INTER-SECTION Volume III - Page 22

| Bo K.H. Schubert | 1 Many reliefs are now located in different museums all over the world. During the 20 th century, many scholars were dedicated to trace these reliefs and to reconstruct their original positions (Kertai 2014, 338). These reconstructions were mainly based on the original excavation reports. Furthermore, sawn off reliefs could be connected to the bases that were still in situ, and new excavations were carried out that yielded several in situ reliefs (Russell 1998, 658). Although some details are still under debate, this extensive work is now considered 2 The administrative area was built around the secretaries and several storage rooms (Barjamovic 2012, 31; Mallowan 1966, 172). The private area was only accessible for the royal family and their servants. Two rooms were adorned with wall paintings with geometric patterns and a depiction of the king with his servants and prisoners (Kertai 2015, 43). 3 Unfortunately, we do not know what was stored in these rooms, but their primary function seemed to have been protection against humidity (Kertai 2015, 195). 4 The Standard-Inscription mentions the ancestry of the king and his achievements as a king (Paley 1976, 125-133). There is no clear explanation of its function, but several interpretations are given by Russell (1999): 1. The inscription served as a label of property (229); 2. The inscription was a means of decoration (229-300); 3. Since the Standard-Inscription bears a royal message, it was used to give every room and/or monument a royal appearance (300). 5 Genii depicted assisting the king while performing rituals (Black and Green 1992, 86). The king can also be assisted by his servants, which were all eunuchs. 6 The Sacred tree is often associated with genii, or depictions of the king. However, three interpretations of the Sacred Tree exist: 1. It represents the ‘tree of life’ known from Genesis 2-3; 2. It represents a stylized date palm; 3. It is not a tree at all, but a cult object (Giovino 2007, 2-3). 7 A lamassu bull or lion body, and a human head and wings. 8 Suggested further reading: Kertai 2014. 9 Paley and Sobolewski (1987, 76, 78-79) the west-wing, but were not able to assign these to particular rooms. Some of these reliefs could have also been located on the north-wall of the throneroom. Bibliography Albenda, P., 1994. Sacred trees in the Brooklyn Museum. Iraq 56, 123-33. Ataç, M., 2010. The Mythology of Kingship in Neo- Assyrian Art. New York: Cambridge University Press. p. 20 | VOL III | INTER-SECTION | 2017 Barjamovic, G., 2011. Pride, Pomp and Circumstance: Palace, Court and Household in Assyria 879 – 612 BCE, in J.F.J. Duindam, T. Artan and M. Kunt (eds), Royal Courts in Dynastic States and Empires: A Global Perspective. Leiden: Brill, 27-62. Black, J. and A. Green, 1992. Gods, Demons, and Symbols of Ancient Mesopotamia: An Illustrated Dictionary. London: British Museum Press. Giovino, M.D., 2007. The Assyrian Sacred Tree: A History of Interpretations. Fribourg – Göttingen: Academic Press – Van den Hoeck & Ruprecht. Kertai, D., 2014. The Architecture of Connectivity: Ashurnasirpal II’s Late Assyrian Palace in Kalḫu, in D. Kurapkat, P.I. Schneider and U. Wulf- Rheidt (eds), Die Architektur des Weges: Gestaltete Bewegung im gebauten Raum: Internationales Kolloquium in Berlin, vom 08. – 11. Februar 2012. Regensburg: Schnell & Steiner, 337-347. Kertai, D., 2015. The Architecture of Late Assyrian Royal Palaces. New York (NY): Oxford University Press. Liverani, M., 1979. The Ideology of the Assyrian Empire, in M.T. Larsen (ed), Power and Propaganda: A Symposium on Ancient Empires. Copenhagen: Akademisk Vorlag, 297-317. Mallowan, M.E.L., 1966. Nimrud and Its Remains. London: Collins. Meuszynski, J., 1981. Die Rekonstruktion der Reliefdarstellungen und ihrer Anordnung im Nordwestpalast von Kahlu (Nimrud): (Räume: B.C.D.E.F.G.H.L.N.P.). Mainz am Rhein: Verlag Philipp von Zabern. Oates, D. and J. Oates, 2001. Nimrud: An Assyrian Imperial City Revealed. London: The British School of Archaeology in Iraq. Paley, S.M., 1976. King of the World: Ashur-nasir-pal II of Assyria 883-859 B.C. New York (NY): The Brooklyn Museum. Paley, S.M. and R.P. Sobolewski, 1987. The Reconstruction of the Relief Presentations and their Positions in the Northwest-Palace at Kalhu (Nimrud) II: (Rooms: I.S.T.Z, West-Wing). Mainz am Rhein: Phillip von Zabern. Paley, S.M. and R.P. Sobolewski, 1992. The Reconstruction of the Relief Presentations and their Positions in the Northwest-Palace at Kalhu (Nimrud) III: (The Principal Entrances and Courtyards). Mainz am Rhein: Phillip von Zabern.