INTER-SECTION Volume III - Page 36

| Vivian S. van Heekeren | Discussion It is known that osteoporosis correlates with an increasing age. Therefore, the two affected age categories, 36-45 years and the β‰₯46 years and older, have been studied for both periods. Unfortunately, the data does not provide enough results for the Medieval period to calculate the expected frequency for the Chi-squared method. The relationship between these two categories for the post-Medieval (P-value = < 0.0001, Ο‡ 2 = 37.318, 1df). Effectively, this means that with the increase of age there is an increasing chance to develop osteoporosis as well. advances in science and technology resulted in the Industrial Revolution. The changes brought about by this had a dramatic effect on environment, lifestyle, and diet. As many of these changes would favour the development of osteoporosis, this study aimed to see whether there was a general increase in the prevalence of ½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯́™Ι½΄Ρ‘”5•‘₯•Ω…°ΡΌΡ‘”)Α½ΝΠ΅5•‘₯•Ω…°Α•Ι₯½ΈQ‘”Ι•ΝΥ±Ρ́‘•΅½ΉΝΡΙ…Ρ”Ρ‘…Π)Ρ‘”ΙΥ‘”ΑΙ•Ω…±•Ή”Ι…Ρ”½˜₯Ή‘₯Ω₯‘Υ…±Μ…™™•Ρ•‰δ)½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯́₯ΉΙ•…͕́™Ι½΄€ΐΈΐά”™½ΘΡ‘”5•‘₯•Ω…°)Α•Ι₯½ΡΌ€ΔΈΐΰ”™½ΘΡ‘”Α½ΝΠ΅5•‘₯•Ω…°Α•Ι₯½°„)Ρ‘”Ι₯Ν”½˜Ρ‘”½Ω•Ι…±°Α•Ι•ΉΡ…”Έ)%Ё₯́­Ή½έΈ™Ι½΄±₯Ή₯…°Ι•Ν•…ɍ Ρ‘…Ё•±‘•Ι±δ)™•΅…±•Μ…Ι”ΝεΝΡ•΅…Ρ₯…±±δ΅½Ι”…™™•Ρ•‰δ)½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯́ё…Έ΅…±•Μ…Ήε½ΥΉ•Θ₯Ή‘₯Ω₯‘Υ…±ΜΈ)έ₯Ρ Ρ‘”ΝΡ…Ρ₯ΝΡ₯…°Ι•ΝΥ±Ρ́™½Θ™•΅…±•Μ…Ή½±‘•Θ)…‘Υ±Ρ́ё…ЁΝΥ™™•Θ™Ι½΄½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯ΜΈ%Έ…‘‘₯Ρ₯½Έ°)ΑΙ•Ω…±•Ή”½˜½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯́‘ΥΙ₯ΉœΡ‘”%Ή‘ΥΝΡΙ₯…°)™½ΘΡ‘”Α½ΝΠ΅5•‘₯•Ω…°Α•Ι₯½έ₯Ρ Ρ‘”₯ΉΙ•…Ν”½˜)₯Ή‘₯Ω₯‘Υ…±Μέ₯Ρ Ρ‘”‘₯Ν•…Ν”₯Έ•Ή•Ι…°Έ!