Journal on Policy & Complex Systems Volume 3, Issue 2 - Page 34

Policy and Complex Systems - Volume 3 Number 2 - Fall 2017 Modeling Genocide at the System and Agent Levels Elizabeth M. von Briesen, N. Gizem Bacaksizlar, Mirsad Hadzikadic A Abstract This research works to bridge the gap between the knowledge of social scientists in the field of genocide studies and that of computational experts. A thorough system-level description of the problem informs the implementation of an agent-based model (ABM) that simulates local interactions in a society composed of two identity groups. This model explores how dynamics between agents with different identities, ideology, influence, susceptibility, and threshold to act against those of a different group lead to the emergence of genocide. Early results indicate the model’s usefulness in revealing the underlying factors and thresholds of importance. Next, this study presents steps toward the implementation of a formal system dynamics model, and describes how its results may complement those of the ABM, leading to more comprehensive and effective policy recommendations. Given further refinement, this research has the potential to produce a useable, generic model for social scientists and genocide researchers. Keywords: genocide, system dynamics, agent-based modeling, complex systems A Complex Systems Institute, University of North Carolina at Charlotte doi: 10.18278/jpcs.3.2.3 31