JLUS Background Report sj_br_report_sm - Page 332

ISSUE VO‐3
High‐Tech Agricultural Equipment Many farms are moving towards technologically advanced equipment to improve efficiency of farming which includes the use of aerial applicators ( manned aircraft and drones ) that could potentially extend into airspace of low‐level Military Training Routes .
Compatibility Assessment Use of unmanned aerial vehicles ( UAVs ), commonly called drones , has increased dramatically as they have become cheaper , smaller , and easier to use . By 2020 , the FAA expects the number of UAVs used in US airspace to increase to 30,000 . The FAA has a ban on UAVs flying over Restricted Areas including national parks , military bases and within a five mile radius of medium and large airports . Yet , pilots and air traffic controllers in the US reported about 150 incidents in 2014 in which UAVs flew too close to airports or aircraft . Technology can be utilized to limit the range of UAVs using geofencing , which uses GPS or RF identification to create a geographic boundary that location‐aware devices know to avoid . However , few manufacturers have incorporated this technology in the drones as it is not required .
The FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012 established rules for non‐commercial / recreational use of model aircraft , which includes civilian use of UAVs . Under these rules , civilian UAVs are limited to 55 pounds and must be operated to ensure they do not interfere with any manned aircraft . It also establishes that if the UAV is flown within five miles of an airport , the operator must notify the airport operator and the air traffic control tower . The operator must also maintain visual line of sight of the UAV .
The FAA released a proposal governing small commercial UAV operations in February 2015 . It sets a weight limit of 55 pounds , speed limit of 100 miles per hour , and height limit of 500 feet . Operato and avoid hazards , such as Restricted Areas , air also requires UAV operators to pass an aeronau operator certificate , but it does not require ope license . Final rules will take some time and it co are finalized . Until these rules are established , go through the Section 333 Exemption process . involves filing a petition for exemption , which is basis to perform commercial operations with U FAA granted 69 exemptions . Private recreation under the FAA Modernization and Reform Act o
In more rural parts of the US , UAVs are becomin agricultural purposes to monitor crops and field programmed to fly low over fields and streams to a ground station , where the images can be st analyzed to gauge crop health . They can also be soil and water samples . A 2013 study estimated would be largely in agriculture .
Most of the area below the MTRs utilized by Se currently used for agriculture or open space . Th recreational UAV use or farms may begin to util the number of UAVs increases , there is potentia communication between air traffic control and There will also be the increased risk of UAVs fly without prior coordination . This raises safety co able to reach a height of 500 feet – the minimu Seymour Johnson AFB aircraft travel through th
There is uncertainty as to whether a farmer wh drone to survey as part of the agricultural busin be considered a commercial or recreational use
Page 5.23‐10
ISSUE  VO‐3  per hour, and height limit of 500 feet.  Operators must keep the UAV in sight  and avoid hazards, such as Restricted Areas, airports, and other planes.  It  also requires UAV operators to pass an aeronautics test to obtain an  operator certificate, but it does not require operators to have an aviator's  license.  Final rules will take some time and it could be 2017 before the rules  are finalized.  Until these rules are established, commercial operators must  go through the Section 333 Exemption process.  The exemption process  involves filing a petition for exemption, which is granted on a case‐by‐case  basis to perform commercial operations with UAVs.  As of March 2015, the  FAA granted 69 exemptions.  Private recreational UAV use remains regulated  under the FAA Modernization and Reform Act of 2012.  High‐Tech Agricultural Equipment  Many farms are moving towards technologically  advanced equipment to improve efficiency of farming  which includes the use of aerial applicators (manned  aircraft and drones) that could potentially extend into  airspace of low‐level Military Training Routes.    Compatibility Assessment Use of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), commonly called drones, has  increased dramatically as they have become cheaper, smaller, and easier to  use.  By 2020, the FAA expects the number of UAVs used in US airspace to  increase to 30,000.  The FAA has a ban on UAVs flying over Restricted Areas  including national parks, military bases and within a five mile radius of  medium and large airports.  Yet, pilots and air traffic controllers in the US  reported about 150 incidents in 2014 in which UAVs flew too close to  airports or aircraft.  Technology can be utilized to limit the range of UAVs  using geofencing, which uses GPS or RF identification to create a geographic  boundary that location‐aware devices know to avoid.  However, few  manufacturers have incorporated this technology in the drones as it is not  required.  In more rural parts of the US, UAVs are becoming increasingly used for  agricultural purposes to monitor crops and fie ˰pPU[pܘ[[YY0pݙ\Y[[0X[\ݚY[[0Y[pܛ[0][ۋ0\pp[XY\[p]Y0]\[X\ܰ[[^Y0]Ypܛ0X[ ^p[[p[YYY0[0[0Zp[0[0]\[\\˰0p LYp\[X]Y0]0]\pPUX\][0p\[p[YܚX[\K0[0ٰp\Xp[pU][^Y0p^[[\۰Q\\[p\Y0ܰYܚX[\pܰ[XK0\p\X\X^p]X0XܙX][ۘ[0PU\pܰ\\X^pY[][^pp]XK0\p\ٰPU[ܙX\\0\p\[X[0ܰ[ܙX\Y0[][X][۰]Y[Z\YX۝0[0][X[][^[PU˰0\p[0[pp[ܙX\Y0\ٰPUZ[[Z[]\pZ\Xp]]0[ܰܙ[][ۋ\Z\\Y]pۘ\\X[pPU\pXpXX0pZY0ٰ L 0Y]08$pZ[[][p\][ܰ]0X0^[[\۰QZ\ܘY0][0Y0pU˰pPp[\^][۰[0YܛpX0ٰ L\X\Y0[\ܰ۸$[Y\X[0 XܙX][ۘ[0\pٰ[[0Z\ܘY 0X0[Y\][X[\pٰPU˰0[\\p[\0][X[PU\p[Z]Y0 Mp[[0]\0p\]Y0[\p^p0[\\p]0[pX[Y0Z\ܘY 00]0[\X\\]0YpPU\۰][]pZ[\ٰ[Z\ܝ 0p\]ܰ]\0YppZ\ܝ0\]ܰ[0pZ\YX۝0\0p\]ܰ]\0[XZ[Z[\X[0[pٰY0ٰpPU0\p\[\Z[p\]\p\Y\XY\\pp\ۘ[0ۙp\^p\\0ٰpYܚX[\[0\[\[0XZppٚ]0[0pۜY\Y0p[Y\X[0ܰXܙX][ۘ[0\pٰpPUpPp[X\Y0p[0ݙ\[X[0[Y\X[0PU\][ۜ[XX\p MK0]0]pZY0[Z]0ٰ Mp[0YY0[Z]0ٰ L 0Z[\Yp K$ L0Xܛ[0\ܝ0