal vulnerability studies have been conducted at all sites with an active shooter reemphasis . 175 point comprehensive infrastructure reviews are in progress that use universal Crime Prevention Through Environmental Design criteria . Natural disaster hazard and risk assessments for the southern San Diego region drive the responses for the Disaster Preparedness Work Group and the evolving Continuity of Operations Plan .
Our district requires two Active Shooter / Lockdowns , two Secure Campus Drills , and one Clear Room Drill per year plus fire / earthquake ( varied by grade level ) requirements that all go beyond state requirements . Drill Verification Reports are required that provide planning and after-action verification . Options-based drill guidelines are provided that clarify district and SRO support for options-based drills .
In addition , Sweetwater has gone above and beyond state requirements and provided the sixth annual mandatory Train the Trainer event for all school safety committees over a two-day period . This is an exhaustive comprehensive training day including interactive , hands-on active shooter scenario-based training led by SROs . We will hold our third annual half-day training events for all-staff ( four days ).
Partnership initiatives include MOUs with four local police and sheriff departments , SROs support all staff trainings ; members contributed to San Diego County Office of Education Active Shooter Workgroup , outreach / training provided to multiple local elementary school districts with
10 Leadership shared and overlapping boundaries , members of local civic Public Safety Advisory Committees , members contributed to joint San Diego County DA - local police and sheriff - San Diego County Office of Education Targeted Violence Work Group ; and First Annual Summit , and members certified as Law Enforcement Coordination Center ( LECC ) Infrastructure Liaison Officer .
Crisis Communications
Communications are one of the most important elements of emergency management aside from planning . The effectiveness of crisis communications is enhanced by a system with a smooth transition between ordinary and emergent use .
Notification protocol flowcharts ensure a standardized flow of information between school administration , district officials , local law enforcement , as well as the board of trustees , as appropriate . These flowcharts indicate who should pass information to whom at the onset of an incident . The flowcharts are organized for four levels of incidents in increasing level of severity and scope .
Sweetwater has emphasized providing guidance and training to school leadership on the subject of alerting and informing staff , students and community during and after critical incidents .
The release of information must balance physical and climate security goals . Site and district leadership must consider how the information being sent will directly protect the physical safety of staff , students and visitors . Similarly , it must be considered how the information may have the potential to positively or negatively impact the emotional and psychological climate of a school community .
Alerting and informing staff during critical incidents must be viewed in the context of an ongoing cycle of team situation assessment , team decision-making , communication and response . Crisis communication to staff may be divided into at least two broad categories of alerting and informing . Alerting is defined as security-related directions , whereas informing is defined as providing background or reasons behind the directions .
Any alerting or informing presumes at least a careful preliminary assessment . Consult law enforcement partners and threat assessment team members as appropriate . The speed of communication is determined by the assessed threat level . In contrast with active shooter threats , most other security threats have a “ slower clock .” Ideally , leaders should prioritize the global protection considerations to best manage decision-making and sequence of events .
Information must be released in accordance with the assessed threat level . The potential threat and context determines the amount and speed of information release . Too much / too quick can lead to panic , rumors and unnecessarily conflicting information . Too little / too slow can increase anxiety , “ information vacuum ” mistrust and loss of control . The ideal controlled information release of accurate , pertinent information fosters control and helps maintain confidence and calm .
Ideally , staff should be trained in the complex and uncertain nature of security communications in advance to help strengthen the security teamwork process .
Radio Communications
