Intelligent CIO Europe Issue 9 - Page 19

AI reveals authors of anonymous 19th century texts on evolution Proximus increases tenfold the capacity of its transport network W ith the help of modern AI software, representatives at the University of Antwerp have discovered the authors of two early papers on evolution. Some anonymously published papers on evolution far predate the publication of Charles Darwin’s Origin of Species (1859). With the help of modern AI software, Koen Tanghe (UGent) and Mike Kestemont (UAntwerpen) have revealed the authors of two of these papers. Due to their speculative and controversial nature, several articles on evolution were published anonymously during this early but influential blossoming of evolutionary thought. Two particularly remarkable articles were published in 1826 and 1827. They are among the first academic publications on evolution in Great Britain and are likely to have influenced and maybe even inspired Darwin. However, the question of the authorship of these texts has always remained open. Koen Tanghe (UGent) and Mike Kestemont (UAntwerpen) have now turned to Artificial Intelligence to investigate this mystery from a completely new angle. In the field of stylometry, algorithms are developed to attribute anonymous texts to authors on the basis of stylistic patterns in writing, such as word frequencies. By using a state-of-the-art method for authorship verification, they have succeeded in confirming content-based conjectures about the identity of the authors of these anonymous texts. The results affirm what several scholars suspected but could not prove, with the help of AI. Computational stylometry has already proven its value in resolving cases of disputed authorship in literary works and will, in the future, undoubtedly also further advance the history of science. P roximus, headquartered in Belgium, a leader in telecommunications, innovates and invests heavily in the modernisation of its transport network which interconnects all its sites and centralised service platforms. With its TITAN project, Proximus anticipates the sustained exponential growth of data traffic and strengthens the backbone of its network for the coming decade. The complete migration of all fixed and mobile voice and data services to the new infrastructure has already begun and will continue into 2021. The telecom sector has undergone a dramatic development, reflected in an exponential rise in demand for bandwidth. Traffic is expected to increase tenfold over the next decade, driven on the one hand by video, streaming, audio and cloud services, and on the other by further growth in the number of devices requiring higher speeds. To support this trend, Proximus innovates and invests heavily both in the access network – via the deployment of optical fibre, as well as high-speed DSL (vectoring) and the reinforcement of the mobile network – and in the underlying infrastructure which interconnects all the Proximus sites and its centralised service platforms. The TITAN network (an acronym for Terabit IP Transport Aggregation Network) will gradually replace the existing IP network which carries almost all the voice, data, TV and mobile traffic of our residential and professional customers. This will lead to a tenfold increase in data capacity and will facilitate the development of new services. To ensure a smooth migration to its new TITAN network, Proximus will gradually replace almost 800 major transmission hubs and reconnect 50,000 optical fibre connections in 600 buildings. These infrastructure works will be spread over 2018–21. INTELLIGENTCIO 19