International Focus Magazine Vol. 4, #1 - Page 40

global Tanzania A COUNTRY OF WONDERS The United Republic of Tanzania borders the Indian Ocean, between Kenya and Mozambique. Tanzania is the largest and most populated country in East Africa (estimated at 55,451,343 people as of July 2018) with more than 120 ethnic groups, which seem to coexist peacefully and no single group dominates. This beautiful Country has been called the best destination on Earth because it is home of seven UNESCO World Heritage Sites, fascinating safaris and sixteen dramatic national parks. From climbing Mount Kilimanjaro, watching wildlife in the Serengeti, to experience the beautiful beaches of Ngorongoro to Zanzibar, this is defi- nitely a country of many wonders. 40 iF Magazine | January 2019 When you visit Tanzania you will be touched by how welcoming, gra- cious, friendly, warm and polite the Tanzanian people are. Local people are proud of their majesty of their countryside and their beautifully rich cultures. Like some other countries in Africa, while Tanzania has made significant improvements in terms of human and economic development over the past decades. Yet 49% of Tanzanians still live below $1.90 USD per day (World Bank, 2011). Because of its largely rural population, poverty is pronounced in these areas dispro- portionately affecting people who depend on farming, fisheries, and livestock to make their living. More than 67% of the country’s popula- tion depends upon agriculture and agriculture-related activities for their primary employment and source of food (Africa Growth Initiative). This reality is no different in the re- motely located small village of Maki- ba, which is situated in the Arumeru district of the Arusha. With a popula- tion of 11,874 people, this small and isolated community was originally referred to as Grass Camp (Kambia Ya Magani), before its official desig- nation as a village. This poor village has extremely limited opportunities for meeting basic needs. Increasing numbers of children are becoming