Over the past year , the district has completed a comprehensive campus two-way radio replacement and upgrade program . The old , existing radios lacked complete campus coverage . The new system is now FCC compliant with Part 19 regulations . Additionally , it has superior coverage , digital encryption , and a standardized multichannel format that provides schools more options for designating local talk-groups , both within a school site and throughout the district .
Programming and networks : Large schools can require more than a single channel to efficiently manage administrative , campus assistants , custodial , PE and after school program communications . So , every school radio system has five local channels that may be designated as desired . Administrative radios have a separate administrative private channel . Nevertheless , in an emergency any user has the ability to communicate to all local users across all five local channels by switching to channel one , the emergency all-call channel . The district has also added a regional wide area network channel called D-WIDE EMERG . Every
system; Threat Assessment protocol based on the Cornell Model; District Threat As- sessment Review Panel; Options-based Active Shooter protocol (endorsed by San Diego Sheriffs and Chiefs Association); Op- tions-based Bomb Threat protocol; Remote Reunification district-supported Incident Action Plan; and a Student Demonstration safety and communications plan. Infrastructure initiatives include a phone- to-PA project; safe school lock upgrades; Raptor electronic screening systems; ana- lytic video pilot systems; RFID electronic lockset retrofits; vestibule pilots; district- wide radio replacement and upgrade project; and a classroom emergency bucket project. Formal vulnerability studies have been conducted at all sites with an active shooter reemphasis. 175 point comprehensive in- frastructure reviews are in progress that use universal Crime Prevention Through Envi- ronmental Design criteria. Natural disaster hazard and risk assessments for the southern San Diego region drive the responses for the Disaster Preparedness Work Group and the evolving Continuity of Operations Plan. Our district requires two Active Shooter/ Lockdowns, two Secure Campus Drills, and one Clear Room Drill per year plus fire/ earthquake (varied by grade level) require- ments that all go beyond state requirements. Drill Verification Reports are required that provide planning and after-action verifica- tion. Options-based drill guidelines are pro- vided that clarify district and SRO support for options-based drills. In addition, Sweetwater has gone above and beyond state requirements and pro- vided the sixth annual mandatory Train the Trainer event for al 666fWG6Ц֗GFVW2fW"GvFW&BF22WW7FfR6&VV6fRG&rFЦ6VFrFW&7FfRG27FfR6FW 66V&&6VBG&rVB'5$2vPvBW"F&BVbFG&pWfVG2f"7FfbfW"F2'FW'6FFfW26VFRW0vFfW"6Ɩ6RB6W&fbFW'BЦVG25$27W'B7FfbG&w3V&W'26G&'WFVBF6FVv6VGff6RbVGV6F7FfR6FW"v&Цw&WWG&V6G&r&fFVBFVЧFR6VVVF'66F7G&7G2vFVFW'66&VBBfW&r&VF&W2V&W'0b66f2V&Ɩ26fWGGf6'6Ц֗GFVW2V&W'26G&'WFVBFB6FVv6VGD6Ɩ6RB6W&fbХ6FVv6VGff6RbVGV6FF"ЦvWFVBfV6Rv&w&WBf'7BЦV7V֗BBV&W'26W'FfVB2pVf&6VVB6&FF6VFW"T42g&7G'V7GW&RƖ6ff6W"7&626V6F06V6F2&RRbFR7BЧ'FBVVVG2bVW&vV7vVV@6FRg&rFRVffV7FfVW72b7&Ч626V6F22V6VB'77FVЧvF6FG&6F&WGvVV&F'BVW&vVBW6RFf6F&F6fv6'G2V7W&R7FF&FVBfrbf&F&WGvVV66F֖7G&FF7G&7Bff626rVf&6VVB2vV2FR&&B`G'W7FVW22&&FRFW6Rfv6'G2ЦF6FRv6VB72f&FFvЦBFR6WBb6FVBFRfv6'G0&R&v旦VBf"fW"WfV2b6FVG2খ7&V6rWfVb6WfW&GB66R7vVWGvFW"2V6VB&fFpwVF6RBG&rF66VFW'6FR7V&V7BbW'FrBf&֖p7Ffb7GVFVG2B6VGGW&r@gFW"7&F66FVG2FR&VV6Rbf&FW7B&6P66B6ƖFR6V7W&Gv26FR@F7G&7BVFW'6W7B66FW"rFPf&F&Vr6VBvF&V7Fǒ&FV7@FR666fWGb7Ffb7GVFVG2Bf6ЧF'26֖&ǒBW7B&R66FW&VBrFPf&FfRFRFVFF6ЧFfVǒ"VvFfVǒ7BFRVF@76v66ƖFRb666VGW'FrBf&֖r7FfbGW&r7&FЦ66FVG2W7B&RfWvVBFR6FW@bvr76RbFV6GVF76W72ЦVBFVFV66r6V6ЧFB&W76R7&626V6FF7Ffb&RFfFVBFBV7BGv'&@6FVv&W2bW'FrBf&֖rW'BЦr2FVfVB26V7W&G&VFVBF&V7F2vW&V2f&֖r2FVfVB2&fFp&6w&VB"&V62&VBFRF&V7F2W'Fr"f&֖r&W7VW2@V7B6&VgV&VƖ֖'76W76VB6Ч7VBrVf&6VVB'FW'2BF&V@76W76VBFVV&W'22&&FRFR7VVBb6V6F2FWFW&֖V@'FR76W76VBF&VBWfV6G&7BvF7FfR6FW"F&VG27BFW"6V7W&GF&VG2fR( 6vW"66( FVǒVFW'06VB&&FRFRv&&FV7F6Ч6FW&F2F&W7BvRFV66pB6WVV6RbWfVG2खf&FW7B&R&VV6VB66"ЦF6RvFFR76W76VBF&VBWfVFPFVFF&VBB6FWBFWFW&֖W2FPVBB7VVBbf&F&VV6RFV6FV66VBF2'RЦ'2BVV6W76&ǒ6fƖ7Frf&ЧFFƗGFRF6r67&V6R熒ЦWG( Ɩf&Ff7WV( ֗7G'W7BB70b6G&FRFV6G&VBf&F&VV6Rb67W&FRW'FVBf&Ff7FW'26G&BV2F6fЦFV6RB6खFVǒ7Ffb6VB&RG&VBFR6ЧWBV6W'FGW&Rb6V7W&G6ЦV6F2Gf6RFV7G&VwFVFR6V7W&GFVv&&6W72&F6V6F0fW"FR7BV"FRF7G&7B26ЧWFVB6&VV6fR6W2Gvv&F&W6VVBBWw&FR&w&FRBW7Fr&F26VB6WFP6W26fW&vRFRWr77FV2pd426ƖBvF'B&VwVF2FFFǒB27WW&"6fW&vRFvЧFV7'FB7FF&FVBVFЦ6Vf&BFB&fFW2662&PF2f"FW6vFr6FƲw&W2&FvF666FRBF&VvW@FRF7G&7B&w&֖rBWBv&3&vP6626&WV&R&RF6vP6VFVff6VFǒvRF֖7G&ЧFfR6W2767FG27W7FFR@gFW"66&w&6V6F26WfW'66&F77FV2ffR66V2FB&RFW6vFVB2FW6&VBF֖7G&FfR&F2fR6W&FRBЦ֖7G&FfR&fFR6VWfW'FVW72VW&vV7W6W"2FR&ƗGF6V6FRF6W6W'27&72ffP66V2'7vF6rF6VRFRVW&vV766VFRF7G&7@26FFVB&VvvFR&VWGv&6V6VBBtDRTU$rWfW'