½έ•Ω•Θ°)Ρ‘”ΑΙ½‰±•΄έ₯Ρ Ρ‘”½±‘•Θ…‘ձЁ…Ρ•½Ιδ₯́ё…Π)Ρ‘₯́₯́„Ω•Ι䁱…ɝ”…Ρ•½Ιδέ‘•Ι•₯ΈΉΌ‘₯ΝΡ₯ΉΡ₯½Έ)…Έ‰”΅…‘”‰•Ρέ••Έ₯Ή‘₯Ω₯‘Υ…±Μ₯ΈΡ‘•₯ȁ™½ΙΡ₯•Μ½Θ)Ή₯Ή•Ρ₯•ΜΈ%Ё΅₯‘Ё‰”Α½ΝΝ₯‰±”Ρ‘…Ё΅½Ι”₯Ή‘₯Ω₯‘Υ…±Μ)Ι•…‘•Ρ‘₯́…”‘ΥΙ₯ΉœΡ‘”Α½ΝΠ΅5•‘₯•Ω…°Α•Ι₯½½Θ)‰•…΅”½±‘•Θ₯Έ•Ή•Ι…°°έ‘₯ ½Υ±‘…Ω”±•ΡΌ…Έ)₯ΉΙ•…Ν”₯Έ½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯́‘ΥΙ₯ΉœΡ‘₯́Α•Ι₯½Έ)%Ё₯́ΕΥ•ΝΡ₯½Ή…‰±”έ‘•Ρ‘•ΘΡ‘”½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯́ AH)½΅Α½Ν•‰δI½‰•ΙΡ́…Ή ½ΰ€ ΘΐΐΜ€™½ΘΡ‘”Α½ΝΠ΄)5•‘₯•Ω…°Α•Ι₯½₯ΈΙ•…Ё Ι₯Ρ…₯Έ₯́ɕΑΙ•Ν•ΉΡ…Ρ₯Ω”)™½Θ½Ρ‘•Θ•΅•Ρ•Ι₯•ΜΈQ‘₯́ΥΙΙ•ΉΠΝΡΥ‘δΑΙ•Ν•ΉΡΜ)΅½Ι”Ι•ΝΥ±Ρ́™Ι½΄΅Υ±Ρ₯Α±”Ν₯ѕ́₯Έ1½Ή‘½Έ…Ή)ΐΈ€ΜЁπY=0%%$π%9QH΅M Q%=8π€ΘΐΔά)Ν‘½έ́ё”½ΑΑ½Ν₯Ρ”ΡΙ•ΉΈ9•Ω•ΙΡ‘•±•ΝΜ°…Ι”)Ν‘½Υ±ΝΡ₯±°‰”Ρ…­•Έέ‘•Έ½΅Α…Ι₯ΉœΡ‘•Ν”Ι•ΝΥ±ΡΜ)ΡΌ•΅•Ρ…Ι₯•Μ™Ι½΄•±Ν•έ‘•Ι”₯Έ Ι₯Ρ…₯Έ°Ν₯Ή”Ρ‘”)₯Ή‘ΥΝΡΙ₯…±₯Ν…Ρ₯½Έέ…́™…ȁ΅½Ι”•αΡ•ΉΝ₯Ω”₯Έ1½Ή‘½Έ)Ρ‘…Έ₯Ё݅́₯ΈΝ΅…±±•Θ₯Ρ₯•Μ½ΘΙΥΙ…°…Ι•…ΜΈ)]‘₯±”Ρ‘₯́Α…Α•ΘΡΙ₯•ΜΡΌ±₯΅₯Ёё”₯΅Α…Π½˜₯ΉΡ•Θ΄)½‰Ν•Ιٕȁ•Ιɽȁ‰δΥΝ₯Ήœ‘…Ρ„½±±•Ρ•‰δΡ‘”)Ν…΅”₯ΉΝΡ₯ΡΥΡ₯½Έ°₯Ё₯́½˜½ΥΙΝ”Α½ΝΝ₯‰±”Ρ‘…Ёͽ΅”)‘₯™™•Ι•Ή•Μ΅…δΝΡ₯±°‰”„ΑΙ½‘ՍЁ½˜‘₯™™•Ι•ΉΠ‘…Ρ„)½±±•Ρ½Ί½Θ‰δέ‘•ΈΡ‘•δέ•Ι”Ι•Ν•…ɍ‘•ΈQ‘”)5•‘₯•Ω…°•΅•Ρ•Ι₯•Μ‘₯͍ΥΝΝ•₯ΈΡ‘₯́ɕ͕…ɍ έ•Ι”)•α…Ω…Ρ•‰•Ρέ••Έ€ΔδΰЁ…Ή€Δδδఁݑ₯±”΅½Ι”Ρ‘…Έ)‘…±˜½˜Ρ‘”Α½ΝΠ΅5•‘₯•Ω…°½Ή•Μέ•Ι”•α…Ω…Ρ•₯Έ)Ρ‘”€ΘāΝЁ•ΉΡΥΙ䀑Y…Έ!••­•Ι•Έ€ΘΐΔΤ°€Ψΐ€ΈQ‘”]!<)₯́±₯­•±δΡ‘…Ёё”₯ΉΙ•…Ν”₯Έ½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯́…͕́₯Έ)‘•Ρ•Π½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯́₯Έ…ɍ‘…•½±½₯…°‘Υ΅…ΈΙ•΅…₯ΉΜ(‘]…±‘Ι½Έ€Θΐΐδ°€ΔΘΐ€ΈΈ•α…΅Α±”½˜₯΅ΑΙ½Ω•)‘•Ρ•Ρ₯½Έ½˜½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯́₯Έ…ɍ‘…•½±½₯…°‘Υ΅…Έ)Ι•΅…₯ΉΜ…Ι”Ρ‘”Ι•ΝΥ±Ρ́™Ι½΄Ρ‘”MЁ Ι₯‘•Μ1½έ•Θ) •΅•Ρ•Ι丁Q‘₯́Ν₯Ρ”έ…́ΥΝ•™½Θ½΅Α½Ν₯ΉœΡ‘”) AH™½ΥΉ₯ΈI½‰•ΙΡ́…Ή ½ΰ€ ΘΐΐΜ€…Ή•₯‘Π)₯Ή‘₯Ω₯‘Υ…±Μέ•Ι”…™™•Ρ•έ₯Ρ ½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯́₯ΈΡ‘”)½Ι₯₯Ή…°ΝΡՑ䁙ɽ΄5½±±•Ν½Έ…Ή ½ΰ₯Έ€ΔδδΜ(‘I½‰•ΙΡ́…Ή ½ΰ€ΘΐΐΜ°€ΜΤΤ€ΈQ‘”Α½ΑΥ±…Ρ₯½Έ½˜)Ρ‘₯́•΅•Ρ•Ι䁑…́‰••ΈΙ”΅•α…΅₯Ή•‰δ Ι₯­±•δ( Δδδά€ΥΝ₯Ήœ΅½‘•ΙΈΡ•‘Ή₯ΕՕ́…ΉΡ‘₯́ɕΝΥ±Ρ•)₯Έ€Μā₯Ή‘₯Ω₯‘Υ…±Μέ₯Ρ Ν­•±•Ρ…°‘…Ή•Μ½Ή™½Ι΅₯Ήœ)ΡΌ½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯Μ€‘]=I‘…Ρ…‰…Ν”°€ΘΐΔՈ€ΈQ‘”)…‘Ω…Ή•Μ½˜Ν₯•Ή”…ΉΡ‘”ΥΝ”½˜΅•‘₯…°)Ρ•‘Ή½±½δ°έ‘₯ ₯́ɕ•ΉΡ±δ…±ΝΌ΅½Ι”™Ι•ΕΥ•ΉΡ±δ)ΥΝ•₯Έ½ΝΡ•½…ɍ‘…•½±½δ°…±±½ά™½Θ‰•Ρѕȁ‘•Ρ•Ρ₯½Έ)½˜½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯́…Ήέ₯±°΅½ΝЁ±₯­•±δΙ•ΝձЁ₯Έ…Έ)₯ΉΙ•…Ν•‘•Ρ•Ρ₯½Έ½˜…™™•Ρ•₯Ή‘₯Ω₯‘Υ…±Μ₯ΈΡ‘”)™ΥΡΥΙ”Έ)•ΝΑ₯Ρ”Ρ‘”…Ω…₯±…‰₯±₯Ρ䁽˜₯΅ΑΙ½Ω•‘•Ρ•Ρ₯½Έ)Ρ•‘Ή₯ΕΥ•Μ°½ΝΡ•½…ɍ‘…•½±½₯ΝΡ́ΝΡ₯±°ΝΡΙ՝±”)‘•Ρ•Ι΅₯Ή”έ‘•Έ…Έ₯Ή‘₯Ω₯‘Υ…°έ…́…™™•Ρ•‰δ)Ρ‘₯́‘₯Ν•…Ν”½ΘΉ½ΠΈQ‘₯́₯́…±ΝΌΩ₯Ν₯‰±”έ₯Ρ‘₯ΈΡ‘”)5=1‘…Ρ…‰…Ν”έ‘•Ι”½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯́ͽ΅•Ρ₯΅•Μέ…Μ)Ι•½Ι‘•…́„Α…Ρ‘½±½δ°…±Ρ‘½Υ ‰…Ν•½Έ‘₯™™•Ι•ΉΠ)‘…Ι…Ρ•Ι₯ΝΡ₯ΜΈQ‘”‘₯…Ή½Ν₯́½Υ±‰”‰…Ν•½ΈΡ‘”)‰½Ή•Μ™••±₯Ήœ±₯‘Ρέ•₯‘Ё…ΉΡ‘”…”…ΉΝ•ΰ½˜Ρ‘”)₯Ή‘₯Ω₯‘Υ…°°έ‘₯±”½Έ½Ρ‘•Θ½…Ν₯½ΉΜ…Έ₯Ή‘₯Ω₯‘Υ…°)Ν‘½Υ±…Ё±•…ΝЁ‘…Ω”½Ή”½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ρ₯Œ™Ι…ΡΥΙ”€‘]=I)‘…Ρ…‰…Ν”°€ΘΐΔΤ€Έ]…±‘Ι½Έ€ Θΐΐ䀁…ɝՕ́ё…Ёё”ΡΙΥ”)ΑΙ•Ω…±•Ή”½˜½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ν₯́έ₯±°‰”ΥΉ‘•Ι•ΝΡ₯΅…Ρ•)₯ΈΑ…ΝЁΑ½ΑΥ±…Ρ₯½ΉΜέ‘•ΈΙ•Ν•…ɍ‘•Ί½Ή±δ½ΥΉΠΡ‘”)₯Ή‘₯Ω₯‘Υ…±Μέ₯Ρ …Έ½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ρ₯Œ™Ι…ΡΥΙ”Έ!½έ•Ω•Θ°)½ΥΉΡ₯Ήœ½ΝΡ•½Α½Ι½Ρ₯Œ™Ι…ΡΥɕ́₯́ё”½Ή±δέ…δΡΌ