Kanguq - Page 16

Coopérative en vedette / ᑯᐊᐸ ᐅᓂᒃᑳᑕᐅᔪᖅ / Co-op Spotlight Puvirnituq S[3ig3us5 lot, and though having struggled through famine and the effects of foreign diseases, the configuration of events happened in such a way that brought these Inuit to affirm their autonomy in their own way. This is part of their story. Charlie Sivuaraapik de Puvirnituq vend de ses sculptures. Charlie Sivuaraapik of Puvirnituq selling his carvings. ᓵᓕ ᓯᕗᐊᕌᐱᒃ ᐳᕕᕐᓂᑐᒥ ᓂᐅᕐᕈᓭᔪᖅ ᓴᓇᐅᒐᕐᒥᓂᒃ. ᒪᓕᑦᓱᒍ, ᑲᑎᒪᔨᖏᑦ ᕿᓂᖏᓐᓇᐸᑦᑐᑦ ᓄᑖᓂᒃ ᐱᕕᑦᓴᐅᒐᔭᕐᒥᔪᓂᒃ ᐱᓇᓱᐊᕋᔭᕐᑕᖏᓐᓂᒃ ᑯᐊᐸᖓᑕ, ᓄᑖᓂᒃ ᐊᓯᐊᒍᑦ ᐱᕙᓪᓕᐊᑎᒐᑦᓴᓂᒃ ᐃᑲᔪᕐᓯᒪᒐᓱᐊᕐᓗᑎᒃ ᓄᓇᓕᐅᑉ ᐱᕈᕐᐸᓕᐊᓂᖓᓂᒃ. ᖃᒻᒥᖅ ᕿᒥᕐᕈᓚᐅᕐᒥᔪᒍᑦ ᐊᐅᓚᑦᓯᒍᒪᓕᕐᓱᑎᒃ ᐅᕐᓱᐊᓗᓐᓂᐊᓂᕐᒥᒃ ᐃᒻᒥᓂᕿᐅᑎᒋᓯᓗᒍ ᑭᓯᐊᓂ ᑕᒪᓐᓇ ᐱᓇᓱᐊᕐᑕᐅᒍᒪᔪᖅ ᓄᕐᖃᑎᑕᐅᓚᐅᕐᑐᖅ ᐱᑦᔪᑎᖃᕋᒥ, ᐃᓚᖓᓂᓗ ᐱᑦᔪᑎᖓᑕ ᐲᑕ ᐃᑦᑐᑲᓪᓚᒃ ᐅᓂᒃᑳᓚᐅᕐᒥᔪᖅ, ᑐᑭᓯᓴᕈᑕᐅᑦᓯᐊᖏᓗᐊᕐᓯᒪᔪᕕᓂᐅᓚᐅᕐᒪᑦ ᑕᒪᓐᓇ ᑲᔪᓯᑦᓯᐊᕈᓐᓇᐅᑎᒋᒐᔭᕐᑕᖏᑦᑕ ᒥᑦᓵᓄᑦ. ᖃᐅᔨᓴᕐᓯᒪᒻᒥᓱᑎᓪ ᓗ ᐊᑐᕈᓐᓇᓯᒐᔭᕐᒪᖔᕐᒥᒃ ᐳᕕᕐᓂᑑᑉ ᑰᖓᓂᒃ ᐃᑯᒪᓕᐅᕐᕕᒋᓗᒍ ᑖᓐᓇ ᑮᓇᐅᔭᖃᕐᑎᑕᐅᒋᐊᖃᑐᐃᓐᓇᒨᕐᑐᖅ. ᐅᓪ ᓗᒥᐅᔪᕐᓗ ᐅᓇᒻᒥᓱᓕᕐᒥᓱᑎᒃ ᐃᓪ ᓗᓕᐅᕈᒪᓕᕐᓱᑎᒃ ᐃᑦᓴᕙᕕᐅᓗᓂ ᓂᕆᕕᑦᓴᒥᒃ ᖃᒻᒥᑯᑦ. ᐲᑕ ᐳᐃ ᐅᖃᕐᑕᐅᓯᒪᒻᒥᔪᒥᒃ ᐃᕐᖃᐅᒪᒻᒥᔪᖅ. ᑌᒪᖕᖓᓂᐊᓗᒃ ᑐᑭᓯᒪᑎᑕᐅᕗᒍᑦ ᑯᐊᐸᐅᑉ ᑲᑐᑦᔨᖃᑎᒌᓐᓂᖓ ᐱᒋᐊᓚᐅᕐᓯᒪᒻᒪᑦ ᑖᑦᓱᒪ ᑯᐊᐸᑦᑕ ᖃᓄᐃᑦᑐᑐᐃᓐᓇᓕᒫᑦᓯᐊᓂᒃ ᐅᓇᒻᒥᒋᓕᕐᑕᒥᓂᒃ ᐱᓇᓱᐊᕈᓐᓇᓂᖓᓂᒃ ᐃᑲᔪᕐᓯᒪᐅᑕᐅᓚᖓᔪᓂᒃ ᓄᓇᓕᓐᓂᒃ 16 ᓱᕙᓪᓕᖁᑎᑦᓴᖏᓐ ᓄᑦ ᐃᓚᐅᔪᖁᑎᖏᑦᑕ. ᖃᓄᐃᑦᑐᑐᐃᓐᓇᓕᒫᑦᓯᐊᑦ ᐅᓇᒻᒥᓇᕐᓯᒍᓐᓇᒪᑕ, ᐊᑭᑦᓴᖃᓚᐅᕈᑎᒃ ᐱᕙᓪᓕᐊᑎᑦᓯᐅᑎᑦᓴᓂᒃ. ᓱᓇᓕᒫᑦᓯᐊᑦ ᐱᔭᕆᔭᐅᒍᓐᓇᒪᑕ. ᑯᐊᐸᒻᒪᕆᐊᓗᑦᓴᑌ¡ ᑲᔪᓯᑎᓚᕗᑦ ᓯᕗᒧᑦ ᑯᐊᐸᕗᑦ.» ᐋᓕᕙ ᑐᓗᒐᖅ ᐃᕐᙯᑎᑕᐅᓯᒪᒻᒥᔪᖅ ᓲᖑᓂᕆᓕᕐᑕᖓᓂᒃ ᑯᐊᐸᓐᓂᐅᑉ ᐳᕕᕐᓂᑐᒥ: ᐃᕐᙯᑎᑕᐅᒋᐊᖃᑦᑕᓯᒪᒋᕗᒍᑦ ᓯᕗᓕᕐᑐᕕᓂᕐᓄᑦ ᐆᑦᑑᑎᒋᓗᒍ ᐁᓴ ᖁᐱᕐᕈᐊᓗᒃ, ᐅᓂᒃᑳᖃᑦᑕᓯᒪᒻᒪᑕ ᑯᐊᐸᓐᓂᑕ ᒥᑦᓵᓄᑦ, ᑲᔪᖏᕐᓴᑕᐅᓯᒪᒻᒪᕆᒃᑲᑕ ᓴᐱᓕᖁᔭᐅᒐᑕ, ᑲᔪᓯᖁᔭᐅᑦᓱᑕ ᐊᔪᐃᓐᓈᕆᒐᓱᐊᓕᕐᑕᑎᓐᓂᒃ¡ ᑕᒪᓐᓇ ᑯᐊᐸᓐᓂᖅ ᑭᓇᒃᑰᓂᑦᑎᓂᒃ ᐃᓂᓪᓓᒍᑎᒋᓯᒪᔭᕗᑦ, ᐃᓚᒋᒻᒥᒪᐅᒃ ᐃᓕᑕᕆᔭᐅᒍᑎᑦᑕ ᖃᓄᐃᑦᑐᓴᔭᐅᓂᑦᑎᒍᑦ. This story begins in 1921 along the northeast coastal area of Hudson Bay where Inuit lived seasonally on their homelands, inland during the summer and closer to the sea in winter. They survived off the land and its resources, flora and fauna for several hundred