INTER-SECTION Volume III - Page 27

| | - ce: Sellen 2007, 139. (López García, 2001; Morris 987, 133). This results in a set of orientations that can be represented in a An important part of ancient Zapotec worldview were the meanings they ascribed to the seven directions they recognised, based mainly on the movements of the celestial bodies and stars. The north and east were considered the directions of light, truth and where life prevailed. These directions were also associated with the rising and the shining sun (López García, 2001). Conversely the south and west were connected to darkness, secrecy and death. These directions were also associated with the setting and the dark (invisible) sun (López García, 2001). Urcid (2014) notes that burial structures which were built below houses were often located on the west side of the building, “suggesting a symbolic link between death and the setting sun” (Urcid 2014, 209). Similarly the north is related to the rising sun and the south is related to the setting sun. This is probably because during the summer solstice, the sun reaches the most northern point of its annual cycle, while during the winter solstice the sun reaches the southernmost point of its annual cycle (Hopkins and Josserand 2001, 3). C Materials This study focuses on Tomb 104 at Monte Albán. It was undisturbed prior to excavation, which means that all the artefacts and human remains were recovered in their original positions (Caso 2003, 107-125). This allows for a secure analysis of the orientation of the internment and the three Cocijo another. The single human internment is oriented westeast, with the head towards the far wall of the tomb and the feet towards the entrance (see the tomb while the third was situated on the lintel above the entrance outside. The vessels all faced east, their backs directed towards the western wall of the tomb. This caused two of the vessels to face away from the internment and one vessel to face towards the internment. All three vessels show vessel to be discussed is the one situated on the vessel is adorned with a very elaborate headdress in which the mask of Cocijo has been integrated deity protrude, creating the impression that Cocijo 2017 | INTER-SECTION | VOL III | p.25