JLUS Background Report sj_br_report_sm - Page 112

RCS , the combined effects of both adverse and beneficial actions must achieve a net benefit to the recovery of the species .
A recovery credit is a unit of measure established by an RCS that quantifies the contribution that an agency ’ s action makes toward the recovery of a listed species . Credits are based on , and linked with , the implementation of specific conservation measures identified in a species ’ approved recovery plan . If there is no final approved recovery plan , an RCS may employ an equivalent service‐approved document that describes specific measures that will contribute to the downlisting or delisting of endangered or threatened species .
The RCS program is a new program , which has thus far only been implemented at one military facility in central Texas . In this case , the RCS is comprised of leases for a term ranging from 5 to 25 years . Landowners are provided confidentiality and , therefore , no public comment is allowed on the merits of RCS credits for particular tracts . Also , the leases may be organized in terms of repayment schedules and a penalty clause . In a rapidly growing region , temporary leases may not be suitable if the intent is to execute conservation requirements . Traditional conservation easements ( which are not revocable and run in perpetuity ) may be a more preferable approach .
Federal Land Management and Policy Act of 1976 The Federal Land Management and Policy Act ( FLPMA ) established the authority for public agencies that possess public lands to manage and plan according to national and local interests . The law mandates that public lands identified for development shall uphold and protect the scientific , scenic , historical , ecological , environmental , and other values unique to specific geographies . This law provides the impetus for the various resource management plans developed and prepared for public agencies .
Federal Aviation Act The Federal Aviation Act was enacted in 1958 to overseeing and regulating civilian and military us The Act requires the Secretary of Transportation that formulate policy for the orderly developme space . The intent is to serve the needs of both c national defense , but does not specifically addre agencies . Military planning strives to work along aviation law and policies but sometimes must su levels of government due to national security int Administration ( FAA ) was created as a result of t purposes , including the management of airspace
The 500‐foot rule , promulgated by the FAA , stat United States has “ a public right of freedom of t through the navigable air space of the United Sta announced in the 1963 Court of Claims ruling in states that flights 500 feet or more above groun represent a compensable taking because flights free passage without liability to the owners belo
Another important outcome of the Act is FAA Re commonly known as Part 77 , which provides the vertical obstruction compatibility . This regulation based on the height of proposed structures or n their distance from the ends of a runway . Using regulation , local jurisdictions can easily assess th airfields . Additional information on Part 77 is loc at http :// www . faa . gov /. The height standards to within navigable airspace established by Part 77
The FAA has identified certain imaginary surface determine how structures and facilities are evalu
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Federal Aviation Act RCS, the combined effects of both adverse and beneficial actions must  achieve a net benefit to the recovery of the species.  The Federal Aviation Act was enacted in 1958 to provide methods for  overseeing and regulating civilian and military use of airspace over the US.   The Act requires the Secretary of Transportation to make long‐range plans  that formulate policy for the orderly development and use of navigable air  space.  The intent is to serve the needs of both civilian aeronautics and  national defense, but does not specifically address the needs of military  agencies. Military planning strives to work alongside local, state, and federal  aviation law and policies but sometimes must supersede these and other  levels of government due to national security interests.   The Federal Aviation  Administration (FAA) was created as a result of the Act for a variety of  purposes, including the management of airspace over the US.    A recovery credit is a unit of measure established by an RCS that quantifies  the contribution that an agency’s action makes toward the recovery of a  listed species. Credits are based on, and linked with, the implementation of  specific conservation measures identified in a species’ approved recovery  plan. If there is no final approved recovery plan, an RCS may employ an  equivalent service‐approved document that describes specific measures that  will contribute to the downlisting or delisting of endangered or threatened  species.  The RCS program is a new program, which has thus far only been  implemented at one military facility in central Texas. In this case, the RCS is  comprised of leases for a term ranging from 5 to 25 years. Landowners are  provided confidentiality and, therefore, no public comment is allowed on the  merits of RCS credits for particular tracts. Also, the leases may be organized  in terms of repayment schedules and a penalty clause. In a rapidly growing  region, temporary leases may not be suitable if the intent is to execute  conservation requirements. Traditional conservation easements (which are  not revocable and run in perpetuity) may be a more preferable approach.  The 500‐foot rule, promulgated by the FAA, states that every citizen of the  United States has “a public right of freedom of transit in air commerce  through the navigable air space of the United States.” The rule was formally  announced in the 1963 Court of Claims ruling in Aaron v. United States and  states that flights 500 feet or more above ground level (AGL) do not  represent a compensable taking because flights 500 feet AGL enjoy a right of  free passage without liability to the owners below.   Another important outcome of the Act is FAA Regulation Title 14 Part 77,  commonly known as Part 77, which provides the basis for evaluation of  vertical obstruction compatibility. This regulation determines compatibility  based on the height of proposed structures or natural features relative to  their distance from the ends of a runway. Using a distance formula from this  regulation, local jurisdictions can easily assess the height restrictions near  airfields. Additional information on Part 77 is located on the FAA Internet site  at http://www.faa.gov/. The height standards to determine obstructions  within navigable airspace established by Part 77 can be found in Section 3.6.  Federal Land Management and Policy Act of 1976 The Federal Land Management and Policy Act (FLPMA) established the  authority for public agencies that possess public lands to manage and plan  according to national and local interests.  The law mandates that public lands  identified for development shall uphold and protect the scientific, scenic,  historical, ecological, environmental, and other values unique to specific  geographies.  This law provides the impetus for the various resource  management plans developed and prepared for public agencies.    The FAA has identified certain imaginary surfaces around runways to  de \Z[pX\\[0X[]Y\\p][X]Y0[0Y[YpY^pYp 8$0Xܛ[0\ܝ0