JLUS Background Report sj_br_report_sm - Page 111

Section 7 of the ESA , called Interagency Cooperation , provides the mechanism to ensure that actions taken by federal agencies do not jeopardize the existence of any listed species . As required by Section 7 , federal agencies must consult with the USFWS when any action the agency funds , authorizes , or carries out may affect a listed endangered or threatened species . Section 7 consultation is the main way that federal agencies manage takings of species .
The ESA prohibits the " take " of listed species through direct harm or habitat destruction . In the 1982 ESA amendments , Congress authorized the USFWS ( through the Secretary of the Interior ) to issue permits for the " incidental take " of endangered and threatened wildlife species ( Section 10a ( 1 )( B ) of the ESA ). Thus , permit holders can proceed with an activity that is legal in all other respects , but may result in the " incidental " taking of a listed species .
There is a variety of permits for the removal of an endangered or threatened species ( incidental take permits , enhancement of survival permits , and recovery and interstate commerce permits ). Each type of permit has a number of prerequisites .
Incidental take permits are required when non‐federal activities will result in take of threatened or endangered species . A habitat conservation plan ( HCP ) must accompany an application for an incidental take permit . The HCP associated with the permit ensures that the effects of the authorized incidental take are adequately minimized and mitigated . The 1982 amendment requires that permit applicants design , implement , and secure funding for the HCP that minimizes and mitigates harm to the impacted species during the proposed project . HCPs are legally binding agreements between the Secretary of the Interior and the permit holder .
Enhancement of survival permits are issued to non‐federal landowners participating in Safe Harbor Agreements or Candidate Conservation Agreements with Assurances . These agreements encourage landowners to take actions to benefit species while also providing assurances that they will not be subject to additional regulatory restrictio conservation actions .
Recovery and interstate commerce permits are iss of activities intended to foster the recovery of lis a recovery permit is to allow for scientific resear to understand better the species ' long‐term surv commerce permits also allow transport and sale lines ( e . g ., for purposes such as a breeding progr
However , because some species listed are subje Treaty Act , it is illegal for anyone to take , posses sell , purchase , barter , or offer for sale , purchase bird , or the parts , nests , or eggs of such a bird ex valid permit issued pursuant to federal regulatio species protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty A
As authorized by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act , U qualified applicants for the following types of ac propagation , scientific collecting , special purpos educational , migratory game bird propagation , a depredating birds , taxidermy , and waterfowl sal permit policy is developed by the Division of Mig the permits themselves are issued by the Region regulations governing migratory bird permits can ( General Permit Procedures ) and 50 CFR Part 21
Recovery Credit System The Recovery Credit System ( RCS ) program was RCS is an optional tool available to federal agenc the recovery of listed species on non‐federal lan agencies are able to more clearly show how ben lands offset unavoidable effects of federal action
Background Report
not be subject to additional regulatory restrictions as a result of their  conservation actions.  Section 7 of the ESA, called Interagency Cooperation, provides the  mechanism to ensure that actions taken by federal agencies do not  jeopardize the existence of any listed species.  As required by Section 7,  federal agencies must consult with the USFWS when any action the agency  funds, authorizes, or carries out may affect a listed endangered or  threatened species.  Section 7 consultation is the main way that federal  agencies manage takings of species.  Recovery and interstate commerce permits are issued to allow for take as part  of activities intended to foster the recovery of listed species. A typical use of  a recovery permit is to allow for scientific research on a listed species in order  to understand better the species' long‐term survival needs. Interstate  commerce permits also allow transport and sale of listed species across state  lines (e.g., for purposes such as a breeding program).  The ESA prohibits the "take" of listed species through direct harm or habitat  destruction. In the 1982 ESA amendments, Congress authorized the USFWS  (through the Secretary of the Interior) to issue permits for the "incidental  take" of endangered and threatened wildlife species (Section 10a(1)(B) of the  ESA). Thus, permit holders can proceed with an activity that is legal in all  other respects, but may result in the "incidental" taking of a listed species.  However, because some species listed are subject to the Migratory Bird  Treaty Act, it is illegal for anyone to take, possess, import, export, transport,  sell, purchase, barter, or offer for sale, purchase, or barter, any migratory  bird, or the parts, nests, or eggs of such a bird except under the terms of a  valid permit issued pursuant to federal regulations. The migratory bird  species protected by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act are listed in 50 CFR 10.13.   There is a variety of permits for the removal of an endangered or threatened  species (incidental take permits, enhancement of survival permits, and  recovery and interstate commerce permits). Each type of permit has a  number of prerequisites.  As authorized by the Migratory Bird Treaty Act, USFWS issues permits to  qualified applicants for the following types of activities: falconry, raptor  propagation, scientific collecting, special purposes (rehabilitation,  educational, migratory game bird propagation, and salvage), take of  depredating birds, taxidermy, and waterfowl sale and disposal. Migratory bird  permit policy is developed by the Division of Migratory Bird Management and  the permits themselves are issued by the Regional Bird Permit Offices. The  regulations governing migratory bird permits can be found in 50 CFR part 13  (General Permit Procedures) and 50 CFR Part 21 (Migratory Bird Permits).  Incidental take permits are required when non‐federal activities will result in  take of threatened or endangered species. A habitat ۜ\][۰[  p]\0X\[p[\X][۰ܰ[[Y[[0Zp\Z] p0\X]Y0]0p\Z]0[\\]0pYXٰp]]ܚ^Y0[Y[[0Zp\pY\]X][pZ[[Z^Y0[0Z]Y]Y p NN [Y[Y[0\]Z\\]0\Z]0\X[\Yۋ0[\[Y[ 0[0X\p[[ܰp0]0Z[[Z^\[0Z]Y]\\pp[\XY0XY\\[pY0ڙX \pY[p[[YܙY[Y[]Y[pXܙ]\pٰp[\[ܰ[0p\Z]0\Xݙ\HܙY]\[BpXݙ\pܙY]0\[p pܘ[p\ܙX]Y0ppTѕ˰0[\[[ۘ[00]Z[XpY\[0Y[Y\[p[0[[ppXݙ\pٰ\Y0XY\۰۸$Y\[0[˰\[0Y\[0Y[Y\\pXp[ܙpX\p[Y]XܝYY0۰۸$Y\[0[ٙ]0[]YXpYXٰY\[0X[ۜ[]\K0]\0[[[[[Y[0ٰ\][0\Z]\p\YY0۸$Y\[0[ۙ\\X\][[Yp\ܰYܙY[Y[ܰ[Y]pۜ\][۰YܙY[Y[]0\\[\˰\pYܙY[Y[[\Yp[ۙ\ZpX[ۜ[Y]0XY\[p[ݚY[\\[\]0^p[0Xܛ[0\ܝ00Yp 8$