La Gazelle - Page 138

La Salle du Grand Conseil au Palazzo Ducale I The Council Chamber in the Palazzo Ducale I ‫قاعة املجلس الكبري يف قرص‬ I ‫دوجي مقر إقامة دوق البندقية‬ land in a magnificent location; its trapezoidal form offered the added advantage of providing a long façade on the canal. It is believed that work began in 1740 or 1748, possibly completed by 1758 or, more probably, 1772. This was the last palazzo to be built in Venice before the fall of the Republic. A long series of different owners took over until its restoration in 1986 by Milanese architect Gae Aulenti. Directed by Pontus Hulten, it reopened its doors with a major retrospective devoted to Futurism. Following the death of Gianni Agnelli, FIAT chose to terminate its involvement. In May 2005 François Pinault decided to take over Palazzo Grassi to house his collection of contemporary art. The restoration of the place was PUNTA DEL DOGANA The triangular-shaped Punta della Dogana is located at the end of Dorsoduro neighbourhood and separates the Grand Canal and the Giudecca Canal. In June 2009, this building that is the very symbol of the city of Venice, dating from the 17th century, reopened its doors to the public, becoming – along with Palazzo Grassi – one of the venues of the François Pinault Foundation’s Centre for Contemporary Art. The latter supported the transition of this masterpiece of architecture, so emblematic of the city, from its eminently commercial function to port of contemporary art and ideal venue to share it with the world. LA GIUDECCA La Gazelle 60 I 140 The Giudecca Island is part of the sestiere of Dorsoduro, from which it is separated by a 300-meter wide canal. It is the collection of eight small islands joined by canals and bridges. It was known in ancient times as the Spinalunga or Long Thorn due to its shape. Its name might be derived from the fact that the island has been, from the 10th century and on, primarily inhabited by Jewish populations, before they were confined in the Ghetto district, in the Cannaregio. According to other sources, however, the island’s name would be derived from the world “zudega“ meaning “judgement“ in Venetian dialect. The Zudega island, or Giudecca, might have been the refuge of noble families opposing the ruling power, banned from Venice. The Giudecca has the characteristics of a faubourg where gardens and factories coexist ; another Venice, calm and provincial. The city enjoys a quiet atmosphere and its two beautiful Palladian churches whose façades face the Zattere, on the edge of the Dorsoduro, are worth a visit. It is a place of leisure, appreciated by Venetians who want to stay alone in their villas and gardens. During the 19th century, factories and workshops settled there, followed by populations of workers, creating relatively poor and small neighbourhoods. THE LIDO Venice’s outside ramparts are composed of lidos (in Italian lidi) that created the lagoon. The lidos are thin islands stretching for about 11 km and whose fragile barrier is the only sea defence. In ancient texts about the city administration, appears the phrase “nation’s sacred area“, which shows the importance of this unreliable natural barrier in Venice’s future. They used to be hunting and market garden lands, where the Doges’ falcons were trained, where people practiced crossbow shooting, where soldiers (up to 30 000) were stationed while ships and equipments were prepared. For eight centuries the Doges of Venice celebrated the city’s symbolic wedding with the sea