Ingenieur Vol. 75 ingenieur July 2018-FA - Page 33

unsatisfied, then the process of structural transformation may be slowed down or disrupted. Consequently, complementary industrial, enterprise and development policies are needed to promote increased demand for electricity for productive uses, to ensure that demand is sufficient to make the necessary investments in generation, transformation and distribution viable. The key role of the energy–transformation nexus in sustainable development highlights the critical importance of fully integrating energy access plans with overall development strategies. Increasing access to modern energy can only be effective in promoting structural transformation in conjunction with an overall development strategy oriented towards this objective. Tackling supply side constraints within a context of strong demand growth and investment dynamism is a key factor. Moreover, close co- ordination between energy and development strategies is essential, to match the evolution of energy supply and demand, both geographically and over time. Reaping the full benefits of the energy– transformation nexus also requires complementary policies to foster economic diversification and job creation. Why the Nights are Getting Brighter – but not in a Good Way - BOAO The world’s nights are getting alarmingly brighter – bad news for all sorts of creatures, hu 06VFVB( 22ƖvBWFV7&6W2F&W727BWfW'vW&R6FVƗFR'6W'fF2FR'&W6V&6W'0GW&rffR66V7WFfR7F&W'26rFRV'F( 0'Ff6ǒƗBWFF"&Vw&Wr'"RV"g&У#"F#b6FBvBFR'&vFW72ƖvBWFv2WfVv'6RFFB66&FrFFRvW&VBFV&V6W6PFR6V6"W6VB6BFWFV7B6RbFPTBƖvFrFB2&V6֖r&RvFW7&VB7V6f6ǒ&VRƖvBFR'6W'fF2F6FR7F&RWfV2bv@ƖvBFRU2FRWFW&G27BFǒ'W@ƖvBWF27B6W'FǒFR&6RF6P6VG&W2vfVF2VW6fR&VRƖvB66&FpF6&7FW"&bFRtevW&&W6V&66VG&Rf"vV66V6W2BFRVBWF"bFP7GVGV&Ɨ6VB66V6RGf6W26FR&6R2FR7&VBbƖvBFFPFW&G2BG2fW&7&V6VBW6RFPfFw26GFW"FRrֆVBFFB&PVW&wVff6VBƖvFrvVBFV7&V6RW6vRFRv&( 2"BV7BF( 266RFR&v67Bg&7W&vr'Ff6Ɩv@266vf6B66&FrFFR&W6V&6W'2V^( 26VW6&R'&VBv6GW&6ffV7BFV"VFFR֖w&FB&W&GV7Fb&&G2f6&26V7G2B&G26&PF7'WFVBG26fR&&ǒWFVFV@w&vrW&G2Bf&vWB&WB6VVr7F'2 FR֖ƷvbFRG&VB6FVW2&WBFRǒ6W2vFG&F2FV6ƖW0vBƖvBvW&R&V2b6fƖ7B7V607&BVVFR&W6V&6W'2fVBW7G&Ɩ6&W'FVBF6V&RG&'WBFBv0&V6W6RvFf&W2vW&R&vrV&ǒFR7GVG&W6V&6W'2vW&RV&RFfFW"WBFR'&v@'W&rƖvB6g&6B6WFW&6f"FR7@'B6r7W&vR'Ff6vBƖvFr&RB&R6W2&R7FƖrWFF ƖvFrvfVG2r67BBFRfW&w&wF6VFW>( vVFFR66VF7G2FVBW&&7&v26frFv2f'FW"WBFRWG6'G2b"6FW2FWfVrF0vW&R'&vFVrVFR&Fǒ( VR&RW6rƖvBBvBvFW@&VǒF涖r&WBFR67B( ƶW"6B@W7BFRV6֖267B( 'WB6FR67BF@RfRFg&V6v6Vf&VFW'7V7Ff^( ष&B26VwVW2&V6VBfFpv&r2vVWfW"76&R( 266p&W"fW"66VBvFRTG2( 2BW6r&PVff6VBv2FV֖FR6W27V62&pG2"6G7G&VWG2&WGFW"&GFW'V5@&^( 2r7FFW2FB&6W76rvW bG&67F'2vFV&RWfW'F2Vf'GVFVǒFW&R2&^( 2rf &GFW&W2v66VVF&RvvrgW'FW"@gW'FW"&VB6'BRGf6W2vFV676rV"3