La gazelle 72 - Page 22

I bienvenue en Tunisie I Welcome in Tunisia I ‫تون�س‬ ‫يف‬ ‫بكم‬ ‫مرحـبـــا‬ quelques grandes époques historiques key dates in tunisia history I ‫لتـونس‬ ‫التـاريخية‬ ‫املحطات‬ ‫م‬ ّ ‫أهـ‬ La Tunisie est, par sa superficie, le plus petit pays du Maghreb et sans doute le plus attachant. Terre de rencontre et carrefour des civilisa- tions, l’histoire de la Tunisie est plu- sieurs fois millénaire. Lying in the furthest north of the African continent, Tunisia, considered as the smallest Maghreb country in terms of size, is definitely the most attractive one. A land of gathering and a crossroads of civilizations. ‫أقصى‬ ‫فـي‬ ‫التونسية‬ ‫الجمهــورية‬ ‫تقـع‬ ‫حيث‬ ‫من‬ ‫وتعد‬ ،‫اإلفريقية‬ ‫القارة‬ ‫شمال‬ ‫العربي‬ ‫المغرب‬ ‫بلدان‬ ‫أصغر‬ ‫مساحتها‬ ‫أرض‬ ‫وهي‬ .‫واستقطابا‬ ‫جماال‬ ‫وأكثرها‬ .‫الزمن‬ ‫مر‬ ‫على‬ ‫الحضارات‬ ‫وملتقى‬ ‫اللقاء‬ • Fondation de Carthage par Didon en 814 av. JC. La cité grandit et prospère au point d’inquiéter la toute puissante Rome. • Founding of Carthage by Didon in 814 B.C. The city witnesses such an infinite prosperity that it started to disturb the mighty Roman Empire. ‫قرطاج‬ ‫مدينة‬ ‫ديدون‬ ‫الملكة‬ ‫أسست‬ • ‫قرطاج‬ ‫كبرت‬ ‫ما‬ ‫وسريعا‬ ،.‫م‬.‫ق‬ 814 ‫عام‬ ‫قلق‬ ‫مثار‬ ‫باتت‬ ‫حتى‬ ‫وازدهرت‬ ‫وعظمت‬ .‫نفسهـا‬ ‫لروما‬ • Au bout de la troisième guerre pu- nique, Carthage est détruite en 146 av. JC par les Romains. • At the end of the third Puni \\YB\][X[H\YY [HYX\ M HHX[ˈ8(Z\\X\[Y[[0HY[[K]\]YH\YH[ K8&X[Y[H]0H8&R[X[ [0KB[K\Z[YH][ZYH\[]\HH  0Y\ˈ8(Z\\XHܚ[\H[[\[[XY\]XY\YH[HYX\ KHܛY\ۙو[X[ š[\\YX]Y[[YYHBܛ\و  Y[8(\]YH\\X\ˈXHXYp肙ۙHH[HHZ\X[[ 8(\][وH\XˈXHXYXB[YH]HوZ\X[[H 8(X\[ۈ\[\Y\\X\0\\H8&X[ 0YXY\KB[ZY\Z\\Y\ \\H\]x&p8&X\]YH\ܛX[ˈ\\Y\œ\۝\\[ LM\H[YH[ B[YHHX\ˈ8(\و H[H\]\YBX\[ۈو\X[\Y\ΈYXY\][ZY\[\Y\ \\K[[H\][وHܛX[ˈ\H[BXY]وH[H[HYX\ LMBH[[YH[\و[ܛˈ8(H\]\H]Y[[Hݚ[HB8&Q[\\HX[0\\HH[HYH]\[H0\[HH\œp\ˈ8(H\]ܞH\[[ٛܛYY[Bݚ[H[ۙ[HX[[\\K\وH[وH M[\K[܈BYH[\H\[ 8( N p0X]HXܘ][Z\ˈ8( N p]\YHY[وB[\K(H[\YH؝Y[ۈ[0\[[HBX\ NMM( M[Y\ Lp]][ۈB[[\\XKB*)a6*6b6ab*x+8*)a6+v,v*8+8*aa)b*x+8*av.x+8*`,v-)+8+8*a+av*+8(*.v`6`6)ax+8*)a6,vb6av)a+8*.va6ba)+8*b6),*b6a6bx+8*)a6*)a6**x+*ax+ *`+ M #8*b6a+)a6b+8*`))++8*(-6a,x+8*.)b,b`+8*)a6`))++8*b.v++8(*b6`)a+8*.va6ba)+8*b6),*b6a6bx+8*`,v-)+8+8*a)+6ax+8*b6`++*a,av*x+8*(a6`x+8**av)aba+8*b.v++8*+vba),8+8*)a6-6.v*8+*.v`6`6)ax+8*)v`v,vb`6`b*x+8*)va6bx+8*)a6`v`6`6)*+vb6a+8*)a6.v,v*8+8*b6-va8+8(*av+ba*x+8*a)`v.x+8*)*6a+8*.v`*6*x+8*(,,+8*+vb*+ *ax+ *)a6`b,vb6)a+*)a6.v,v*6b*x+8*)a6+v`*8+8**b6)a6*+ *ax+ 8*.v)ax+8*b6ava+8(*)a6,b,vb*x+8**ax+8*)a6`v)-avbba+8*)va6bx+8*)(a6.)a6*6*x+8*+v`ax+8*ava+**6`b6)+8*)a6,6ba+8*)a6,vb6av)a+8*+6)(x+8*(a+8*)va6bx+6#8*)a6*6,v*6,vb*x+8**ax+*.v)ax+8*`6+b6a+8*)a6avb6+x+*-,v+aax+8*+v*bx+8*)a6+v`ax+8*`vb+*ax+ LM*ava,8+8*)a6.v*av`6)a`6b+8*)a6+v`ax+8**+v*+8**b6a,+8*++a6*+*+vbaa)+8*b6(-v*6+v*+8*.v-6,x+8*)a6,`6)+,+8*)a6`,va+*`,vb6a+8**)a6**x+8*av+bx+8*.va6bx+8*.v*av)ab*x+8*av`)-.v*x+*)a6`v,va,b`6*x+8*)a6+vav`6)b*x+8**+v*+8**b6a`6,+8*++a6*+8**`6ax+8(N H8*.v`6`6)ax+([\XH؝Z[Y][\[[HۂX\    NMM8*))a6,*`)a6a8+8*(.va6a+ NMM8*av),v,+8*-6a,x+8*`vb+8(*)a6b6-ab+([X\H M  LN\X[]][ۈ0HH *)a6.v,v*6`6`6b+8*)a6,v*6b`6.x+8**`6b6,v*x+ LH8*+6`6)a`vb+ M8(H\X\ۜ[[\[ۘH[HٙH[\Y[BBXۈ\]X\HX]\\]YH۝[\ܘZ[K\\\\[]H]X][ۈ[ܙHY\H]X]H\X\ۜ[[\&Z[\H[YH[H\[][ۈY0X[B\YZ\\[YH\\\ˈۈ[\X[Y[[H]X\Y\H[[X\[Z]Y[[Y[8&XY\HY0X[H\ٚ]\\X\\[\[\H[\˂H\X\ۜ[[\[H\\[ܙHY\\H]\H]\]YH\\œ\ۛ\XYX[\YZ\\0[Y[HH\X]\[\[ZYY[Y]ZH\YB[H0\]Z\HpYH\H]H0\ۛ[\\HZ\\XY]\0][\]]^ 0\ۙH0\]\\[˂8&R0[ٙH]X]H\]\[[ۈ[\H]Xۈ[\]YH^0\Y[HH8&8&PY\ۈXx&x&B]8&Z[۝\XH\]\[ HܙYZ\X]XH\HpHpY]\[Y[KH\]\[^\\]H]XH8&8&Q[Z[H[8&8&H\]YH[X[KH]X]K[KKXX\ ܚ[]HܙHH\[H]ZH]\H0X]XZKH[H\H0XX[[Y[0YpYH]^Z]HHY\]X[X[[\HHX]]0H0YpH0H[^][ۈ]]HY[pKHHH[B[X[ۈ[ܛXXHH[H\YH]Hܜ۰YH^\][Y[ \HXZ\ۂY\Z[Z[H]YH\]Y[Y][ۛ[\Hܜ\]\XZ\ۈ8&P\H\\[ܝ\\[]]H[ۙKH\X\ۜ[[\\H8&Y[]XH\[ۙYZ[[H[Z\[[[\]^H[ܙH[[Z[H]XH8&8&RY܈[X\ۜX&x&H0YpH]^[[H 0 L[Z[B]x&][8&8&UY[X&x&H\\][\Y[\˰\[Y\]\]^H\0HY[0H[K]HٙH0XX[KYZ[H\X\ۜ•[HٙHYZ[]X[HYX[ۈH IH\]\\]0YܚY\H[XH Z]HB\\[]]0Z][\\]^ \\\\]HٙH0XX[K]Z[^\۝X\]H ̌M H 0 H\XZ[\˝[\\X\ۜ˘KHۜ[\H]B˙\X\ۜ˘K[\ٙ\\\8&Z[ܛX][ۜ˂ۈYZ[0B\X\ۜ[[\ۙH\\\]YH\[[X\ HHX\K[\ˈ L M[\XKٙH\\\HH\ۚX[]0