years. The Inuit from the Hudson Bay region were a hardy That year the Hudson Bay Company (HBC) opened an outpost trading camp in Kangiqsuruaq, Puvirnituq Bay, which is several kilometers south of the actual Puvirnituq of today. It was in 1952 that the HBC established their post permanently in the Puvirnituq. A few families were originally from there but several others began setting up permanently as well, coming from the north such as Qikirtaruaq (formerly known as Cape Smith) and south from family camps such as Uvilurtuuraarjuk, Kuugaaluk and Tursukattaq. Puvirnituq became a hub for the HBC and the Inuit themselves, which also attracted missionaries. The Hudson Bay Company and the Anglican missionaries exerted great influence and power on the people, though the missionaries were not yet present in Puvirnituq. The Anglican Church was built first and an Anglican missionary arrived directly from England in1962. However, a Catholic priest by the name of André Steinmann arrived and built a mission hall in the summer of 1956 where he began schooling children. Father A. Steinmann, or Umikallak (short beard) as Inuit knew him, had mastered Inuktitut in Kangirsujuaq and Quaqtaq prior to coming to Puvirnituq. He became pivotal in the coming years, along with Peter Murdoch, HBC Manager at the time, in encouraging and assisting the Inuit in setting up their very first cooperative association. Aliva Tulugak, longtime Puvirnituq Co-op board member, iterates the perception at that time, “In Puvirnituq, Peter Murdoch said that the Puvirniturmiut were the poorest of all northern communities that he knew. Their hunting grounds were far, and there were not many animals for harvesting, seals and caribou were not very